St. Thomas Aquinas

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St. Thomas Aquinas 作者: Mind Map: St. Thomas Aquinas

1. Early Life

1.1. He is son of Landulph, count of Aquinowas and born circa 1225 in Roccasecca, Italy

1.2. He remained at the monastery until he was 13 years old, when the political climate forced him to return to Naples.

1.3. In Wisdom 8:19, Saint Thomas Aquinas is described as "a witty child" who "had received a good soul."

2. Education

2.1. He spent the next five years completing his primary education at a Benedictine house in Naples

2.2. He was ordained in Cologne, Germany, in 1250, and went on to teach theology at the University of Paris.

2.3. He secretly joined an order of Dominican monks

3. Philosophy

3.1. He devoted himself to a life of traveling, writing, teaching, public speaking and preaching.

3.2. He rejected Averroes's theory, asserting that "both kinds of knowledge ultimately come from God" and were therefore compatible

3.3. He identified three types of laws: natural, positive and eternal.

4. Major works

4.1. He wrote Summa Theologica is largely philosophical and followed by Summa Contra Gentiles

4.2. He is also known is also known for writing commentaries examining the principles of natural philosophy espoused in Aristotle's writings