By Liam

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By Liam by Mind Map: By Liam

1. Islamic Empire

1.1. Caliph

1.1.1. Chief of muslim government and religious activities

1.1.2. Rightly Guided Calphs Uthman Distributed the Qur'an Umar Conquered regions outside Arabia Abu Bakr United waring Arabic tribes Ali Distributed the Qur'an Civil war with

1.2. Umayyad dynasty

1.2.1. Mu'awiya Established herditary succession capital of empire moved to damascus campaigned to take North africa

1.2.2. Abd al-malik stamped coins with islamic figures conquest of Byzantine and Sassinid lands Made Arabic administrative langauge

1.2.3. Walid I Expanded Territory Built Umayyad Mosque

1.3. Abbasid Dynasty

1.3.1. Al-Mansur liked Persian history and culture moved capital from Damascus to Iraq (Baghdad) Created the position of Vizer integration of Mawalis into admin. rise of ulama and four schools of sunni law

1.3.2. Harun Al-Rashid collected arab and persian fables peak of intellectual and cultural achievments

1.3.3. Mu'tasim Surrounded himself with turkish gaurds

1.3.4. Iberian expansion by 761 conqured by arabian warriors unified the Spanish people intermarried with locals many great buildings constructed Alhambra

1.4. Fatimid Dynasty

1.4.1. Spanned all of north africa

1.4.2. centered in egypt

1.5. Sultan

1.5.1. A dictatorial rule over a province in the Islamic empire

1.5.2. Saladin First Sultan of Egypt and Syria Lead opposition against the crusaders at Levant

1.6. Ottoman Empire

1.6.1. the final stage of the Islamic empire

1.6.2. centered in turkey

2. Islam (Religion)

2.1. The Qur'an

2.1.1. a record of what Muhammed has been told

2.1.2. Written own by Muhammed's followers

2.1.3. Must wash self before use

2.1.4. the literal word of god

2.1.5. describes the five pillars of islam

2.2. Beliefs

2.2.1. Prophet Muhammed No more prophets to to mankind. Muhammed last one

2.2.2. Five Pillars of Islam Shahadah The following prayer is repeated daily Salat At least five times a day a muslim must pray Zakat 2.5% of total assets must be given to poor or widows Sawm During the month of Ramadan muslims fast from dawn till dusk. Hajj If Believers can afford it, a pilgrimage to mecca must be made at least once in a lifetime

2.2.3. Jews and Christians are to be respected

2.2.4. Practice goodly-ness Humility alms to the poor forgive enemines be patient return good for evil Sufi Stories

2.2.5. forbidden to eat pork worship graven images accept interest of personal loans drink have a representation of god or muhammed gamble

2.2.6. No sacrement or priesthood

2.2.7. may practice polygamy

2.2.8. Promise of salvation Paradise You die in the defense of Islam, you will go to paradise Infidels are condemned to hell

2.2.9. Judgement day Resurrection of the dead

2.3. Worship

2.3.1. The Mosque is the Islamic place of worship minerat A place where a muezzin calls prayer to the city muezzin

2.3.2. Praying is one the five pillars called salat

2.3.3. To pray is to take out your duty to God

2.3.4. The main point of Muslim prayer is communicating with Allah using Arabic

2.3.5. Before prayer and reading the Qur'an, you must wash yourself to be pure before god called wudu

2.3.6. Imam is the priest like figure

2.3.7. Salah can happen anywhere, it can take place at a Mosque or a home but wudu and a prayer mat must me used must wash self must use prayer mat

2.4. Prophet Muhammed

2.4.1. Prophet Muhammed is very important in Islam and is highly respected by all Muslims

2.4.2. first wife was Khadija

2.4.3. Jibril came down from heaven and gave him a revelation

2.4.4. Prophet Muhammed taught people in Meccah about Allah even though he was at risk as people worshipped idols then

2.4.5. helped place the black stone a stone said to have fallen from god

2.4.6. Conducted the Hegira/Hijrah the flock of Muhammed and his followers from mecca to medina

2.5. Sects

2.5.1. Sunni believed Believed caliphate should be elected anyone can be part of the caliphate 85% of all muslims Wahabi Branch of sunni very very fundamentalist

2.5.2. Shia could be known as Shi'ite believed the caliphate should be hereditary and needs to be direct decendant of muhammmed 15% of muslims Mostly muslim fundimentalists ismali branch of shia very very progressive

3. Islamic Society

3.1. Gender issues

3.1.1. many misconceptions about islamic gender issues because of pre judging the religon on actions of few the lack of distiction between culture and religion

3.1.2. role of men and women men to earn livelyhood for family importance of motherhood and educators for women however Equality before god Qu'ran 4:124

3.1.3. status of women the prophet Muhammed holds in high regard wasail al-shiah v.3 p.6 quoted saying "heaven lies beneath the feet of mothers'

3.1.4. Marrige marigage highly encouraged sex before marriage banned for both sexs NO adultery punishment 100 whips divorce frowned apon male can for any reason female can only divorce if male is dower necessary for marriage gift to wife Polygamy not a rule islam resrticted polygamy condition for wives need context for marriage prophet muhammad

3.1.5. Hijab both men and women different phases

3.1.6. disciplinary action islam does not condone or promote physical punishment conditions

3.1.7. Inheritance Sons receive 2/3 women get 1/3 mothers and fathers receive the same amount from their children

3.2. Architecture

3.2.1. Arabesque vine like art on the wall of mosques and buildings

3.2.2. caligraphy the creation of words was an art form

3.2.3. dome of the rock beautiful building built in jeruslem constructed by the Umayyad Caliph

3.2.4. lattice work for ventilation on windows

3.3. Sheria Law

3.3.1. Death apostasy desertion of ones faith highway robbery adultery stoning

3.3.2. right hand cut off theft

3.3.3. 80 lashes drinking alcohol

3.4. Contrabutions

3.4.1. Education founded many universities preserved greco-roman culture

3.4.2. mathematics arabic numerals futhered algebra, geometry and trig

3.4.3. Physical Science prepared new chemical compounds new metal refining and cloth dyeing gained knowledge of light and vision

3.4.4. Medicine used anesthetics compiled medical textbook

3.4.5. agriculture improved rotating crops fertalizer

3.4.6. industry made many things leather steel cloth glass smooth paper rugs

3.4.7. literature kept great libraries

3.4.8. langauge spread arabic langauge made many english words alcohal algebra almanae cipher coffee cotten syrup sofa