Japanese Americans

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Japanese Americans Door Mind Map: Japanese Americans

1. Reasons for immigration to the United States

1.1. Chinese immigration was reduced to a trickle, and large companies and farmers needed an abundance of cheap labor.

1.1.1. Asian American History – Japanese American Citizens League

1.2. Planters liked importing Japanese workers because they believed they offset the Chinese workers by preventing strikes and the formation of unions.

1.2.1. Asian American History – Japanese American Citizens League

1.3. Japanese were mistaken for Chinese during the early years of their immigration because of their physical similarities.

1.3.1. https://jacl.org/asian-american-history/

1.4. Japanese dreamed of better opportunities and searched for peace and prosperity.

1.4.1. The History of Japanese Immigration to the United States

2. Early experiences in the United States

2.1. Japanese sought jobs as industrial fishermen, miners, loggers and service workers.

2.1.1. Asian American History – Japanese American Citizens League

2.2. Anti-Japanese movement and a 1906 San Francisco school board order segregating Japanese American students due to the increase of Japanese in California.

2.2.1. Japanese Americans - History, Modern era, Migration to hawaii and america

2.3. Issei had few chances for education or good paying jobs at home and hoped to save some of the money they earned working in Hawaii.

2.3.1. Japanese immigrants

2.4. Most had intentions to return to Japan, but saw their sojourn as a quick path to wealth and responsibility.

2.4.1. Japanese - Introduction - Immigration...- Classroom Presentation | Teacher Resources - Library of Congress

3. Current reality in the United States

3.1. Over 46,000 Japanese immigrants, including many elderly Issei, became naturalized citizens by 1965.

3.1.1. Japanese Americans - History, Modern era, Migration to hawaii and america

3.2. Japanese Americans experience problems that are a direct result of racially-based misconceptions that some members of the majority population hold.

3.2.1. Japanese Americans - History, Modern era, Migration to hawaii and america

3.3. Many 2nd and 3rd generation Japanese have moved to the suburbs and many 3rd and 4th generation Japanese are not literate in the Japanese language.

3.3.1. Japanese Americans - History, Modern era, Migration to hawaii and america

3.4. Despite their drive to assimilate, many Japanese Americans have clung to core Japanese traditions and values.

3.4.1. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/japanese-americans-still-grapple-withmixed-legacy/2012/03/02/gIQAN3HEAS_story.html?utm_term=.bcc9ba2c0a87

4. Common stereotypes

4.1. Many white Americans think of Japanese Americans as a "model minority" because of their reputation for hard work and high educational attainment.

4.1.1. Japanese Americans - History, Modern era, Migration to hawaii and america

4.2. Japanese are often thought to be subservient, docile, and polite.

4.2.1. 15 Stereotypes all Japanese People Hate

4.3. At the outset of the 20th century, Asian Americans were seen as threatening, exotic, and degenerate.

4.3.1. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/11/29/the-real-reason-americans-stopped-spitting-on-asian-americans-and-started-praising-them/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.52ed7f74bdb7

4.4. Degrading terms such as Jap and Tojo were frequently used in American anti-Japanese propaganda, especially following Pearl Harbor and WWII.

4.4.1. These Anti-Japanese Signs From World War II Are A Warning Against Bigotry Today

5. Japanese Americans

6. Immigrant Workers

7. Attaining Citizenship

8. Segregation and Discrimination