My Foundations of Education

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My Foundations of Education by Mind Map: My Foundations of Education

1. Schools as Organizations

1.1. Goverance

1.1.1. Local Major Stakeholders State Senators Bill Hotizclaw Arthur Orr Paul Sanford Steve Livingston Clay Scofield House of Representatives Phil Williams Mike Ball Laura Hall Howard Sanderford Jim Patterson Ritchie Horton Mac McCutcheon State Superintendent Tommy BIce Local Superintendent Matt Massey School Board Members Dan Nash Angle Bates David Vess Mary Louise Stowe Jeff Anderson State Board Members Cynthia Sanders McCarty

1.2. Size and Degree of Centralization

1.3. Student Composition

1.4. Degree of "Openness"

1.5. Private Schools

1.6. International Comparison

1.6.1. Finland High levels of student achievement Equal access to curriculum Curriculum Teacher education TEP are highly competitive

2. Philosophy of Education

2.1. Idealism

2.2. Realism

2.3. Contemporary Realists

2.4. Neo-Thomism

2.5. Modern Realism

2.6. Pragmatism

2.6.1. Generic Notions Psychology Behaviorism Learn experimentally Learn from books Progressive

2.6.2. Key Researchers John Dewey George Sanders Pierce William James John Locke Jean-Jacques Rousseau

2.6.3. Goal of Education Social Order Integrate children into society

2.6.4. Role of the Teacher Facilitator Create a curriculum that is child-centered

2.6.5. Method of Instruction Child-centered Problem-solving

2.6.6. Curriculum Core curriculum Investigation Projects Observations

2.7. Existentialism & Phenomenology

2.8. Neo-Marxism

3. Equality of Opportunity

3.1. Educational and Life Outcomes

3.1.1. Class

3.1.2. Gender

3.1.3. Race

3.1.4. Educational Achievement African American Hispanic-American Women Students Women achieve less than men Minority women face inequalities more

3.1.5. Coleman Study Differences among schools do make a difference Private schools more effective More demanding of students than public schools

4. Politics of Education

4.1. Political Perspectives

4.1.1. Conservative This perspective enables the strongest individuals to survive. It looks at human and social evolution as adaptation to changes in the environment. You must compete in the social environment to survive.

4.1.2. Liberal

4.1.3. Radical

4.1.4. Neo-Liberal

4.2. The Roles of the School

4.2.1. Concerned with aims of education

4.2.2. Concerned with the purposes of education

4.2.3. Concerned with the functions of education

4.3. Educational Problems

4.3.1. Conservative Perspective

4.3.2. Liberal Perspective

4.3.3. Radical Perspective

4.4. Educational Policy and Reform

4.4.1. Conservatives supports

4.4.2. Liberals supports

4.4.3. Radicals supports

4.5. Education and the American Dream

4.5.1. Conservatives and Democratic viewpoints

4.6. Education and Politics VIewpoints

4.6.1. Plato

4.6.2. John Locke

4.6.3. John Stuart Mill

4.6.4. Gutmann

5. Schools as Organizations

6. Curriculum and Pedagogy

6.1. Schools teach:

6.1.1. Curriculum The history of curriculum The politics of curriculum The philosophy of curriculum

6.2. History of Curriculum

6.2.1. Humanist curriculum Purpose of education is to present students the best of what has been thought and written.

6.3. Sociology of Curriculum

6.3.1. Functionalists

7. History of U.S. Education

7.1. Old World Education

7.1.1. highly stratified; the rich get educated

7.2. New World Education

7.2.1. educated in the new world were sent back to England to attend universities

7.3. The Rise of the Common School

7.3.1. The Industrial Revolution

7.3.2. Pre-War Schools

7.3.3. Fight for Free Public Education Horace Mann teacher training school

7.4. Urbanization and Progressive

7.4.1. The Second Industrial Revolution

7.4.2. John Dewey

7.5. The Emergence of the Public High School

7.5.1. Classical Subjects vs. Modern Subjects

7.5.2. Meeting college entrance requirements

7.5.3. Educators require studying to prepare for life, not academic lessons and books

7.5.4. The question if students should pursue the same course of study or a course of study that suits their individual interests

7.5.5. I believe the emergence of public high school had the most influence because this is when we started providing a higher level of education. People became more educated and wanted to pursue more knowledge.

7.6. Education has changed and progressed throughout history. we have gone from educating our children at home for primary grades. We now encourage everyone to complete high school and pursue education beyond that. The push to gain more knowledge exists in our society.

8. Sociological Perspectives

8.1. Define Project Schedule

8.1.1. Dependencies

8.1.2. Milestones

8.2. Limitations

8.2.1. Schedule

8.2.2. Budget

8.3. Define Project Development Measurement

8.3.1. KPI's

9. Educational Inequality

9.1. Explanations of Unequal Achievement

9.1.1. Functionalist individual talent hard work

9.1.2. Conflict

9.1.3. School Centered Sociologists Genetic Differences

10. Educational Reform and School Reform

10.1. School Based Reforms

10.1.1. Charter Schools public schools free from regulations applied to traditional public schools paid with by tax dollars effective and efficient for low income students

10.1.2. Vouchers

10.1.3. School-Business Partnerships

10.1.4. School Choice

10.2. Societal, Community, Economic, and Political Reforms

10.2.1. State Intervention and Mayoral Control in Local School Districts accountability state certification rewards and sanctions

11. Sociology of Education

11.1. Theoretical Model

11.1.1. I. Societal Level

11.1.2. II. Institutional Level

11.1.3. III. Interpersonal Level

11.1.4. IV. Intrapsychic Level

11.2. Socialization

11.2.1. schools, parents, churches and synagogues, and other groups shapes a child's perceptions of the world

11.3. Theoretical Perspectives

11.3.1. Functional Theories view society as a kind of machine, where one part articulates with another to produce the dynamic energy required to make society work.

11.3.2. Conflict Theories Schools are similar to social battlefields. Students struggle against teachers, and teachers battle against administrators. The battles continue to go on further up the ladder.

11.3.3. Interactional Theories This is the relation of school and society are primarily critiques and extensions of the functional and conflict perspective. The relationships between students and students and teachers and students are observed and needed.

11.4. Effects of Schooling

11.4.1. Knowledge and Attitude It is generally found that the higher the social class background of the student, the higher his or her achievement level will be.

11.4.2. Employment Many believe an academic career is important to have a successful working career. These credentials are important, but they cannot measure someone's work ethic.

11.4.3. Education and Mobility

11.5. Inside the Schools

11.5.1. Curriculum expresses culture

11.5.2. Teacher Behavior

11.5.3. Student Peer Groups and Alienation

11.6. Education and Inequality

11.6.1. Inadequate schools

11.6.2. Tracking

11.6.3. De Facto Segregation

11.6.4. Gender