Theories

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Theories by Mind Map: Theories

1. Developmental Domains

1.1. Physical-Motor

1.1.1. Gross Motor

1.1.2. Fine Motor

1.1.3. Perceptual Motor

1.2. Affective

1.2.1. Social

1.2.2. Emotional

1.2.3. Creative

1.2.4. Spititual

1.3. Intellectual

1.3.1. Communication

1.3.1.1. Cognitive

1.3.1.2. Language

2. Nature vs. Nurture

2.1. Nature

2.1.1. born good

2.2. Nurture

2.2.1. tabula rasa

3. Psychodynamic Theory

3.1. Sigmund Freud

3.1.1. Psychoanalytic Theory

3.1.1.1. sexual drive

3.1.1.2. survival instincts

3.1.1.3. destructiveness

3.1.2. Psychosexual Development

3.1.2.1. Oral

3.1.2.1.1. Birth - 2

3.1.2.1.2. Mouth as a source of pleasure

3.1.2.1.3. Eating and Teething

3.1.2.2. Anal

3.1.2.2.1. 2-3

3.1.2.2.2. Bowel Movements as a source of pleasure

3.1.2.2.3. Potty Training

3.1.2.3. Phallic

3.1.2.3.1. 3-6

3.1.2.3.2. Genitals source of pleasure

3.1.2.3.3. Conscience development

3.1.2.4. Latency

3.1.2.4.1. 6-12

3.1.2.4.2. Sexual forces dormant

3.1.2.4.3. Schoolwork and sports

3.1.2.5. Genital

3.1.2.5.1. 12-18

3.1.2.5.2. Genitals source of pleasure

3.1.3. Personality

3.1.3.1. ID

3.1.3.1.1. seeks satisficaiton

3.1.3.2. Ego

3.1.3.2.1. sense of self

3.1.3.3. Superego

3.1.3.3.1. right and wrong

3.2. Erik Erikson

3.2.1. Psychosocial Theory

3.2.1.1. Trust vs. Mistrust

3.2.1.1.1. Newborns

3.2.1.2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

3.2.1.2.1. Toddlers

3.2.1.3. Initiative vs. Guilt

3.2.1.3.1. Childhood

3.2.1.4. Competence (or industry) vs. Inferiority

3.2.1.4.1. School

3.2.1.5. Search for identity vs. Role confusion

3.2.1.5.1. Adolescence

3.2.1.6. Intimacy (love and friendship) vs. Isolation (loneliness)

3.2.1.6.1. Young Adulthood

3.2.1.7. Generativity (caring for next generation) vs. Stagnation

3.2.1.7.1. Grown- ups

3.2.1.8. Intergrity vs. Despair

3.2.1.8.1. Old Age

4. Behaviorism Theory

4.1. Classical Conditioning

4.1.1. Ques a behavior at a specific stimului

4.2. Operant Conditioning

4.2.1. Positive Reinforcer

4.2.2. Negative Reinforcer

4.3. Modeling

4.3.1. Observational learning

5. Cognitive Theory

5.1. Jean Piaget

5.1.1. Thinking and learning are an interaction between the person and the enviroment

5.1.1.1. Sensorimotor stage

5.1.1.1.1. 0-2

5.1.1.2. Preoperational stage

5.1.1.2.1. 2-6 or 7

5.1.1.3. Concrete operational stage

5.1.1.3.1. 6 - 12

5.1.1.4. Formal operational stage

5.1.1.4.1. 12- Adulthood

5.1.2. Assimilation

5.1.2.1. adding new to the old

5.1.3. Accommodation

5.1.3.1. tweaking old information to fit new views

5.1.4. Equilibration

5.1.4.1. making sense of experiences

6. Sociocultral Theory

6.1. Zone of proximal development

6.1.1. learn difficult things with help

6.2. Scaffolding

6.2.1. support in learning

6.3. Private speech

6.3.1. self talk

6.4. Vygotsky

7. Ecological Theory

7.1. Urie Bronfenbrenner

8. Multiple Intelligence Theory

8.1. Howard Gardner

8.1.1. Musical Intelligence

8.1.1.1. think in music and keep a tune

8.1.2. Bodily - Kinesthetic Intelligence

8.1.2.1. use all parts of body to solve problems or make something

8.1.3. Logical - Mathematical Intelligence

8.1.3.1. thinking in a logical linear pattern, understanding principles

8.1.4. Linguistic Intellegence

8.1.4.1. use language to express things

8.1.5. Spatial Intelligence

8.1.5.1. people who can do mind maps without a computer

8.1.6. Interpersonal Intelligence

8.1.6.1. work well in groups

8.1.7. Intrapersonal Intelligence

8.1.7.1. understand yourself

8.1.8. Naturalist Intelligence

8.1.8.1. sensitivity to nature

8.1.9. Existential Intelligence

8.1.9.1. considering beyond

9. Humanistic Theory

9.1. Maslow

9.1.1. Hierarchy of needs