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MODALS 1 da Mind Map: MODALS 1

1. Must / have to / need

1.1. USES •We use must + base form to express personal obligation in the present/future •We use have to + base form to express external obligation in the present/future •We use need to + base form to express necessity in the present or future

1.2. EXAMPLES 1) I must finish this by tonight 🌃 2) You have to drive on the left when you're in England 🚙 3) I need to know how many people will be at the seminar 📖

2. Mustn't / can't

2.1. USE •We use mustn't / can't + base form to express prohibition

2.2. EXAMPLE 1) You mustn't park here ⛲🎡

3. Don't have to / don't need to / needn't

3.1. USES •We use + base form to express lack of obligation/necessity in the present or future •We use + base form to express absence of necessity in the past

3.2. EXAMPLES 1) She doesn't need to buy us presents 🎁🎁 2) I didn't have to need to pick up the kids from school 👦👧🏫

4. Should / ought to

4.1. USES • To ask for a give advice • To express an opinion • To make a suggestion • To express mild obligation

4.2. EXAMPLES 1) You should go to work on time⏰ 2) She should be more careful when she drives 🏍🚗 3) Should I apologize to Jonh for shouting at him? 🤝🙇‍♀️

5. Should(n't) + have + past participle

5.1. USES • To express regret about something that didn't happen in the past • To express criticism about somebody's behavior • To express regret about something that happened in the past

5.2. EXAMPLES 1) We should have come home earlier 🏡 2) You should have called me and let me know you weren't coming ☎️ 3) I shouldn't have borrowed money from Larry 💰💰

6. Had better

6.1. USES • To give strong advice • It often expresses threat or warning and it's stronger than should/ought to

6.2. EXAMPLES 1) You'd better ask a doctor about it 👨‍⚕️ 2) You'd better not lie to me again😖🤐