DEFENDING NORTH AMERICA

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DEFENDING NORTH AMERICA by Mind Map: DEFENDING NORTH AMERICA

1. Canada's Role in the Cuban Missile Crisis.

1.1. For: - Prime Minister Diefenbaker believed that further proof was needed, as photographs were hard to believe. - Canada did not have to be involved in a major crisis/conflict. - Canada didn't want to be invested in a problem that was largely rooted in the policies and interests of the United States. - Allowing atomic weapons into Canada could cause conflicts with other countries.

1.2. Against: - The government should have supported and assisted the actions of the United States. - Caused damage to the relations between Canada and America. - Canadian troops would not have been prepared had a nuclear war started. - Even though Canadian troops were eventually put on alert, it was too late to offer support to America.

2. Canada's Acceptance of Nuclear Weapons in 1963

2.1. For: - It would be an innovative way to ensure domination. - The threat of nuclear weapons against other countries provides superiority, and can stop conflicts from arising, potentially saving lives. - Would provide jobs with new advanced technology in Canada. - A mutually assured destruction would stop people from starting a nuclear conflict.

2.2. Against: - Canada felt that accepting nuclear weapons would be hypocritical to the United Nations. - The risk of accidental use. There have been many cases where nuclear weapons around the world were almost launched due to human error. If this were to happen, Canada would be responsible for a nuclear winter and/or the start of nuclear war. - A nuclear winter would mean an end to society. Nuclear winter would occur if nuclear bombs are launched on the ground or is exploded in the upper atmosphere. Either way, the sun would be blocked out by air born debris, killing most plants and animals. It would take decades to centuries for the earth to recover after a nuclear winter. - While an initial explosion would result in thousands of deaths, far more people will die from radiation poisoning. Cancers, painful tumors, and even birth defects would occur as a result.

3. The Scrapping of the Avro Arrow.

3.1. For: - A middle power like Canada could not afford to develop such modern weapons on its own. - Was not sufficient enough to deter other countries from their own aircraft industries to support the long production. - Saved $300 million dollars. - Cancellation meant not being seen as a big target by the Soviet Union. - Needed a pilot to operate which could have resulted in many deaths.

3.2. Against: - Would establish Canada as a technological leader. - Was the most advanced fighter plane in the world. - Was very fast and efficient. - Politicians should have decided how much money would be invested and budgeted, and not have been influenced by other countries, including America.

4. http://nlcatp.org/7-vital-pros-and-cons-of-nuclear-weapons/ https://www.cigionline.org/articles/2012/10/canada-and-cuban-missile-crisis-50-years-later https://legionmagazine.com/en/2014/01/face-to-face-on-the-avro-arrow/