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English создатель Mind Map: English

1. Orientation

1.1. Verb To Be

1.1.1. Positive I am = I’m You are = You’re He is = He’s She is = She’s It is = It’s We are = We’re You are = You’re They are = They’re

1.1.1.1. Negative Negative I’m not You’re not ou You aren’t He’s not ou He isn’t She’s not ou She isn’t It’s not ou It isn’t We’re not ou We aren’t You’re not ou You aren’t They’re not ou They aren’t

1.1.1.1.1. Interrogative Am I? Are you? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are you? Are they?

1.2. Prepositions

1.2.1. Prepositions

1.2.2. Use "On" before days of the week Use "at" before the hours Use "in" with the months of the year Add an "s" at the end of the day when the action is repeated every week

1.2.2.1. He works on Mondays and friendys. He works at 1:30 p.m.

1.3. Numbers

1.3.1. 1 - one 2 - two 3 - three 4 - four 5 - five 6 - six 7 - seven 8 - eight 9 - nine 10 - ten 11 - eleven 12 - twelve 13 - thirteen 14 - fourteen 15 - fifteen 16 - sixteen 17 - seventeen 18 - eighteen 19 - nineteen 20 - twenty 21 - twenty-one 22 - twenty-two 23 - twenty-three 30 - thirty 40 - forty 50 - fifty 60 - sixty 70 - seventy 80 - eighty 90 - ninety 100 - one hundred* 101 - one hundred and one 200 - two hundred 300 - three hundred 1000 - one thousand 1,000,000 - one million 10,000,000 - ten millio

1.3.1.1. Ordinal Numbers 1st - first 2nd - second 3rd - third 4th - fourth 5th - fifth 6th - sixth 7th - seventh 8th - eighth 9th - ninth 10th - tenth 11th - eleventh 12th - twelfth 13th - thirteenth 14th - fourteenth 15th - fifteenth 16th - sixteenth 17th - seventeenth 18th - eighteenth 19th - nineteenth 20th - twentieth 21st - twenty-first 22nd - twenty-second 23rd - twenty-third 30th - thirtieth 40th - fortieth 50th - fiftieth 60th - sixtieth 70th - seventieth 80th - eightieth 90th - ninetieth 100th - hundredth 101st - hundred and first 200th - two hundredth 300th - three hundredth 1,000th - thousandth 1,000,000th - ten millionth

1.4. Time

1.5. WH Questions

1.5.1. 1. When = Quando 2. Where = Onde; De onde 3. Why = Por que 4. What = O que; Qual 5. What time = Que horas 6. Who = Quem 7. How = Como

1.5.1.1. Who are you? What is your name? Where are you from? Why do you study english? When is you birtday? How are you?

1.6. Seasons, Months and Days

1.6.1. Spring Summer Fall Winter

1.6.1.1. January February March April May June July August September October November December

1.6.1.1.1. Weekdays Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Weekend Saturday Sunday

1.7. Pronouns

1.7.1. I You He She It We You They

2. Yellow

2.1. Describin Peaple

2.1.1. I Have

2.1.1.1. Hair

2.1.1.1.1. Blond Black Gray Red

2.1.1.2. Eyes

2.1.1.2.1. Black Green Blue

2.1.2. I am

2.1.2.1. Weight

2.1.2.1.1. Fat Thin

2.1.2.2. Height

2.1.2.2.1. Tall Short

2.1.3. Exemples

2.1.3.1. My mother is short, she has blond hair and she black eyes. My father is tall, he hair black and he green eyes eyes My sister is short, she black straigh hair and your your eyes is black.

2.1.4. Vocabulary

2.1.4.1. Handsome - Male Beautylul - Female Ugly - Feio Gorgeus - Muito bonito Hot Muito - bonita Weak - Fraco Login Short Curly - Cacheado Straigh - Liso Cute - querido Old Young Muscular in shape Overweight Sobre peso Moustache

2.2. Tings i like to do

2.2.1. I Like I Love I Adore I Enjoy - prazer I Deslike - detesto I Don't like - não gosto I hate - odeio

2.2.2. Vocabulary

2.2.2.1. to hike Fazer Trilha to walk to camp acampar to jog cooper to run correr to work out Levantar peso the movies cinema naturale natureza sit araund and talk with folks sentar e falar com as pessoas to get out sair country pais ou zona rural to relax relaxar the theater teatro the opera opera to swim Nadar to be outside do lado de fora auditions Ensaio / teste

2.2.3. Para perguntar usa o DO

2.2.3.1. Do you like............? Do you enjoy.........?

2.3. PRESENTE - Present Continuos or Progressives ING (Fazendo) No Momento, agora.

2.3.1. Todos os verbos terminados em E tiramos o E acrescentamos o ING liking talking having playing

2.3.2. Regra para dobrar as letras Quando tiver consoante, vogal e consoante no final dobramos a ultima letra Running Letting Beginnig Swimming

2.3.3. Examples

2.3.3.1. You are fighting I am throwing a football She is suffering because her dog dieg They are paying attention to my class

2.3.4. Vocabulary

2.3.4.1. To fight - Lutar to throw - lançar to suffer - Sofrer To argue - discutir to pay attention - Prestar atençãoBoring - Chata rainy - chuvoso araund - em torno Hang - Enforcar Far - Longe Near - Perto Wast - Gastar (Wasting) I Wait - Esperar I Sit - sentar lonly - sozinho wonder - refletindo told and tell - falar heavy cloud - nuvem pesada heavy metal to happen - acontecer I'm stepping around - pisando em volta i'll = i will

2.3.5. Lemon Tree

2.4. PASSADO - Verbo to Be (Simple Past)

2.4.1. i was you were he was she was it was we were you were they were

2.4.1.1. Negative i were not you were not he were not she were not it were not we were not you were not they were not

2.4.1.1.1. Contraction wasn't weren't wasn't wasn't wasn't were't were't were't

2.4.2. Examples

2.4.2.1. Afirmative He was at school She was at home. They were at the theater

2.4.2.2. Negative He wasn't at school She wasn't at home they weren't at the thaster

2.4.2.3. Interrogative Was he at Scholl? yes, he was. / No, he wasn't were they at the theater? yes, they were / No, they weren't

2.5. FUTURO - Will - Traduz o verbo para o futuro

2.5.1. I Will He Will She Will It Will We Will You Will They Will

2.5.1.1. Will Not or Won't

2.5.2. Vocabulary

2.5.2.1. To Slice To Spread - Espalhar A Stick - Bastão To Crush - Esmagar A Filling - Completar Hot Water Botlle To die - morrer dead - morto alone - Sozinho to lie - mentir to rest - descençar a stone - uma pedra rock - rocha. dear - veado less - menos restless - menos descanço RIP - Rest in peace (Descance em paz) Like = Como quando comparação

2.5.3. Exemplos:

2.5.3.1. I Will travel next year - Eu vou viajar no proximo ano

2.5.3.2. I Will not traval next year.

2.5.3.3. Will you travel next year?

2.5.3.4. What will you do on your next vacation?

2.5.3.5. If i win the loterry, i will buy a Ferrari - Se eu ganha na loteria, eu vou comprar uma Ferrari.

2.5.3.6. I Will be beatiful

2.6. Pronomes Possessivo Substantivo

2.6.1. Pronome possesivo substantivo Podemos utilizar para dizer a mesma coisa, exemplo Aquele não é o meu carro (That is not my car.) O Meu é preto(Mine is black)

2.6.1.1. Pronomes

2.7. Vocabulary

2.7.1. Almientação - MEALS

2.7.1.1. Aplicativo: Elavate Vocabulary Rice Beans Bronw Rice Pasta Patato Tomato Lettuce Beef Chicken Fish Turkey Brest-Peru Peito Pork Cabb Onion - Cebola Garlic- Alho Pancakes Eggs Oatmeal - Aveia Cereal Honey- Mel Milk Sugar/Swetner Salt Chocolate Powder (Chocolate em pó) Fuit Salad

3. Green

3.1. Present Perfect

3.1.1. HAVE or HAS + the PAST PARTICIPLE of the verb.

3.1.1.1. I, YOU, WE or THEY = HAVE

3.1.1.1.1. EX: I HAVE CRIED twice this week

3.1.1.1.2. Negative: HAVEN'T

3.1.1.1.3. Interrogative: Have I

3.1.1.1.4. Contraction: I've / You've / we've / they've

3.1.1.1.5. Short Answares: Yes, I Have

3.1.1.2. HE, SHE or IT = HAS

3.1.1.2.1. EX: HE HAS IMPRESSED his teacher

3.1.1.2.2. Negative: HASN'T

3.1.1.2.3. Inerrogative: Has she

3.1.1.2.4. Contraction: He's / She's / It's

3.1.1.2.5. Short Answare: No, he hasn't

3.1.1.3. Palavra que demonstram que a frase esta no Present Perfect

3.1.1.3.1. Ever, Never, Since, How Long, Yet

3.2. Simple Past

3.2.1. Regular Verbs

3.2.1.1. Todos os verbos terminados em ED, Regras:

3.2.1.1.1. Terminados em D adiciona E. Ex:

3.2.1.1.2. Terminados em consoantes add ED. EX:

3.2.1.1.3. Terminados em Y, remove o Y e add ied. EX:

3.2.1.1.4. Terminados em consoantes, duplica consoante final e add ED. Ex:

3.2.2. Irrgeular Verbs

3.2.2.1. Lista de Verbos Irregulares INFINITIVO PASSADO SIMPLES PARTICÍPIO PASSADO TRADUÇÃO to arise arose arisen erguer, levantar to awake awoke awoken acordar, despertar-se to be was / were been ser, estar, ficar to bear bore borne suportar, aguentar to beat beat beaten bater, superar, vencer, derrotar, espancar to become became become tornar-se to begin began begun começar, iniciar to bet bet bet apostar to bite bit bitten morder to bleed bled bled sangrar to break broke broken quebrar to bring brought brought trazer to build built built construir to burn burnt/burned burnt/burned queimar to buy bought bought comprar to cast cast cast lançar to catch caught caught pegar, agarrar to choose chose chosen escolher to come came come vir to cost cost cost custar to cut cut cut cortar to deal dealt dealt tratar, lidar to dig dug dug cavar, escavar to do did done fazer to draw drew drawn desenhar, traçar, puxar, arrastar to dream dreamt / dreamed dreamt / dreamed sonhar to drink drank drunk beber to drive drove driven dirigir, guiar to eat ate eaten comer to fall fell fallen cair, desaguar, abater-se, decrescer, diminuir to feed fed fed alimentar, nutrir to feel felt felt sentir, notar to fight fought fought lutar, brigar to find found found achar, encontrar to fit fitted fitted servir, ajustar, adaptar, caber, assentar. to fly flew flown voar to forbid forbade forbidden proibir to forget forgot forgotten esquecer(-se) to forgive forgave forgiven perdoar to freeze froze frozen congelar, gelar to get got got / gotten obter, conseguir to give gave given dar to go went gone ir to grow grew grown crescer, florescer, germinar to hang hung hung pendurar, suspender to have had had ter, possuir to hear heard heard ouvir, escutar, ter notícias to hide hid hidden esconder(-se), ocultar to hit hit hit bater, chocar-se to hold held held segurar, agarrar to hurt hurt hurt ferir(-se), machucar to keep kept kept manter, conservar, preservar to know knew known saber, conhecer to lay laid laid pôr, colocar, derrubar, deitar to lead led led conduzir, liderar, dirigir, comandar to learn learnt / learned learnt / learned aprender, ficar sabendo to leave left left partir, deixar, sair to lend lent lent emprestar to let let let permitir, deixar to lie lay lain deitar, jazer to lose lost lost perder to light lit lit acender, iluminar

3.2.3. For questions use de auxiliary DID and verb in the base form

3.2.3.1. Did I Make? Did you change? Did he finish did she start? did it end? did we help? did you go back? Did they travel?

3.2.3.1.1. For negative use didn't

3.2.4. Short Answares user: Yes, I Did / No, I Didn't

3.3. Comparativos

3.3.1. Equality

3.3.1.1. AS + Adjective + as

3.3.1.1.1. Ex: She is as tall as her sister

3.3.2. Superiority

3.3.2.1. Long Adjective

3.3.2.1.1. More + adjective + than

3.3.2.2. Short Adjective

3.3.2.2.1. Adjective + ER + than

3.3.3. Inferiority

3.3.3.1. Less + Adjective + than

3.3.3.1.1. Ex: Lucky is less beautiful than Lydia.

3.4. Superlativos

3.4.1. Long

3.4.1.1. The most + Adjective

3.4.1.1.1. She is the most intelligent girl in her class

3.4.2. Short

3.4.2.1. The + adjective + est

3.4.2.1.1. Bill is the Tallest boy in the school

3.5. Can and Could

3.5.1. CAN

3.5.1.1. Use CAN para possibilidades ou habilidades

3.5.1.1.1. Ex: He can help. / I can't think smoke / Can you help?

3.5.1.2. Não Use CAN para Silple Future and Present Perfect, use be able to

3.5.1.3. Se a frase tive TO nunca pode ser usado o CAN

3.5.2. COULD

3.5.2.1. Usamos o Could para falar sobre coisas que foram possíveis no passado

3.5.2.1.1. Ex: I Could swim when I was 5 years old.

3.5.3. Be able to

3.5.3.1. Simple Present

3.5.3.1.1. Ser capaz de...

3.5.3.2. Simple Futuro

3.5.3.2.1. Will be able to

3.5.3.3. Present Perfect

3.5.3.3.1. Have/has been able to

3.6. Simple Present

3.6.1. Do and Does

4. Expert

4.1. Conditionals*

4.1.1. 1

4.1.1.1. Frase: IF (Frase no presente), will.....

4.1.1.1.1. EX: Se eu ganhar na loteria eu vou ficar rico

4.1.2. 2

4.1.2.1. Frase: If (Frase no passado), would......

4.1.2.1.1. Ex: Se eu ganhasse na loteria eu ficaria rico

4.1.3. 3

4.1.3.1. Frase: If (Frase no past perfect), would have (verbo no participio)

4.1.3.1.1. Se eu tivesse ganhado na loteria eu teria teria sido rico

4.2. Gerunds

4.2.1. 1

4.2.2. 2

4.2.3. 3

4.3. Used To

4.4. Past Progressive

4.5. Imperatives*

4.5.1. Sujeito é oculto e é YOU (Faça isso, não faça aquilo!

4.5.1.1. Negative

4.5.1.1.1. Do not kill people

4.5.1.2. Afirmative

4.5.1.2.1. Save the planet

4.6. Past Modals

4.7. Reflexive Pronouns

4.8. Reported Speech

4.9. Conectors

4.10. Present Perfect

4.11. Passive Voice*

4.11.1. Active

4.11.1.1. Subject + verb + Object

4.11.1.1.1. Ex: Eu comprei um sofá

4.11.2. Passive

4.11.2.1. Subject + verb to be(Tempo verbal da frase nativa) + verb participle + by subject

4.11.2.1.1. Ex: Um sofá foi comprado por mim

4.12. Should* = Deveria

4.12.1. Usado para conselhos

4.12.1.1. Você deveria ter um cachorro, eles são muito legais

4.12.1.1.1. You should have a dog, they are very cool

4.13. Have got

4.14. Want to / Wanna