Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation

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Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation により Mind Map: Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation

1. Causes

1.1. The communist North Korean armed forces invaded the democratic South Korea

1.2. The United Nations asked it's members to send some of their forces to resolve the conflict between the two countries. Canada got involved because they were a member of the United Nations

2. Causes

2.1. After WWII, the United States and the Soviet Nation competed to be the strongest nation in the world

2.2. Canada chose United States's side because they were a closer ally to them

3. Consequences

3.1. Canada's relation with the U.S. improved

4. Consequences

4.1. Casulties

4.1.1. More than 44,000 Canadians lost their lives

4.1.2. An estimated 54,000 Canadian soldiers were wounded.

4.2. Economy

4.2.1. The financial cost of the war was $21,786,077,519.13

4.2.2. Canada supplied many resources and raw materials to the war and thus their economy boomed, despite their debt of over $10 million dollars. The supplies Canada gave to the war had to be made in large supplies fast, resulting in many factories across Canada. The War also got them out of the Depression

4.3. Women

4.3.1. Could participate in the war by being a nurse, joining the Canadian Women’s Army Corps, joining the Canadian Women’s Auxiliary Air Force, and joining the Women’s Royal Canadian Naval Service

4.3.2. Some were promoted to higher positions so now they had more respect and authority from men

4.3.3. More jobs and not expected to give up those jobs when the war was over

4.3.4. Free child care was provided to women with certain jobs

5. Causes

5.1. Treaty of Versailles

5.1.1. stated Germany is to blame for WWI Germany has to pay $33 billion ($450 billion today) France and England get most of Germany's colonies The League of Nations is created with economic sanctions as their main tool Alsace-Lorraine goes to France, Rhineland stays German but demilitirazied Germany's army is limited to 100,000 men, no tanks, no planes, no submarines

5.1.2. The treaty was very harsh against Germany. Germany was forced to "accept the responsibility" of the war damages suffered by the Allies. The treaty required that Germany pay a huge sum of money called reparations. The problem with the treaty is that it left the German economy in ruins. People were starving and the government was in chaos.

5.2. Fascism

5.2.1. some countries were taken over by dictators who formed powerful fascist governments. These dictators wanted to expand their empires and began to look for new lands to conquer.

5.3. Japanese militarism and invasions of China

5.3.1. Japan was lacking resources and seeing the vast natural resources to be found in China and seeing her obvious weakness, invaded and occupied Manchuria.

5.4. Hitler and his Nazi Party

5.5. Appeasement

5.5.1. When countries such as Italy and Germany became aggressive and began to take over their neighbors and build up their armies, countries such as Britain and France hoped to keep peace through "appeasement." This meant that they tried to make Germany and Hitler happy rather than try to stop him. They hoped that by meeting his demands he would be satisfied and there wouldn't be any war.

5.6. The Great Depression

5.6.1. The period before World War II was a time of great economic suffering throughout the world called the Great Depression. Many people were out of work and struggling to survive. This created unstable governments and worldwide turmoil that helped lead to World War II.

5.7. Britain and France declaring war on Germany after it invaded Poland (Germany had already taken over Austria and Czechoslovakia) in September 1939.

5.7.1. Alliances The Allies United States Britain France USSR Australia Belgium Brazil Canada China Denmark Greece Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland South Africa Yugoslavia Axis powers Germany Italy Japan Hungary Romania Bulgaria

5.8. Canada made the decision of joining the war independently, they were not automatically entered in the war when Britain declared war on Germany

6. Causes

6.1. Direct Cause

6.1.1. The direct cause of WWI was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914.

6.2. Background Cause

6.2.1. M: Militarism The belief in building up a strong armed forces to prepare your country for war.

6.2.2. A: Alliances Countries agreed to support one another in case of an attack. 2 alliances would emerge. Triple Entente (Allied Powers) Triple Alliance (Central Powers)

6.2.3. I: Imperialism Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Russia all scrambles for colonies in Africa, Asia and the Pacific. Each nation wanted new trade markets and the raw materials of these new regions.

6.2.4. N: Nationalism Pride or devotion to one's country. Nationalism encouraged unity, and also would put nation against nation.

6.3. Canada's Cause

6.3.1. When Britain declared war, Canada was automatically involved

7. Consequences

7.1. Casulties

7.1.1. Close to 56,000 Canadians were killed during the war

7.1.2. 172,000 Canadian soldiers were wounded

7.2. Economy

7.2.1. The financial cost of the war was $1,665,576,000 (which is worth more now)

7.2.2. Because of the war, Canada had to pay $164 million per year to pay off their debt. This cause the introduction of the modern day income tax.

7.2.3. They could participate in the war by being a nurse

7.3. Women

7.3.1. Women related to soldiers could now vote

7.3.2. Because of the shortage of men during the war, some women got jobs

7.3.3. Their contributions during the war also earned them more respect

8. World War I

9. World War II

10. Causes and Consequences of Canada's participation in war

11. Cold War

12. Korean War

13. Consequences

13.1. Canadian casualties totalled 1,558 including 516 who died

14. Afghanistan War

15. Causes

15.1. The war was a response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, and was intended to defeat the Taliban government and rout Al-Qaeda.

16. Consequences

16.1. A total of 158 Canadian Forces personnel have been killed in the war since 2002

16.2. The war cost Ottawa at least $18-billion

17. South African War

18. Causes

18.1. Britain was against German and Dutch settlers to control the diamond mines. They asked Canada for help and some volunteers were sent

19. Consequences

19.1. 267 were killed

19.2. This sets up a precedent of helping Britian