Introduction To Information Technology

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Introduction To Information Technology создатель Mind Map: Introduction To Information Technology

1. Definition

1.1. The use of computer, hardware and software to store, retrieve and manipulate information

2. Advantages and Disadvantages

2.1. Advantages

2.1.1. Speed - many computers can process billions or trillions of operations in a single second. Data, instructions, and information flow incredibly fast speeds.

2.1.2. Reliability - the electronic components in computers are dependable and reliable because they rarely to break

2.1.3. Consistency - a computer with the same input will produce the same results consistently

2.1.4. Communication - computers can communicate wirelessly with other computer and allow users to communicate with one another

2.1.5. Storage - computers can store enormous amounts of data and make this data available for processing anytime is needed

2.2. Disadvantages

2.2.1. Violation of privacy - other person might steal our personal and confidential records if they were not protected properly

2.2.2. Public safety - we might be a victim to crime if we are exposing or sharing out photos, videos or other personal information publicly

2.2.3. Impact on labour force - many employee might jobless if their skills have been replaced by computers

2.2.4. Health risk - Prolonged or improper computer use can lead to health injuries. Behavioral health risks are computer addiction and technology over load

2.2.5. Impact on environment - computer manufacturing process and computer waste can cause pollution

3. Applications of Information Technology

3.1. Education

3.1.1. Learning Management System

3.1.2. Computer Based Training

3.2. Finance

3.2.1. Finance Investment System

3.2.2. Online Banking System

3.3. Government

3.3.1. E-Filling

3.3.2. E-Syariah

3.4. Health Care

3.4.1. Medline

3.4.2. Counter Registration System

3.5. Science

3.5.1. Vitural Reality

3.5.2. Cochlear Implant

3.6. Publishing

3.6.1. Online Newspaper & Online Magazine

3.7. Travel

3.7.1. GPS

3.7.2. E-Ticketing

3.8. Manufacturing

3.8.1. Computer-Aided Design

3.8.2. Computer Aided Manufacturing

4. Categories of Computers

4.1. Supercomputer

4.1.1. fastest and most powerful computer. capable to process more than one quadrillion instructions in a single second

4.1.2. The size occupy a full room of equipment

4.2. Mainframe

4.2.1. Large, expensive, powerful computer that can handle hundreds or thousands of connected user simultaneously

4.2.2. The size occupy partial room to a full room of equipment

4.3. Personal Computer

4.3.1. A computer that can perform all of its input, processing, output and storage activity by itself

4.3.2. the size fits on a desk

4.4. Mobile Computer and Devices

4.4.1. Mobile Computer - personal computer you can carry from place to place

4.4.1.1. the size fits on your lap or in your hand

4.4.2. Mobile Devices - computing device small enough to hold in your hand

4.4.2.1. the size fits in the palm of your hand or a pocket size

4.5. Embedded Computer

4.5.1. Special purpose computer that is function as a component in a larger product

4.5.1.1. it is a miniature