Explorers and Conquerors

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Explorers and Conquerors by Mind Map: Explorers and Conquerors

1. Christopher Columbus

1.1. Wanted to find direct water rout from Europe to Asia, never did.

1.2. 1451-1506

1.3. "Discovered" America - 1492

1.4. Italian explorer and navigator.

1.5. Had 4 total voyages to the Americas.

1.6. Massacred Native Americans when he arrived in Americas.

2. James Cook

2.1. British explorer

2.2. 7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779

2.3. Discovered New Zeland and Australia - 1769

2.4. Discovered Hawaiian Islands - 1778

2.5. Captain in the Royal Navy

3. Henry Hudson

3.1. 1565-1611

3.2. English explorer and navigator

3.3. 1607-1608 made 2 attempts to find Northeast Passage to Cathay by a route above the Arctic Circle.

3.4. 1609- landed in North America and explored metropolitan area

3.5. Discovered the Hudson Strait and Hudson Bay on final expedition.

3.6. On final voyage Hudson was cast off from his ship in a small lifeboat.

4. Ferdinand Magellan

4.1. Portugese

4.2. 1480-1521

4.3. First European to cross the Pacific Ocean

4.4. Discovered Strait of Magellan - October 21, 1520

4.5. Wanted to discover a western sea route to the Spice Islands, never reached them.

4.6. Died while fighting Mactanese.

5. Jacques Cartier

5.1. 1491-1557

5.2. French Explorer

5.3. April 20, 1534 - Explored the west coast of Newfoundland, discovered Prince Edward Island, & sailed through the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

5.4. Career ended after disobeying colonists and possessed worthless stones thought to be gold and diamond.

5.5. Claimed present day Canada for France.