Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece by Mind Map: Ancient Greece

1. Sparta

1.1. Religion

1.1.1. festivals hyakinthia named after hyakinthos who was a person who liked apollo but died because apollo accidentally hit him Gymnopaedae battle of thyrea was fought agains argos

1.1.2. gods worshiped pantheon uniting gods with everyday instituitions

1.2. Roles

1.2.1. boys they become soldiers to serve the country they turn into slaves for rich people

1.2.2. girls they were removed from home at 7 to go to school they had the role similar to women but they went to school at 7 to learn wrestling and alot of sports they were to turn into strong women so they could give birth to strong men

1.2.3. men they are soldiers for the state they protect the land during war

1.2.4. women they were important and wartime but they took care of their children until they were 7 years old they gave birth to strong men they sometimes had control over their own properties

1.3. Clothes

1.3.1. home-made garments

1.3.2. made of fabric spun at home or linen fabric

1.3.3. pins for fastening the seams and shoulders and shoes

1.4. Slaves

1.4.1. they served rich people

1.4.2. had owners and did what ever they said

1.4.3. made armour and food

1.5. Citizens

1.5.1. only people who had education

1.5.2. very few citizen since not many came from sparta

1.5.3. either soldier or slave

1.5.4. at 20 they have graduation to become full citizen but only for boys

1.6. Education

1.6.1. only boys recieved the good education

1.6.2. they usually began education at 7

1.7. Households

1.7.1. 2 or mmore people in a house

1.7.2. not many people because boys had to go to train

1.7.3. there were only wives and probably a few children under the age of seven because all children were taken away when they were 7

1.7.4. poor people had no house to live in except live on the streets

1.8. Weddings

1.8.1. started after dark

1.8.2. brides would ride in chariots

1.8.3. brides would be carried on the men's shoulder to show his strength

1.9. participation in olympics

1.9.1. they participated in

1.9.2. the spartans tried to lie and cheat in the onlympic games

1.9.3. they introduced athletic nudity

1.10. Soldiers

1.10.1. they trained in pankration wrestingling and grappling

1.10.2. one soldier was worth several men of other states

1.11. Type of Government

1.11.1. oligarchy

1.11.2. monarchy

1.11.3. democracy

2. Athens

2.1. Religion

2.1.1. they believed in Athena

2.1.2. muslims

2.1.3. christians

2.1.4. women could participate freely when it came to religion

2.2. Citizens

2.2.1. only men no women and only a few men because their ancestors had to be from greece or athens

2.2.2. had simple houses

2.3. Households

2.3.1. the women were in charge of all the households if she was rich she wouldnt have to do more work and if she was poor she would have to do more work in the house

2.3.2. the wives weren't allowed to answer the door when a male came to visit they lived in a room upstairs where there were very few windows

2.4. clothes

2.4.1. men/boys battle/work tunics specialevents long loose robe

2.4.2. women/girls dorian large piece of cloth folded over at top fastened on each shoulder ionian was most popular no fold at top and sewed and pinned not fastened

2.5. Roles

2.5.1. Boys rich they would go to school and after they would go wrestling or boxing poor they would stay home and help harvest the crops during harvest then they would go to school for the rest of the year

2.5.2. Men they worked or exercised attended assemblys

2.5.3. Women they would do chores around the house they would cook for their families

2.5.4. Girls stayed home to help their mum

2.6. slaves

2.6.1. weak slaves were sold for $9

2.6.2. didnt usually live long

2.6.3. could not use their own names

2.7. Education

2.7.1. aimed at the child's development of physical and moral qualities

2.7.2. began on first day of birth

2.7.3. the first years were dedicated to playing

2.8. Weddings

2.8.1. The father chose the husband

2.8.2. they never picked husbands that the wife-to-be knew

2.9. Olympics

2.9.1. they did not cheat

2.9.2. they use teamwork instead of lying and cheating

2.10. Soldiers

2.10.1. they wore helmets with some hair at the top

2.10.2. they were ranked by how much money you had

2.11. type of government

2.11.1. democracy

3. Argos

3.1. Religion

3.1.1. They worshiped Hela

3.1.2. Argos had a temple called Heraeum which was sacred to the goddess Hela

3.1.3. A large large temple was build on Heraeum after the dorian invasion

3.2. Households

3.2.1. They lived in stone houses

3.2.2. they were filled with manure and mud

3.2.3. Some houses were two-story

3.3. Clothes

3.3.1. Their mothers made their clothes

3.3.2. They were either tunics or cloaks

3.3.3. Tunics were used for summer and cloaks were used for winter

3.3.4. there were also chitions for rich men and their wives

3.4. Type of government

3.4.1. Monarchy

3.4.2. Tyranny

3.4.3. Inarchos who was a king founded argos

3.5. Roles

3.5.1. Men/Boys they went fishing and farming to get food for their kids boys went to school at 6 and participated in gymnastics to have a healthy mind and body

3.5.2. Women/Girls women ran the household and looked after the slaves girls stayed home to help their mothers with the chores girls participated in religious festivals however in poor houses women had to work on their own

3.6. Slaves

3.6.1. Slaves helped wifes with the housework

3.6.2. They acted like the children's private tutor

3.6.3. Slave were kind of like women They could not participate in politics or go to school or anything a man could do

3.7. Education

3.7.1. Boys began education at 6 or 7

3.7.2. Boys studied literature, poetry and history

3.8. Weddings

3.8.1. Weddings in Argos were celebrated by having a large banquet

3.9. Olympics

3.9.1. The flag has green and red stripes

3.9.2. Argos did not win much since they specialised in education instead of sports

4. Corinth

4.1. Religion

4.1.1. They worhipped Poseidon and Aphrodite

4.1.2. there is a temple of aphrodite on a acrocorinth

4.1.3. at some point in history the temple was destroyed

4.2. Citizens

4.2.1. The citizens were free men that take part in everyday situations

4.2.2. They were only men which had political rights

4.3. Households

4.3.1. The second story in the shops was supposed to be living space

4.3.2. The ground floor was probably for richer people

4.4. Clothing

4.4.1. Most families made their own clothes

4.4.2. It was either made out of wool or linen

4.5. Roles

4.5.1. Roles of Women Women took care of the house while their husbands were out doing their jobs Had to raise their children

4.5.2. Roles of Men They went out working for money They helped unemployed men get jobs

4.5.3. Roles of Boys When they were 7 they went to school They were trained to become a soldier so that when war came the soldier would fight in the war.

4.5.4. Roles of Girls They were sent to school As they grew older they became like a women and she had to take care of the house

4.6. Slaves

4.6.1. When romans took over Corinth they took as many slaves as they could take

4.6.2. After a period of years the slaves were set free back into Corinth

4.7. Education

4.7.1. They specialised in the arts and science

4.7.2. When they were little kids they were taught at home by their parents

4.8. Participation IN olympics

4.8.1. They were always honest

4.8.2. They always cheered for the winning person of each event

4.9. Soldiers

4.9.1. They had a great impact on the Persian War

4.9.2. They sent 400 soldiers and 40 ships

4.10. Type of Government

4.10.1. Tyranny Cypselus

4.10.2. Monarchy Periander

4.10.3. Oligarchy

5. Megara

5.1. Religion

5.1.1. They worshiped Athena

5.1.2. They also worshiped Apollo but once Athens joined with Megara they did not worship Apollo anymore

5.2. Clothing

5.2.1. Home-made fabric

5.2.2. Had many colours

5.2.3. Sometimes made from leather

5.3. Roles

5.3.1. Role of men Attended politics In charge of most things in the house

5.3.2. Role of boys Attended school at the age of 7 Tutored by slaves or moms until 7 yrs old

5.3.3. Role of girls Like other girls they stayed at home and helped their mothers with the housework Grow into a woman and give birth to children

5.3.4. Role of women Cooking Cleaning Making clothes for their children They had no say in politics

5.4. Slaves

5.4.1. They helped the mothers with the housework

5.4.2. The male slaves tutored the children

5.4.3. Thought as tools

5.5. Education

5.5.1. Children were tutored by male slaves and their moms until they were 7 years of age

5.5.2. When 7 they would attend school

5.5.3. They would be taught almost everything that is taught in school nowadays

5.6. Participation in Olympics

5.6.1. they will never cheer for athens when they dont win

5.6.2. Orsippos of Megara won the foot race in 720 BCE and was the first greek to run naked

5.7. Soldiers

5.7.1. During Peloponnesian War Megara helped Sparta out.

5.7.2. It sent out 3000 armed soldiers and 20 ships

5.8. Type of government

5.8.1. It was a democracy

5.8.2. Known for giving citizens freedom