HAUDENAUSANEE

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HAUDENAUSANEE by Mind Map: HAUDENAUSANEE

1. SOCIAL STRUCTURES

1.1. GOVERNMENT

1.2. First Nations often formed alliances(a union in which groups agree to trade and help each other resolve disputes) with each other. One is the "Iroquois Confederacy" including the five Haudenosaunee nations living Souths of the great lakes (Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk. According to oral tradition, long before the arrival of Europeans, the five nations were at war at one another then after a Peacemaker came in the land of the Haudenosaunee and brought a message of peace which united them under the Iroquois confederacy. In 1715, a sixth nation , the Tuscarora, joined the alliance and became known as the " Six Nations Confedaracy". The Peacemaker created the Great Law of Peace called "Gawyehnehshehgowa" (a set of laws that explained how the government would work and how people should behave in society.

2. The Haudenosaunee are groups of people that includes 6 different nations; the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Tuscarora (later).

3. ECONOMY

3.1. THE THREE SISTERS

3.2. Corn, beans, and squash were the main crops. They were always planted together to help each other grow. The corn stalks supported the climbing beans, squash discouraged weeds from crowding the corn and beans and it also the leaves shaded the soil and kept it moist. They also grew tabc

3.3. SHELTER

3.4. They live in the longhouse and each of the clan have their own space in the longhouse .

3.5. ROLES OF WOMEN

3.6. The society of the Haudenosaunee was "matrilineal" meaning that the head of each longhouse was a women called as a "Clan Mother". The women in the clan owned all the possessions in the house. Haudenosaunee women were well respected for their ability to create life.; they gave birth to children and they grew crops. For these reasons, women's role in the community was equal to men's. Here re some of their responsibilities: deciding on the location of a new village, deciding what crops to plant, and where they should be planted, deciding whether the men would go to war, as well as when to make peace, controlling immigration and deciding whether their community would accept refugees or orphans, playing a central role in ceremonies by making sure rituals were performed correctly and helping troubled people and teaching the children. Women also played an important role in government. The leaders are usually men but the Clan Mothers chose them. If the women thought that the leader wasn't doing a good job, they removed him from leadership.

3.7. THE ROLE OF MEN

3.8. In their world men don't have any authority over his wife. Men's are only responsible on clearing the fields, builting and repairing the longhouses.Other than that, their time was spent on trading and hunting, also going to war and preparing for war.

4. BELIEFS & VALUES

4.1. The Haudenosaunee had their own set of values that formed their world view and that also affected all aspects of their way of life. Here are some of their values which are still an important part of their world view today: collective thinking and considering the future generations, decision making by consensus; considering all points of view, sharing labour and the benefits of the labour, duty to family, clan, nation, and the Iroquois Confederacy, equality meaning everyone is equal no matter what their age or gender.