Physical Environment

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Physical Environment by Mind Map: Physical Environment

1. Ralph and Jack are represent of two totally different things, savagery and civilization. Ralph wants a controlled signal fire, while all that is on Jack's mind is to hunt and kill.

2. The change of the boys going from human in the beginning to being savages in the end is clear. The need to thrive on the island has caused the savagery in the boys to peak. And the other boys on increase the savagery among other boys.

3. Although is seems that there is no hope, Simon fights letting the island affect his thoughts, thus continuing to have hope. He wants to ensure Ralph that he'll be okay in the end, even if he (Simon) won't be.; So unlike the other boys Simon doesn't have any savagery in him at this point.

4. When the naval officer comes to rescue the boys. it's a wake up call for the tribe of reality and civilization. Throughout the book Jack was described as being physically large and powerful, but when an adult figure is presented in front of the boys, it is a reminder that all of them are only boys, and Jack is described as a small boy.

5. When the naval officer comes, the boys come to reality and realize what they've made of themselves and done to each other. They finally realize their savagery(a word used many times in the book) and come to truth with themselves.

5.1. "His voice rose under the black smoke before the burning wreckage of the island; and infected by that emotion, the other little boys began to shake and sob too"

6. Jack is in a position of power. Ralph and Piggy are standing, while Jack is sitting. He is the leader on the side of the island, and he enjoys it. Power and authority is getting to his head. He has real power on the island because he has Piggy's glasses, and therefore, the fire. He also has the support of the boys.

7. Because of Jacks savagery, not only have they lost Simon, but they lost Piggy because Jack is all about being the leader and his form of leadership is by killing and hunting. Ralph is the one to rationalize because those that are still with him look to him as a great leader and an influence. Jack is ruining things with his sick and twisted mind so much that it has led to death.

8. The atmosphere on the island--created by the boys causes Ralph to do the unthinkable. The innocent school boy would not have made the conscious decision to end someone's life, but amid a ground, Roger feels pressured and reassured that nothing's wrong.

9. “The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from the chin to knee; the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist. Piggy, saying nothing, with no time for even a grunt, traveled through the air sideways from the rock, turning over as he went. The rock bounded twice and was lost in the forest. Piggy fell forty feet and landed on his back across the square red rock in the sea…. Like a pig after death” (Golding 181).

10. “There is a savage beast in every man, and when you hand that man a sword or spear and send him forth to war, the beast stirs.” -George R.R. Martin

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12. smoke

13. "In front of them, only three or four yards away, was a rock like hump where no rock should be. Ralph could a hear a tiny chattering noise coming from somewhere- perhaps from his own mouth… fused his fear and loathing into hatred, and stood up. He took two leaden steps forward" (Golding 123).

13.1. I think that this quote is a perfect example of how Ralph’s surroundings are eating him alive with fear. No matter how much of a leader he his, Ralph is still affected with fear on this island even if he doesn’t show it by taking risks and seeing what is on this rock. Ralph is still afraid of what could happen, he just does a better job of hiding it for the sake of the others.

14. The island almost seems to be changing Jack from a human (hunter) into an animal (ape-like). The book describes him as a "furtive thing".

15. "Remembering the first enthusiastic exploration as though it were part of a brighter childhood, he [Ralph] smiled jeeringly" (Page 76)

15.1. With the time on the island, Ralph has realized that he no longer is happy or interested in this new place, the island has made him bitter.

15.1.1. Ralph, as he is walking, realized that he does not enjoy this island or life on the island anymore, He finds it tiring and unfulfilling. They never make advancements and have been deteriorating into savages. He constantly has to watch where he is going. It is both unpredictable and boring at the same time.

16. "No I'm not. I just think you'll get back all right." (Simon, pg 111)

17. "We were going to have water brought from the stream and left those coconuts under the fresh leaves... Now there is no water, the shells are dry, and the people have to drink from the river" (Golding 79) .

17.1. I chose this quote because the boys are already tired of the island and running out of food and water. As the leader, Ralph is facing more challenges. From the fire going out to dealing with the littleuns.

18. "For a minute [Jack] became less a hunter than a furtive thing, ape-like among the tangle of trees. Then the trail the frustration, claimed him again and he searched the ground avidly." (Golding 49)

19. "The desire to squeeze and hurt was overmastering." (Ralph, pg 115)

19.1. This is a good example of how the island has made the boys savage. Even Ralph, who at the beginning was against even killing a pig is now fighting to hurt a boy or at least witness a boy being hurt.

20. "Piggy and Ralph, under the threat of the sky, found themselves eager to take a place in this demented but partly secure society. They were glad to touch the brown backs of the fence that hemmed in the terror and made it governable." (Golding

20.1. Ralph and Piggy know that it's wrong but because all the other boys are doing it the want to too, the fact that they've been around Jack and his hunters for so long has erased some of their morality.

21. Even though by themselves, Piggy and Ralph wouldn't ever do this, being in a mob encourages them to behave savagely. The anonymity and lack of consequences besides a guilty mind lets them do something they would never do.

22. "Beneath the capering boys a quarter a mile quare of forest was savage with smoke and flame...Ralph realized that the boys were falling still and silent, feeling the beginnings of awe at the power set free below them. The knowledge and the awe made him savage." (Golding 49).

23. "There was not words, and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws." (153)

23.1. At this point we see no humanity in any of the boys, the author describes them to sound like animals or savages which is a result of the other boys and the island.

24. When the boys accidentally set half the mountain on fire, they realize how easily they can change things around them. Golding keeps using the word "savage", showing that the island itself and its new inhabitants have become wild and outside the bounds of society, both literallly and figuratively.

25. "By him stood Piggy still holding out the talisman, the fragile, shining beauty of the shell. The strom of sound beat at them an incantation of hatred. High overhead, Roger, with a sense of delirious abandonment, leaned all his weight on the lever." (Golding, 180)

26. "Jack spoke...Henry brought him a shell and he drank, watching Piggy and Ralph over the jagged rim. Power lay in the brown swell of his forearms; authority sat on his shoulder and chattered in his ear like an ape." (Golding, 150).

27. "He tried to remember. "Smoke, we want smoke". He turned on the twins fiercely."I said smoke! We've got to have smoke"' (Golding,173)

28. “They were glad to touch the brown backs of the fence that hemmed in terror and made it governable. ‘Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!’ the movement became regular while the chant lost its first superficial excitement and began to beat like a steady pulse (Golding 152).

28.1. This is another quote defying the boys’ savagery. This is an example of how the boys are needing to kill and they have fun doing it. This beast is the one big thing that is keeping them from following Ralph and trying to get off of the island. Their main focus is on killing the beast.

29. Towards the end of the book, the boys eventually do get rescued, but the means for rescue was likely not as predicted by the reader. Throughout the course of the book, Jack was very concerned with having a controlled signal fire to be rescued from the island, though he was never successful. When Jack lit the entire island on fire, it attracts the attention of the naval officer and the boys get rescued.

30. “Collective fear stimulates herd instinct, and tends to produce ferocity toward those who are not regarded as members of the herd.” “Neither a man nor a crowd nor a nation can be trusted to act humanely or to think sanely under the influence of a great fear.” ― Bertrand Russell, Unpopular Essays

31. "The mountains, the forest, and the sea, render men savage; they develop the fierce, but yet do not destroy the human." --Victor Hugo

32. "The mirage had died and gloomily he ran his eye along the taut blue line of the horizon" (Golding 65).

32.1. I think that this quote explains how Piggy used to think of the island as a magical and enchanting place but after seeing and observing all of the great difficulties, he has come the realization that this is just is just like any other island. All of the other boys find this island to be something special, but because of how rational and realistic Piggy is, he only sees this as something to get away from.

33. "A little boy who wore the remains of an extraordinary black cap on his red hair and who carried the remains of a pair of spectacles at his waist, started forward, then changes his mind and stood still." (Golding, 201)

34. Jack, painted

35. Parachutist--Broken Conch

36. "This is an island.Nobody don't know we're here. Your dad don't know,nobody don't know" "If it really is an island, we may stay here till we die" (Golding, 14-15)

36.1. At the beginning of the book, the boys doubt that they are on an island in the first place, hoping that they might be somewhere close to civilization. Though towards the end of the book, most of the boys join the tribe and become savage, displaying the effect that the island had on the boys.

37. "The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee, the conch exploded into a thousand white pieces and ceased to exist"

38. "Jack muttered."I've been all over. It must be here" Simon mumbled confusedly:"I don't believe in the beast""

38.1. Although Simon was intended type be some sort of religious/Christ figure, he is also realistic about the conditions of the island allowing for the possibility of a "beast"

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40. At the beginning of the book, Jack's companions are the choir boys. At the end, the Jack and the choir boys become the "tribe".

41. Jack and the tribe are making life on the island harder than it needed to be by acting savage instead of being logical and civilized .

42. Kenzi=Purple Bailey=Blue Cathy=Cloud Mohamed=White

43. "But really, thought Ralph, this was not Bill. This was a savage whose image refused to blend with that ancient picture of a boy in shorts and shirt."

44. Though Simon can't provide leadership skills like Ralph or hunt wild animals like Jack, he still can provide hope for the boys which is more of a skill than any of the other boys have on the island

45. There is a savage beast in every man, and when you hand that man a sword or spear and send him forth to war, the beast stirs.” ― George R.R. Martin, A Storm of Swords

46. The island changed the boys life and maturity level on this island. in the beginning of the book, the boys have to some how make a living on this island all of a sudden and after experiencing everything on the island, the island turned them into savages

47. I agree that the naval officers appearance is rather shocking and a big wake up call from there fantasy of killing beasts and Ralph's idea of a perfect civilization

48. Not only are the boys changing each other but this island is changing them too. The island is turning them into savages and forming their brains to make questionable and dangerous decisions.