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Strategy by Mind Map: Strategy

1. Replacing traditional safety nets by supporting community-building

2. Logistics

2.1. Deadlines

2.1.1. DST meeting Friday 3rd Aprl: How would people see Urban used in implementing their progamming? What areas would they like us to develop?

2.1.2. End of April: conceptual framework ready to share with global DST

2.2. Contacts

3. Remarks

3.1. Address the gaps

3.2. use the previous strategy to fill infos in the categories

3.3. Inclusive growth is tied to financing institutions, whereas it initially emerged from environmental concerns, inclusive development was meant to be sustainable dvt and environmentally sound.

3.3.1. Social inclusion 1st

3.3.2. And then environmental inclusion

3.3.3. Inclusive growth = growth that minimizes the drivers of exclusion

3.3.4. DST monitoring/evaluation document could be used to for JD to push countries

3.4. We should be chosing certain areas of intervention

3.4.1. One way of doing it: Use barriers framework (each brrier described in 2-3sentences) and chose our areas of intervention. Climate change and resilience is missing form that framework though.

3.5. Bangladesh: holistic approach. Their theory of change: bottom-up approach, working with urban poor communities like ACHR or SDI model and informal workers. use that as the basis to work with local governments, so that those groups are able to negotiate.

3.5.1. Doesn't INCLUSION go beyond povety? You could be rich AND excluded. The most vulnerable people aren't always the poorest either.

3.5.2. Private sector may need to be included and the UPPR Bangladesh model may not be replicable

3.5.3. They were good at connecting with NATIONAL urban strategy, yet not good at working with cities for now

3.6. If the issue is inclusive urbanization then it's all about the BARRIERS. Now how do these barriers translate in urban settings?

3.6.1. Some may be general but also affect urban areas, and we need to address it.

3.7. Mobility and informality cut across all of these issues. STRONG correlation mobility/ poverty / exclusion

3.8. Land adminsitration is KEY.

3.8.1. Cf Donovan's paper on Pacific islands

3.9. Education. And safety: crime is mostly WITHIN social classes. and perceived security is different from actual security. and it's very different in urban contexts.

3.10. What are the people for people to acquire CAPABILITES (Amartya Sen)

3.11. Individual level barriers VS system level barriers (education, mobility, informality which is legal and not economic barrier)

3.12. Social inequality/exclusion and urban povety

3.13. ACHR paper remains very relevant: It's about how these exclusions are experienced by the people

3.14. Bringing back the urban lenses as analytical tool?

3.15. Maybe also: INCLUSIVE may be understood in terms of SPACE. How do you allow cities to grow and concentrate wealth and jobs without letting the rest of the national territory die? cf debates in France about redistribution between regions and how you plan ahead to promote rural areas as well

4. Intro

4.1. why an urban strategy is needed (3paragraphs). resilience and informality for isntance were missing and that's why we need to create this document.

4.1.1. as a footnote or 1 sentence with references, say that this document follows on this this this

5. Thematic discussions as in zero draft

5.1. work more as discussion papers, not really in the strategy

6. III. Current gaps in development practice

6.1. What can UNDP do for these kind of things?

7. Annex wirth possible tools to deal with these issues

8. Title: Guidance document. OR Inclusive urbanization strategy / building on the strategy paper...

8.1. Do we need to adopt their vision?

8.1.1. Good point: "sustainable" appeals to sustainable team. and their fundings.

8.1.2. Vision that could be upscaled?

8.1.3. Not necessarily need a vision. But then we have a mission Work of UNDP contributes to urbanization in the region that is inclusive

9. I. Principles

9.1. MISSION: (principle NUMBER 1) is inclusive urbanization

9.2. Other goals for UNDP but need to be related to that overarching principle

9.3. We see these gaps and these ways of filling the gaps. action oriented

9.3.1. Document should not be descriptive but rather clearly state the Type of interventions and policies needed etc.

9.4. From Global strategy

9.4.1. To help countries achieve the simultaneous eradication of poverty and significant reduction of inequalities and exclusion.

10. II. Barriers: specific things that generate exclusion

10.1. Urban poverty

10.1.1. What's unique about it, cf USAID conference

10.1.2. you become poor because you got excluded. exclusion genertes inequality that generates poverty

10.2. Accessibility of urban services

10.2.1. whereas in rural settings its an issue of availability

10.3. Financial

10.3.1. Both place of opportunities

10.3.2. opportunity cost: i.e. when you go to hospital even if it's only 30THB then you lose 1 wage day and you lose money.

10.3.3. Loan shacks (in rural setting syou're more likely to borrow from family member

10.3.4. everything is monetized in urban settings so financial dimension of the economy becomes dominant

10.4. Legal status

10.4.1. e.g. Hukou and Vietnamese system too

10.4.2. House registration is specifically urban issue: informal housiong means no legal recognition of existence for the dwellers How do we transform the civil registration system?

10.4.3. Legal barriers to justice

10.4.4. Civil registration also is a major obstacle to children getting to school

10.5. Gender

10.5.1. it's a problem everywhere

10.5.2. But in India for instance violence against women is specifically urban, as a backlash of them getting more independent in cities

10.6. Participation

10.6.1. Having a voice in policy making is a general problem

10.6.2. But the mechanisms of how these barriers are exerciced is different. and urban areas allow political alliances because groups surround you

10.7. Physical barriers: exclusion by the sign

10.7.1. are hospitals located clsoe to vulnerable communities?

10.7.2. mobility issues


11.1. Moderating income inequality

11.1.1. Transition to inclusive growth employment policies to focus on creating quality jobs that provide sufficient income, security and stability to workers Supporting SMEs Labor policies - minimum wage, collective bargaining managing trade and financial globalization Managing private investment in urban infrastructure and assets Combatting privitization of space, loss of public spaces Fighting land speculation, land idleness

11.1.2. Adopt redistributive measures social protection Reforming domestic registration restrictions Supporting civil registration Social protection for informal sector consumer subsidies (directly affecting the cost of basic household goods, i.e food or fuel) progressive taxation and tax reforms

11.1.3. Strengthen generation opportunities dismantle barriers preventing the disadvantaged pop from getting access to employment legislative or administrative reform to repeal discriminatory provisions Legislation that grants equal access to land ownership, recognizes collective rights or codifies and affirmative action Promoting urban land tenure through diverse arrangements, especially collective land tenure for urban poor communities Policies to address other barriers to participating in productive employment, Such as inadequate skill sets, information gaps or mobility constraints on individuals and groups

11.2. Closing gaps in education health and nutrition, HOUSING

11.2.1. Optimize level, composition and targeting of public expenditure Prioritization of basic infrastructure and social service provision

11.2.2. improve service delivery modalities specific service delivery programmes and modalities that cut across sectors and deliver cohesive packages of services tailored to the specific needs of the groups left behind such as early childhood interventions or integrated health systems Community based models

11.2.3. Adopt governance reforms to improve responsiveness ability to coordinate across sectors so that services are comprehensive. Social accountability (social audits, access to info, monitoring...) to be responsive to needs Access to information and public deliberation around urban development plans Access to information and public deliberation around urban climate and disaster risk Fighting corruption Civil society, judicial reform addressing discriminations such as language or disability

11.2.4. Strengthen insitutional capacity Decentralization and fiscal equalization Equitable share of wealth across cities at a national level Supporting sustainable municipal financing Capable institutions equipped with adequate human resources to deliver services Strong local governments that ensure that services reach the most marginalized communities Establish modes of governance for peri-urban areas Strengthen land administration

11.3. Addressing social exclusion and discrimination

11.3.1. Strengthen civic engagement of socially excluded/marginalized groups Interventions to address the norms underpinning the intergenerational transmission of group-based inequalities Enactment of anti-discriminatory legislation, improvement of access to justice for the poor, marginalized and disadvantaged, Improve safety of women in public, workplace and homes engagement with the media and other public opinion makers raising the concern and engagement of the business community and elites by persuading them that reducing inequality is beneficial for all Address entrenched social attitudes against ethnic/religious minorities Broadening engagement in public life Establishing regulatory environment, based on freedom of expression, CSO participation, participatory budgeting Elections and voter participation ICT plaforms Participatory land use planning

11.3.2. Adopt anti-discriminatory legislation regulatory and political environment that is conducive to the formation and effective functioning of civil society organizations policy makers develop and pursue a coherent, evidence-based and value-driven policy narrative with clear objectives and action points that compels stakeholders to act

11.4. Address environmental inequalities/ injustice

11.4.1. Access to safe land land/housing

11.4.2. Promote risk informed development Engage multiple urban stakeholders in processes to identify and address disaster and climate risks, linked with land use planning processes and civil society accountability mechanisms

11.4.3. Build capacity of CSOs to undertake climate risk mapping and environmental monitoring

11.4.4. Establish public risk monitoring systems (environmental quality and disaster)

11.4.5. Eliminate exclusions to access to water, sanitation, waste management

11.4.6. Work across levels of governance to address water basin level risks (flood, drought)