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1960s, important humans создатель Mind Map: 1960s, important humans



2.1. john fucking kennedy

2.2. hey hey LBJ

2.3. tricky dick lol

2.4. FDR

3. ART

3.1. Jasper Johns (Flag, 1954-55) - Groundbreaking AbEx Artist. Flag was painted on bedsheets mounted to wood panels w embedded newsprint and arranged as an American flag

3.1.1. FOCUS QUIZ 14

3.2. Marcel DuChamp: did the urinal thing. his "readymades" used basic everyday objects and turned them into art.

3.3. René Magritte: "This is not a pipe." displayed 1929 at Sidney Janis Gallery. Influenced Jasper Johns v much.

3.4. Leo Castelli: influential gallerist ran Jasper Johns first solo show

3.5. Allan Kaprow: 18 Happenings in 6 Parts, 1959. born in NJ, went to boarding school in Tuscon AZ. NYU graduate 1949. also studied at Hans Hoffman's painting school. Masters at Columbia in 1952. Taught at Rutgers, SUNY, Stony Brook, UC San Diego. famous for collages and assemblages from quick work. John Cage's 4'33" was inspiring. Wanted to continue Jackson Pollock's legacy, passionate abt Pollock. Hans Namuth captured his process in 1950 and released it in 1951. Oct 1959, Reuben Gallery 18 Happenings in 6 parts. wood, sheets, plastic, and canvas. attendees were moving room to room and later became even more involved in the Happenings. Susan Sontag critiqued happenings in 1962. Theater Piece No. 1, @ black mountain college in NC in 1952 by john cage was a powerful influence to kaprow. Oldenberg and Dine also did Happenings. hard to comprehend bc they were not well recorded. basically, "you had to be there."

3.5.1. FOCUS QUIZ 15


4.1. Charles Strauss and Lee Adams

4.1.1. Creators of Bye Bye Birdie

4.2. John Cage

4.2.1. Avant-garde composer, seemed to remove composer control, philosopher, challenged rules of how music should sound, used graphic notation

4.3. Benjamin Britton

4.3.1. Composed traditional music

4.4. Leonard Bernstein

4.4.1. West Side Story; Young People's Concerts

4.5. Pierre Boulez

4.5.1. Aleatoric Music (chance music)

4.6. Krysztof Penderecki

4.6.1. Polish musician; Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima

4.7. John Coltrane

4.7.1. Jazz musician, Giant Steps (1959), used complex chord changes with fast series of notes and improvisation

4.8. Miles Davis

4.8.1. Kind of Blue; modal jazz

4.9. Charles Mingus

4.9.1. Fables of Faubus, civil rights and segregation, inspired other musicians to write political pieces

4.10. Bernard Herman

4.10.1. created Psycho film score that was the first to have a psychological mood, making it influential

4.11. Arnold Schoenberg

4.11.1. Concluded that music had become so chromatic that the next step was to "free" dissonance from the need to resolve the tonic

4.12. Anton Webern and Alban Berg

4.12.1. Arnold Schoenberg's proteges

4.13. Luigi Rusollo

4.13.1. Sought to generate and categorize "noises"

4.14. Ornette Coleman; "free jazz" musician of the 1950s.



6.1. John Maynard Keynes

6.2. from le 1960s:

6.2.1. JFK:

6.2.2. LBJ:

6.2.3. walter heller chairman of the council of econ... somewhere in section 3

6.2.4. okun argued recessions were not inevitable, but fundamentally preventable like airplane crashes unlike hurricanes

6.2.5. a.w. phillips paper on wage inflation and unemployment in UK 1867-1951 low unemployment causes a "tight" labor market -> employers increased wages to attract workers

6.2.6. william mcchesney martin jr chairman of federal reserve's board of governors 1951-1970 confrontation w johnson

6.2.7. robert higgs economic historian