Fungal Parasitic Disease

Solve your problems or get new ideas with basic brainstorming

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Fungal Parasitic Disease by Mind Map: Fungal Parasitic Disease

1. B. Superficial Mycoses

1.1. acquired by direct contact

1.2. diseases

1.2.1. Black piedra & white piedra

1.2.2. dermatophytoses 3 genera of Ascomycetes Tricophyton sp Microsporum sp Epidermophyton floccosum Classification Anthopophilic - humans Zoophilic - animals Geophilic - soil (invasive)

1.2.3. Malassezia infection Malassezia furfur (basidiomycetes) pityriasis folliculitis seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff) Treatment ketoconazole shampoos zinc pyrithione selenium sulfide lotions

2. Mycoses

2.1. Systemic Mycoses due to pathogenic fungi

2.2. Systemic Mycoses due to Opportunistic Fungi

2.3. Superficial Mycoses

2.4. Cutaneous Mycoses

2.5. Subcutaneous Mycoses

3. Agents

3.1. True Fungal Pathogen

3.1.1. Blastomyces dermatitidis

3.1.2. Coccidioides immitis

3.1.3. Histoplasma capsulatum

3.1.4. Para coccidioides brasiliensis

3.2. Opportunistic Fungi

3.2.1. Dermatophytes Microsporum sp: Microsporum audouiinii, M. Canis Epidermophyton sp: E. floccosum Trichophyton sp: Trichophyton rubrum Tinea incognito Tinea of nails (onychomycosis) Tinea barbae: beard

4. A. True Pathogenic Fungi: Systemic Mycoses

4.1. Blastomyces

4.1.1. Blastomyces dermatitidis

4.1.2. Pulmonary Blastomycosis

4.1.3. Treatment: Itraconazole, Fluconazole, Ketonazole, Amphotericin B.

4.2. Coccidioides

4.2.1. Coccidioides immitis

4.2.2. Treatement: Amphotericin B, Ketoconazole, Fluconazole, Itraconazole

4.3. Histoplasma

4.3.1. Histoplasma capsulatum

4.4. Paracoccidioides

4.4.1. Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

4.4.2. Treatement: Amphotericin B or ketoconazole

5. A. Opportunistic Fungi: Systemic Mycoses

5.1. Aspergillus

5.1.1. Hypersensitivity aspergillosis

5.1.2. Noninvasive aspergillomas

5.1.3. Acute invasive pulmonary aspergillosis - necrosis of lung tissue

5.1.4. Nonpulmonary disease (severe than pulmonary aspergillosis)

5.1.5. Cutaneous aspergillosis

5.1.6. Systemic aspergillosis - high dose intravenous of Amphotericin B

5.2. Candida

5.2.1. Candidiasis

5.2.2. Most Common: Candida albicans

5.2.3. Diagnose: signs and clusters of budding yeast and psedohyphae

5.2.4. Treatment AIDS patient: fluconazole Invasive candiasis: Amphotericin B & 5-fluorocytosine

5.3. Cryptococcus

5.3.1. Cryptococcosis primary pulmonary cryptococcosis Invasive pulmonary cryptococcosis Cryptococcal meningitis Cryptococcoma Cutaneous cryptococcosis

5.3.2. Crptococcus neoformans (Basidiomycetes) C. neoformans gattii

5.3.3. Treatment: Amphotericin B + 5-fluorocytosine

5.4. Pneumocystis

5.4.1. Pneumocystis Pneumonia

5.4.2. Pneumocystis jiroveci - Ascomycetes

5.4.3. Almost diagnostic with Aids

5.4.4. Treatment: Antiprotozoan drugs Trimethoprim Sulfanilamide

5.5. Mucor

5.5.1. Zygomycosis Rhinocerebral zygomycosis Pulmonary zygomycosis Gastrointestinal zygomycosis Cutaneous zygomycosis

5.5.2. mucor, rhizopus & absidia - Zygomycota

5.5.3. Treatment: remove infected tissue with Amphotericin B

6. C. Cutaneous & Subcutaneous Mycoses

6.1. Chromoblastomycosis

6.1.1. Fonsecaea pedrosoi

6.1.2. F. compacta

6.1.3. Phialophora verrucosa

6.1.4. Cladophilophora carrionii

6.2. Phaeohyphomycosis

6.2.1. Caused by: Alternaria Exophiaca Wangiella Cladophialophora

6.2.2. Mycetomas Ascomycota madurella pseudallescheria exophiala acremonium acremonium

6.2.3. Sporotrichosis rose gardener's disease sporothrix schenckii: dimorphic ascomycetes Fixed cutaneous sporotrichosis Lympho-cutaneous sporotrichosis

6.2.4. Paranasal sinus phaeohyphomycosis

6.2.5. Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis