How to learn and study better

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How to learn and study better by Mind Map: How to learn and study better

1. Find your preferred style, but keep balance

1.1. Sensory - Intuitive

1.1.1. Provide both hard facts and general concepts

1.2. Visual - Verbal

1.2.1. Incorporate both visual and verbal cues

1.3. Active - Reflective

1.3.1. Allow both experiential learning and time for evaluation and analysis

1.4. Sequential - Global

1.4.1. Provide detail in a structured way, as well as the big picture

2. Intro

2.1. Improving your learning skills will get you huge rewards for little investment

2.1.1. You need to learn how to learn and study because you need to be a life long student

2.1.2. For an amazing life you will often need to learn new skills

2.2. Includes a) improving your daily awareness for new things, b) making the things more memorable (easy to access) and c) learning new skills

2.3. Intelligence can be increased by several kinds of mental activity

3. The right mind set

3.1. Understanding the "why" is more important and prerequisit to the "how"; build intrinsic motivation (set the extrinsic aside)

3.1.1. Define what you want, find specific examples

3.1.1.1. I.e. it's not enough to say "I wanna learn french", you could set the goal that you want to go to a restaurant with a french waiter and order everything in french and having a good time doing so. Almost too specific at the beginning.

3.2. Connect what you are learning to your personal goals in a credible way "What's most important about this material?"

3.2.1. Connect the knowledge to your self-image; "What will I be able to do differently because of learning this?"

3.3. Study because you love to learn about how life works

3.3.1. Imagine what insights might come to you when you really understand the material

3.4. Learn and study relaxed, not stressed and worried

3.5. Get rid of the "Loser mindset", you define how smart you'll get, so train and challenge your brain!

4. Practical tips

4.1. For school and studying

4.1.1. Browse quickly through the material, looking at the headings, graphs etc.

4.1.2. Highlight, visualise internally and summarise (in mind maps)

4.1.3. Read the important points dramatically, or whisper them

4.1.4. Walk around while reading or listening

4.1.5. Use mnemonics (information associated with something more meaningful) like songs, phrases or letters and other learning techniques like the mind palace technique

4.1.5.1. Gehirne speichern Konzepte, nicht Buchstaben

4.1.6. Specific for students: recap the new material quickly in your head after every class

4.1.7. If something seems hard to understand, maybe you need to `chunk up' and 'digest' it a while Try also to divide it into subskills

4.2. Interactions with others and yourself

4.2.1. Explain the material to someone else after you read it and already have that in mind while reading. With complex stuff, also write it down in sentences how you would explain it to someone.

4.2.2. Try to contemplate about the material, produce something new of it, expand and connect it to already known & talk to others about it

4.2.3. Use the buddy system or exam yourself

4.3. Learning basics

4.3.1. Use Parkinson's Law: "Work expands so as to fill time available for its completion." Trick your mind to set yourself under timepressure to work more productively (80% of the work in 20% of the time)

4.3.2. Stop multitasking, instead focus your attention, eliminate any distractions

4.3.3. Ask "what do I already know about this?" Ask "what do I need to find out about?"

4.3.4. Learning equals repetition, review regularly, recreate mindmaps, diagrams and other drawings more times (REREADING & REWATCHING ISN'T EFFECTIVE)

4.3.5. Do the revising and practicing a few hours before you go to sleep

4.3.6. Be sure to have the basics clear installed: healthy eating, lots of sleep, movement every day

5. Learning new skills by Josh Kaufman

5.1. The major barrier to skill acquisition isn't inellectual...it's emotional!

5.2. 1. Find a specific goal

5.3. 2. Do just enough research to deconstruct it into smaller subskills

5.3.1. I.e. It's easier to just learn how to just set the feet right than to learn the whole climbing

5.3.2. Often you only need 2 or 3 subskills that you use the most

5.3.3. It's how in life general: start with the important big rocks (don't just suck in all information)

5.4. 3. Get into practice mode as quickly as you can (don't procrastinate)

5.4.1. Just researching is often procrastination, go the fuck out and practice

5.5. 4. Remove practice barriers and distractions and put the important thing right in front of you (use your environment to work for you)

5.6. 5. Precommit to practicing

5.7. It takes 10 000 hours to get to the top of a specific field, but just to learn something new you can get really good with about 20hours, that's 45 minutes a day for a month

6. Learning new languages by Birkenbihl

6.1. 1. Decode

6.1.1. Word-by-word

6.1.2. To let the brain "abstrahier" rules

6.2. 2. Active listening

6.2.1. Same text, hearing foreign language + reading decodation

6.3. 2. Passive listening

6.3.1. Listen to it silently in the background

6.4. After building this fundament you can move on to speaking, reading, writing and other activities

6.4.1. To speak, just read the text along with listening to it

6.4.2. To read better, simply read a lot in the new language