Gender Discrimination in STEM Education

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Gender Discrimination in STEM Education により Mind Map: Gender Discrimination in STEM Education

1. Citations on examples

1.1. "...the teacher announced that the boys would be graded on the “boy curve,” while the one girl would be graded on the “girl curve”. Why are There Still so Few Women in Science?

1.2. “The boys in my group don’t take anything I say seriously,” one astrophysics major complained. Why are There Still so Few Women in Science?

1.3. In the mid-1990s a committee M.I.T. “was often accompanied by differences in salary, space, awards, resources and response to outside offers between men and women faculty, with women receiving less..." Why are There Still so Few Women in Science?

1.4. "In February 2012, the American Institute of Physics published a survey of 15,000 male and female physicists across 130 countries. In almost all cultures, the female scientists received less financing, lab space, office support and grants for equipment and travel, ..." Why are There Still so Few Women in Science?

2. Reasons

2.1. Underappreciation

2.2. Loneliness & Exclusion in workplace& educational settings

2.3. Discrimination in hiring& academic advancement

2.4. Stereotyping in popular culture

2.5. Discouragement from teachers/parents

2.6. Social pressure & different expectations from women

3. My experience/observation

3.1. On employer of a big tech company in San Francisco tells my friend "of course we want to offer you an intership, there is not many beautiful girls in the business, you know.." I find this comment proving the discrimination against women in STEM.

3.2. In Turkey, teachers and parents usually encourages daughter to be teachers, because teachers have long holidays: they will have enough time to take care of their family in the future.

3.3. Turkish culture such as in TV shows would assume that men are better in science whereas girls are not.

4. Citations on reasons

4.1. "women were leaving the profession... because of the slow drumbeat of being underappreciated, feeling uncomfortable and encountering roadblocks along the path to success." Why are There Still so Few Women in Science?

4.2. "Employers simply find male employess more suitable for the job" Women Fleeing Tech Field: Causes and Solutions

4.3. "...it affects social life and relationships for women: The minute they find out, I can see the guys turn away.” Why are There Still so Few Women in Science?

4.3.1. Included

4.3.2. Included

4.3.3. Excluded

4.4. About TV show Big Bang Theory: "And what remotely normal young woman would want to imagine herself as dowdy, socially clueless Amy rather than as stylish, bouncy, math-and-science-illiterate Penny? " Why are There Still so Few Women in Science?

4.5. Meg Urry tells in Why are There Still so Few Women in Science: "there’s always a woman who comes up to me and says … I wanted to become a physicist, but no one encouraged me..”

4.6. “...there were two people in his field, a woman and a man, and this colleague assumed the man must be the better mathematician, but the woman has gone on to do better work." Why are There Still so Few Women in Science?

5. Examples

5.1. Discrimination from teachers: "boy curve & girl curve"

5.1.1. Project specifications

5.1.2. End User requirements

5.1.3. Action points sign-off

5.2. Lack of respect from male classmates/colleagues

5.2.1. Define actions as necessary

5.3. Bias in employment

5.4. Inequalities in financing and social support

6. Possible Solutions

6.1. Improve curriculum

6.2. Establish organizations and clubs for women

6.3. Improve gender equality in admissions to STEM programs

6.4. Raise consciousness among educators/researchers/ parents/society

6.5. Inspiration & Female role models

6.6. Increase positive reinforcement and encouragement for success

7. Citations on Solutions

7.1. "...it is important for schools to have quality science programs that utilize hands-on materials and experiments, .."How Can We Encourage More Girls to Love Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM)?

7.1.1. Dependencies

7.1.2. Milestones

7.2. and girl-centered science clubs like the GEMS club should be created to give them the confidence, support, and resources they need to achieve success. How Can We Encourage More Girls to Love Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM)?

7.2.1. Schedule

7.2.2. Budget

7.3. Successful female scientists should be invited to speak to classes How Can We Encourage More Girls to Love Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM)?

7.3.1. KPI's

7.4. Parents can also help encourage their daughters by purchasing science toys, kits, and equipment for them as well as help them to do simple experiments at home or for science fair projects. How Can We Encourage More Girls to Love Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM)?

8. Created by: Hale Hande Demirel Submitted to: Dr. Kevin J. Grazian at University of San Francisco, Intersession 2015 References: "Why are There Still so Few Women in Science?" " Women Fleeing Tech Field: Causes and Solutions." "How Can We Encourage More Girls to Love Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM)?"