INSDSG 602 Learning Theories

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INSDSG 602 Learning Theories により Mind Map: INSDSG 602 Learning Theories

1. An Introduction to Learning Theories.

1.1. Behaviorism

1.1.1. Pavlov's Dog

1.1.1.1. Classical Conditioning

1.1.1.1.1. Associative Learning

1.1.2. B.F. Skinner's Operant Conditioning

1.1.2.1. Punishment & Reward

1.1.2.1.1. Positive & Negative Reinforcement

1.1.2.2. Instrumental Conditioning

1.2. Cognitivism

1.2.1. The Brain as Computer

1.2.1.1. The "Black Box"

1.2.2. Memory, Remembering

1.2.2.1. Recall, Recognition, Relearning

1.2.2.2. Amnesia

1.2.2.2.1. Clive Wearing

1.3. Constructivism

1.3.1. Social Constructivism

1.3.1.1. Shakespeare Example

1.3.1.2. Reality

1.3.1.2.1. Constructed by activity

1.3.1.3. Knowledge

1.3.1.3.1. Human Product

1.3.1.4. Learning

1.3.1.4.1. Social Process

1.3.1.5. Intersubjectivity

1.3.1.6. Social Context

1.3.2. Jerome Bruner

1.3.2.1. Enactive

1.3.2.1.1. Action

1.3.2.2. Iconic

1.3.2.2.1. Image

1.3.2.3. Symbolic

1.3.2.3.1. Language

1.3.2.4. Bruner vs. Vykotsky

1.3.2.4.1. Scaffolding or ZPD

1.3.2.5. Bruner vs. Piaget

1.3.2.5.1. Children are: Pre-adapted to learning

1.3.2.5.2. Natural Curiosity

1.3.2.5.3. Cognitive Structures Develop over Time

1.3.2.5.4. Learning happens through active participation.

1.4. Connectivism

1.4.1. George Siemens

1.4.1.1. Digital Age Learning

1.4.1.1.1. Connect Information

1.4.1.1.2. Collaborate beyond classroom

1.4.2. Diversity of Opinions

1.4.2.1. Debate

1.4.2.2. Knowledge is Expanding

1.4.2.3. Perspectives

1.4.2.4. Connection