Historiography of Cotton Mather

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Historiography of Cotton Mather by Mind Map: Historiography of Cotton Mather

1. Richard H. Werking (1972)

1.1. "Reformation Is Our Only Preservation": Cotton Mather and Salem Witchcraft

1.2. Asks: Why so active in Salem witch trials?

1.3. Reminder of spiritual world; emphasis on balance (283-286)

2. Robert Brunkow (1973)

2.1. "An Analysis of Cotton Mather's Understanding of the Relationship of the Supernatural to Man As Seen in History"

2.2. Argues it is the cause of events that happen (329)

3. Wendel D. Craker (1997)

3.1. "Spectral Evidence, Non-Spectral Acts of Witchcraft, and Confession at Salem in 1692"

3.2. Misunderstanding's in Mather's role: does not consider him central in trials (335)

4. Chadwick Hansen (1969)

4.1. Witchcraft at Salem

4.1.1. Review by Stephen Fender

4.2. Argues that Mather tried to temper problem, not exacerbate (257)

5. Thomas J. Holmes (1924)

5.1. "Cotton Mather and His Writings on Witchcraft"

5.2. Argues Mather most likely had little care in the trials (36-37)

6. Charles W. Upham (1831)

6.1. Lectures on Salem Witchcraft & Salem Witchcraft; With an Account of Salem Village

6.1.1. Review by W.F. Poole

6.2. Argues that Mather was in "instigator" in trials (338)

7. W.F. Poole (1869)

7.1. Argues against Upham's claims; believes Mather is complicated and sought balance; tried to redeem the Mather name

7.2. Review of various works

8. Josiah Quincy (1840)

8.1. The History of Harvard University

8.2. Agrees with Upham; trials were prolonged by Mather

9. Kenneth Silverman (1984)

9.1. The Life and Times of Cotton Mather (1984)

9.2. Makes Mather "understandable, forgiveable"; Struggles to overcome worst traits

10. Albert B. Cook (1992)

10.1. "Damaging the Mathers: London Receives the News from Salem"

10.2. John Dunton, London bookseller, puts down the Mathers name and uses it as a selling point

10.3. Capitalizes on the Mather name; emphazies the nature of trials. Turned public opinion on the manner of the trials (307)

11. David Harley (1996)

11.1. "Explaining Salem: Calvinist Psychology and the Diagnosis of Poessession"

11.2. Feels that the Mathers had a hard time recognizing their mistakes. There were inconsistencies (322)

12. Nathanial Hawthorne (1835)

12.1. John Ronan "'Young Goodman Brown' and the Mathers (2012)

12.1.1. Ronan agrees that Mather encouraged the judges and was a problem in the trials

12.2. According to Hawthorne, Cotton aggravated what happened in Salem

13. Robert Detweiler (1975)

13.1. "Shifting Perspectives on the Salem Witches"

13.2. Believes witchcraft was practiced at Salem (601)

14. Samuel Eliot Morison (1956)

14.1. The Intellectual Life of Colonial New England

14.2. Rescued Mather from charges. "Kept a cool head"; Calef "had it in" for him

15. Vernon L. Parringon (1927)

15.1. Blamed Puritinism in general for Salem

15.2. Main Currents in American Thought

16. Lion Feuchtwanger (1948)

16.1. Wahn oder Der Teufel in Boston

16.2. Questioned Mather's beliefs. Mather character in play believes in witchcraft and the need for the clergy to stay in power; wanted to further the influence of the Mather family

16.3. Waltraud Maierhofer "'Another Play on Salem Witch Trials": Lion Feuchtwanger, Communists, and Nazis (2009)

17. Rev. Francis Hutchinson (1718)

17.1. An Historical Essay concerning Witchcraft

17.2. Mather failed at treatment of the afflicted girls

17.3. Deborah Kelly Kloepfer "Cotton Mather's "Dora": The Case History of Mercy Short" (2009)

18. George Lincoln Burr (1914)

18.1. Narratives of the Witchcraft Cases: 1647-1706

18.2. Negative viewpoint of Mather; places blame on him for the hysteria

19. George Bancroft (1857)

19.1. History of the United States, III

19.2. Negative view of Cotton Mather

20. Vernon Louis Parrington (1927)

20.1. Main Currents of American Thoughts

20.2. Negative viewpoint, contributed to hysteria

21. Clifford K. Shipton (1933)

21.1. New England Clergy of the 'Glacial Age'

21.2. Sympathetic view of Mather

22. M.L. Starkey (1949)

22.1. The Devil in Massachusettes

22.2. Positive, sympathetic view towards Mather