Congenital Heart Disease Cedrese Thomas

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Congenital Heart Disease Cedrese Thomas by Mind Map: Congenital Heart Disease  Cedrese Thomas

1. Malformation of the heart, aorta, or other large blood vessels in newborns

2. Definition

2.1. Structural issues (holes or leaky valves)

3. Causes

3.1. Possible causes: Genetics Medications while pregnant Infection while pregnant Substance abuse

4. Treatment

4.1. Range from no treatment to surgery or medications. (depends on type and severity of defect)

4.2. Common tests: Echocardiogram, cardiac catheterization, chest x-ray, and electrocardiogram.

5. Types

5.1. Heart valve defects Heart wall defects Issues with heart’s muscle Bad connection with blood vessels

6. Symptoms

6.1. Fast breathing Poor feeding Poor weight gain Lung infections Shortness of breath Bluish tint to skin.

7. Statistics

7.1. Affects nearly 7% of infants and account for 3% of all infant deaths

7.2. The most common birth defect worldwide

8. Diagnosis

8.1. Critical heart abnormalities are diagnosed before or at birth

8.2. Early screenings help prevent complications

8.3. U.S. public health departments began implementing state-wide CCHD newborn screening programs in 2011.