7 Aspects of Civilization

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7 Aspects of Civilization von Mind Map: 7 Aspects of Civilization

1. Arts and Education

1.1. Sumeria

1.1.1. First writing system

1.1.2. Math including Geometry

1.1.3. Statues, use of arches, ramps and columns

1.1.4. Lots of ruins and artifacts

2. Religion

2.1. Sumeria

2.1.1. Polytheism

2.1.2. Priests held a large status

2.1.3. Were nature gods transformed into city gods

2.1.4. Deities became more anthropocentric

2.2. Shang Zhou

2.2.1. Believed in afterlife

2.2.2. Huge on Ancestor worship

2.2.3. Use of oracle bones

2.2.4. Their tombs had bronze, and jade. Also hundreds of sacrificed prisoners of war who was burned with their ruler

3. Government & Leaders

3.1. Sumeria

3.1.1. Kings and priests on top, then land owners merchants artisans farmers

3.1.2. Cities in 3000 BC

3.2. Shang Zhou

3.2.1. Ananarchy, kings surrounded by court

3.2.2. Agricultural society

3.2.3. Ruled by the Mandate of Heaven principle

3.2.4. Kings and emperors were the top

4. Geography & Agriculture

4.1. Sumeria

4.1.1. Between Tigris and Euphrates rivers

4.1.2. In mesopotamia, fertile crescent

4.1.3. Grew wheat and barley

4.1.4. Built Ziggurats

4.1.5. Started farming at  5500 BC

4.2. Shang Zhou

4.2.1. Centered on Huang He valley

4.2.2. Started growing crops 9000 years ago

4.2.3. Temperate climates

4.2.4. Two major rivers: Chang Jiang and Yangzi

5. Economy & Trade

5.1. Sumeria

5.1.1. Traded with people from Southwest Asia & beyond

5.1.2. Lacked raw materials (woods and metals)

5.1.3. The Sumerian economy was based on aguraculture

5.1.4. Iron was smelted

5.1.5. Potters decorated pots with ceder oil paints

5.1.6. Used slaves, although they wern't a major part

5.1.7. Wheel was invented for carts

5.2. Shang Zhou

5.2.1. Iron was the backbone of  their economy

5.2.2. Began to grow when people started to fish in fresh waters

5.2.3. Had great importance to aguraculture

5.2.4. Handcraft industry

5.2.5. Had silk

6. Social Structure & Family

6.1. Sumeria

6.1.1. Woman stayed home but the men went off to work

6.1.2. Had social classes

6.1.3. Has upper class, merchants and slavery

6.1.4. Woman were not free

6.1.5. Slaves made up the majority of the population

6.1.6. A corporation run by the priests became the largest land owners

6.2. Shang Zhou

6.2.1. Empire

6.2.2. Regional rulers and wealthy land owners

6.2.3. Farmers

6.2.4. Slaves

6.2.5. The king and emperor were the top rankings

7. Science & Technology

7.1. Sumeria

7.1.1. Irragation

7.1.2. The weel

7.1.3. Pottery

7.1.4. Sewing

7.1.5. The plow for farming

7.1.6. Used bronze for tools and weapons

7.1.7. Large medical knowledge, performed surgeries

7.2. Shang Zhou

7.2.1. Made calender

7.2.2. Money system

7.2.3. Used iron

7.2.4. Had huge buildings