Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders

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Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders by Mind Map: Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders

1. Key Features

1.1. Delusions

1.1.1. Types Persecutory Referential Grandiose Erotomanic Nihilistic Somatic

1.1.2. Specifiers Bizarre Thought Withdrawal Thought Insertion Delusions of Control Non-Bizzare

1.2. Hallucinations

1.2.1. Description Vivid and clear With the Full Force and Impact of Normal Perceptions Not under voluntary control They may occur in any sensory modality

1.2.2. Types Auditory Hallucinations Usually experienced as voices, whether familiar or unfamiliar, that are perceived as distinct from the individual's own thoughts. Most common in schizophrenia and related disorders. Visual Olfactoral

1.2.3. Diagnosing Must occur in the context of a clear sensorium Hallucinations that occur while falling asleep (hypnagogic) or waking up (hypnopompic) are considered to be within the range of normal experience. Hallucinations may be a normal part of religious experience in certain cultural contexts.

1.3. Disorganized Thinking

1.3.1. Speech Derailment / Loose Associations Tangential Incoherence / "Word Salad"

1.3.2. Diagnosing Severity Must Impair Effective Communication The severity of the impairment may be difficult to evaluate if the person making the diagnosis comes from a different linguistic background than that of the person being examined.

1.3.3. Less severe disorganized thinking or speech may occur during the prodromal and residual periods of schizophrenia.

1.4. Grossly Disorganized or Abnormal Motor Behavior (inciuding Catatonia)

1.4.1. Manifestation Childlike "silliness" Unpredictable agitation

1.4.2. Problems Goal-directed behavior Difficulties in performing activities or daily living

1.4.3. Catatonic Behavior Negativism Mutism rigid inappropriate or bizarre posture Stupor lack of Catatonic Excitement motor activity Other Features repeated stereotyped movements staring grimacing mustims echoing of speech Catatonic Symptoms associated with schizophrenia nonspecifc may occur in other disorders

1.5. Negative Symptoms

1.5.1. Schizophrenia Account for a substantial portion of the morbidity associated with schizophrenia. Less prominent in other psychotic disorders Two negative symptoms that are prevalent with schizophrenia diminished emotional expression avolition Other Symptoms alogia anhedonia asociality

2. Diagnoses

2.1. Schizotypal (Personality) Disorder

2.2. Delusional Disorder

2.3. Schizophreniform Disorder

2.4. Schizophrenia

2.5. Schizoaffective Disorder

2.6. Substance / Medication-Induced Psychotic Disorder

2.7. Psychotic Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

2.8. Catatonia Associated With Another Mental Disorder (Catatonia Specifier)

2.9. Catatonia Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

2.10. Unspecified Catatonia

2.11. Other Specified Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorder

2.12. Unspecified Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorder