demonstrative pronouns

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demonstrative pronouns por Mind Map: demonstrative pronouns

1. these

1.1. These chocolates are delicious. (plural)

1.2. These are our children. (plural)

2. this

2.1. This car is new.

2.2. This is my car.

2.3. This is my sister.

2.3.1. Included

2.3.2. Included

2.3.3. Excluded

3. those

3.1. Those flowers are beautiful. (plural)

3.2. Those are my shoes. (plural)

4. that

4.1. Jim wrote that. (That is the direct object of the sentence.)

4.1.1. Materials

4.1.2. Personel

4.1.3. Services

4.1.4. Duration

4.2. That is our house. (singular)

5. Present vs. Past If an action is near in time we tend to use this / these. If an action has finished or is in the past we use that / those

6. Demonstrative Adjectives and Demonstrative Pronouns use the same words. The easiest way to know that difference is that Demonstrative Adjectives are always before a noun while Demonstrative Pronouns are before a verb or by themselves. This book is old. (Demonstrative Adjective + Noun) This is new. (Demonstrative Pronoun + Verb) Did you like that? (Demonstrative Pronoun by itself)