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EBOLA af Mind Map: EBOLA

1. Ebola is a deadly disease with occasional outbreaks that occur primarily on the African continent.

2. Currently, there is no specific medical treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever according to the CDC. The CDC recommends the following medical treatments for Ebola-infected patients: Providing intravenous fluids (IV) and balancing electrolytes (body salts) ... Treating other infections if they occur.

3. The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.

3.1. The first EVD outbreaks occurred in remote villages in Central Africa, near tropical rainforests. The 2014–2016 outbreak in West Africa was the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak since the virus was first discovered in 1976.

4. Why are mourners at burial ceremonies considered at risk of contracting Ebola?

4.1. Levels of Ebola virus remain high after death, thus bodies of those who have died from Ebola virus disease must be handled only by people wearing appropriate personal protective equipment and must be buried immediately. Who advises that bodies of people who may have died from Ebola virus disease should be handled only by trained burial teams, who are equipped to properly bury the dead, safely and with dignity.

5. How the Ebola virus spreads:

5.1. The virus spreads to people initially through direct contact with the blood, body fluids and tissues of animals.


7. What is the main cause of Ebola virus?

7.1. The exact cause of EVD is unknown. Scientists believe that it is animal-borne and most likely comes from bats, which transmit the Ebola virus to other animals and humans. There is no proof that mosquitos or other insects can transmit the virus.

8. Main symptoms of Ebola virus:

8.1. Initial symptoms include fever, headache, muscle pain, and chills. Later, a person may experience internal bleeding resulting in vomiting or coughing blood.

9. Ebola virus prevention

9.1. The best way to avoid Ebola is to stay away from areas where the virus is common. If you are in an outbreak area: Avoid infected people, their body fluids, and the bodies of anyone who has died from the disease. Avoid contact with wild animals, like bats and monkeys, and their meat.

10. Ebola virus treatment

11. A businessman could have brought a disease from another side of the world, maybe he did not know which gave a very strong pandemic so in the world, it is very important to know how a disease can bring a pandemic but it would affect everyone, to know that we must be sure to try to avoid this pandemic and this virus that could worsen, this disease is one of the most serious that occurred some years ago. This virus at some point could return as what we are going through now, it is a very important case since we try not to risk getting out and avoid everything we can to get out of this.

12. A businessman brings the Ebola virus from Democratic Republic of Congo and spread over the world in 1976.

13. Initially, public health officials assumed these outbreaks were a single event associated with an infected person who traveled between the two locations.

14. Travellers returning from affected areas, the risk of a traveller becoming infected with Ebola virus during a visit to the affected areas and developing disease after returning is extremely low, even if the visit included travel to area where primary cases have been reported.

15. An Emergency commitment for Ebola, convened 8 August 2014,under the international health regulations (2005) included that, the Ebola outbreak is West Africa constitutes an “extraordinary event” and a public health risk to other states,

16. Ebola survivors needs comprehensive support for the medical and psychosocial challenges they face and also to minimize the risk of continued Ebola virus transition.

17. The main thing was that the government had to inform the passengers that they were going on the plane and test them to try to foresee this virus.

18. Quarantine is one of the most important things since they have to isolate his family and the people who have or were close to him, it is important to have security and to isolate the infected.

19. All people who test positive for the virus should isolate themselves, have precautionary measures and only have contact with the nurse or doctor who is caring for them.

20. For all the people who are not infected, they should be careful not to leave their homes, follow all the instructions given by the government and remain in quarantine until they have control of the situation.

21. Everyone who had or has any contact with the infected should be tested to try to stop the virus from spreading further in the community, even with people who have symptoms it would be better to get tested and prevent the virus.

22. The people who were in the plane or airport with him had to do the test that would be a better option for them and thus they would see who was infected.