VERB TENSES

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VERB TENSES 作者: Mind Map: VERB TENSES

1. Simple Presente

1.1. You can use for:

1.1.1. Facts.

1.1.2. Habitual Actions.

1.1.3. Things that don't / won't change.

1.1.4. Describing Yourself.

1.2. Auxiliary verbs:

1.2.1. do / don't: I, we, you, they.

1.2.2. does / doens't: he, she, it.

1.3. Structure:

1.3.1. Affirmative: subject + verb + complement.

1.3.2. Negative: subject + auxiliary + verb + complement.

1.3.3. Interrogative: auxiliary + subject + verb + complement?

1.4. Rules: 3rd person he/she/it

1.4.1. In general = + S: work = works.

1.4.2. Verbs ending in conson. + Y: y + ies: Study = studies.

1.4.3. Verbs ending in o, sh, tsh, x, ss: + es: kiss = kisses.

1.5. Example(H7):

1.5.1. Tom's job

1.5.2. Tom works at a bank. He is the manager. He starts work every day at 8:00 am. He finishes work every day at 6:00 pm. He lives very close to the bank. He walks to work every day. His brother and sister also work at the bank. But, they do not live close to the bank. They drive cars to work. They start work at 9:00 am. In the bank, Tom is the boss. He helps all the workers and tells them what to do. He likes his job. He is also very good at his job. Many customers like Tom, and they say hello to him when they come to the bank. Tom likes to talk to the customers and make them feel happy. Tom really likes his job.

2. Simple past

2.1. You can use for:

2.1.1. Action in the pass.

2.1.2. For stative verbs.

2.2. Yesterday, Ago and Last.

2.3. Auxiliary verbs:

2.3.1. Did / Din't: all the subjects.

2.4. Types of verbs:

2.4.1. Regular: follow rules:

2.4.1.1. d: love = loved.

2.4.1.2. ed (consonant / CVC): stop = stopped.

2.4.1.3. ied (consonant + Y): enjoy = enjoyed.

2.4.2. Irregular: don't follow the rules:

2.4.2.1. To see: saw.

2.4.2.2. To go: went.

2.4.2.3. To make: made.

2.5. Structure

2.5.1. Affirmative: subject + verb + complement.

2.5.2. Negative: subject + auxiliary: + verb + complement.

2.5.3. Interrogative: auxiliary + subject + verb + complement?

2.6. Example (H7):

2.6.1. Debbie's interview

2.6.2. Yesterday Debbie had a job interview. She went downtown to the company. The interview was for an accounting job. Debbie graduated university 3 months ago. Her interview was at 10:00 am. She woke up at 7:00 am and left her house before 8:00 am. She waited for the bus, but it was late. She was very worried because she did not want to be late for the interview. She tried to phone the company to warn them, but her phone battery was dead. When the bus arrived, it was almost 9:00 am. Then the bus was slow because there were many other cars. The bus finally arrived at Debbie’s stop at 9:45 am. Debbie ran from the bus stop to the office building. When she entered she saw a sign that said the company was on the 24th floor. The elevator ride took almost 5 minutes because many people stopped at different floors.

3. Present Continuous

3.1. You can use for:

3.1.1. Action in progress in the present.

3.1.2. Show something is to happen in the future.

3.2. Now, At the moment, At the present.

3.3. Verb to be:

3.3.1. Am: I.

3.3.2. Are: We, you, they.

3.3.3. Is: He, she, it.

3.4. Gerund: - ing:

3.4.1. Rules:

3.4.1.1. e: live = living.

3.4.1.2. ie: lie = lying.

3.4.1.3. CVC: stop = stopping.

3.5. Structure:

3.5.1. Affirmative: subject + verb to be + verb-ing + complement.

3.5.2. Negative: subject + verb to be + not + verb-ing + complement.

3.5.3. Interrogative: verb to be + subject + verb-ing + complement?

3.6. Example (H7)

3.6.1. It’s a rainy Saturday. It’s raining a lot and Mary and her family are spending the afternoon at home. Her uncles are visiting them.Mary and her father are in the living room. Mary is making a draw and her father, Mr.Harris,is surfing the net. They are also talking. Mary’s older brother, Peter, is in his bedroom playing computer games. He is a computer fanatic and he spends much time playing on the computer. His little brother, Jim is also in the living room. He is playing with his dinosaurs’ collection. Sometimes he teases Mary, he is a really naughty boy. Mary’s mother, Mrs. Harris, is in the kitchen preparing a snack for a ll of them. She is making some tea and talking to Mary’s uncles – Lucy and Tom. They are from the nearest town andstopped by to say hello. Fluffy, the family cat, is sleeping on the kitchen’s sofa. We can’t see him in the picture, but he is a true fluffy cat.

4. Past Continuous

4.1. You can use it for:

4.1.1. Changing situation in the pass.

4.1.2. Repeat actions in the pass.

4.1.3. Two actions at the same time in the past.

4.1.4. Something was happening at a given time in the past.

4.2. Constantly, Often, Rarely, While, When...

4.3. Verb to be (past):

4.3.1. Was / Wasn't: I, he, she, it.

4.3.2. Were / Weren't: we, you, they.

4.4. Structure:

4.4.1. Affirmative: subject + verb to be (past) + verb-ing + complement.

4.4.2. Negative: subject + verb to be (past) + not + verb-ing + complement.

4.4.3. Interrogative: verb to be (past) + subject + verb-ing + complement?

4.5. Example (H7):

4.5.1. Last month I was on holiday in Ireland with my mum and dad. One day, we were driving through a small village. It was time for lunch, so we stopped at a restaurant . It was a large , old builiding. We looked through the window. There were lots of people in the restaurant. They were eating , drinking and chatting . A musician was playing the violin. But there was something strange about the people . They weren't wearing normal , modern clothes. They were wearing hats, jackets and dresses from another century . We couldn't understand it. But we were hungry , so we opened the door . When we went into the restaurant, everything was different. The people were wearing normal clothes. The musician wasn't there- the music was on CD. It was a very strange experience!