Demonstrative Pronouns

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Demonstrative Pronouns por Mind Map: Demonstrative Pronouns

1. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS Pronouns can be a tricky. There are so many of them plus they fall into different categories and have different purposes. To make things even more confusing certain pronouns can be used as other parts of speech. But of all the pronoun categories, demonstrative pronouns seem to cause the most bafflement. Let’s take a closer look at demonstrative pronouns. What are Demonstrative Pronouns? Demonstrative pronouns are those that identify or point to a thing or things and occasionally persons. They can be both singular and plural and they refer to nouns that are either nearby or far away in time or space. What does that mean exactly? First of all, there are only four demonstrative pronouns – this, that, these, those. This and thatrefer to singular nouns and these and those identify plural nouns. The singular this and the plural these refer to a person or thing near the speaker. The singular that and the plural those refer to a person or thing far away from the speaker. Let’s look at some examples to get a clearer picture of this. Examples of Demonstrative Pronouns This is ridiculous. (This refers to an object or event close to the speaker.) That is ridiculous. (That refers to an object or event farther away in space or time.) These are ridiculous. (These refer to objects close to the speaker.) Those are ridiculous. (Those refer to objects farther away in space and time.) More examples I really like this. This smells heavenly. That costs way too much money. I heard that. These look perfect. I’ll buy these. Those belong over there. I own those. These are nicer than those. Is this yours? Did you see that? That is one way to do it. Is that right? That is incorrect.

2. This and that are used to point to one object. This points to something nearby, while that points to something “over there.” Examples: This dog is mine. This is mine. That dog is hers. That is hers. These and those refer to more than one object. These points to things nearby, while those points to things “over there.” Examples: These babies have been smiling for a while. These are mine. Those babies in the nursery have been crying for hours. Those are yours.