Student Disabilities

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Student Disabilities by Mind Map: Student Disabilities

1. Autism

1.1. Developmental disability that affects verbal and non-verbal communication.

1.1.1. case study link: Classroom Strategies: Determine what motivates the student and use this to plan for lessons.

2. Deafness & Blindness:

2.1. Concurrent visual & Hearing impairments.

3. Deafness

3.1. "hearing impairment so severe that a child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance" (NICHCY, 2014).

3.2. Severe hearing impairment that affects the processing of linguistic information

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. A delay in developmental areas such as: Cognitive, Social, Emotional, Behavioral, physical, or communication.

4.1.1. Case study links

5. Emotional Disturbance

5.1. One or more of the following behaviors displayed over a long period of time: a) An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors. (b) An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers. (c) Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances. (d) A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression. (e) A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems. (NICHCY, 2014)

5.1.1. Case study link:

6. Hearing Impairment

6.1. Permanent or fluctuating hearing issues

7. Intellectual Disability

7.1. "Means significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently [at the same time] with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance" (NICHCY, 2014).

8. Multiple Disabilities

8.1. Simultaneous Impairments

9. Orthopedic Impairment

9.1. Severe orthopedic issues that seriously affect a child's performance.

10. Other Health Impairment

10.1. "having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment"(NICHCY, 2014).

11. Specific Learning Disability

11.1. "means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations" (NICHCY, 2014).

11.1.1. Classroom Strategies: Depending on the disability the teacher should make observations to see what can be implemented for extra help. There may be needs for pull out sessions for language or cognitive therapy depending on the case.

12. Speech or Language Impairment

12.1. "a communication disorder such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance" (NICHCY, 2014).

12.1.1. Classroom Strategies: Extra help such as pull out sessions for language therapy.

13. Traumatic Brain Injury

13.1. acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

14. Visual Impairment Including Blindness

14.1. "an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance" (NICHCY, 2014).