Causes of american civil war

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Causes of american civil war by Mind Map: Causes of american civil war

1. Missouri compromise

1.1. 1820

1.2. Missouri compromise

1.3. As America begin moving west the issue of weather or not they should be allowed in the new states forming out west became an issue. The first state in which this became an issue was Missouri.

2. Wilmont proviso

2.1. 1848

2.2. Wilmount proviso

2.3. Since the Missouri compromise did not apply to the large territory gained from Mexico in 1848, representative David wilmot of Pennsylvania proposed that congress ban slavery in all American war. The proposal passed in the house but failed in the state.

3. Free-soil party

3.1. 1848

3.2. Free-soil party

3.3. In the election of1848 , both the political party and the democratic hoped to win by not taking a Stand on the issue of slavery. Antislavery Whigs and democratics joined forces to create a new political party. It called for the territory gained in the Mexican American war to be free soil , a place where slavery was banned.

4. Election of Zachary Taylor

4.1. 1848

4.2. Election of zachary Taylor

4.3. In the election of1848 the controversy over the wilmont proviso led to the development of the free soil party. Democrats nominated senator Lewis cass of Michigan the Whigs nominated free-soil and the free-soil party nominated former democratic president Martin van butin senator cass suggested that the people in each new territory should vote for themselves weather or not to allow slavery. Zachary Taylor , hero of the Mexican-American war won the electioIn the election of1848 the controversy over the wilmont proviso led to the development of the free soil party. Democrats nominated senator Lewis cass of Michigan the Whigs nominated free-soil and the free-soil party nominated former democratic president Martin van butin senator cass suggested that the people in each new territory should vote for themselves weather or not to allow slavery. Zachary Taylor , hero of the Mexican-American war won the election.

5. The compromise of 1850

5.1. 1850

5.2. The compromise of 1850

5.3. Gold was found in California the thousands moved to the area. Soon the territory had enough people to be admitted as a state. Since it was above the Missouri compromise line, people felt it would be a free state.

6. The fugitive slave act

6.1. 1850

6.2. The fugitive slave act

6.3. Allowed special government officials to arrest any person accused of being a runaway slave. Suspects had no right to a trial to prove that they have been falsely accused. All it took was a slaveholder or any white witness to swear that the suspect was a slaveholder property. The law also required northern citizens to help capture accused runaways if authorities requested assistance.

7. Uncle toms cabin

7.1. 1852

7.2. Uncle toms cabin

7.3. Written by marriet beacher Stowe in 1852, it was a novel about kindly Uncle Tom, an enslaved man who abused by the cruel Simon legree. The book became a best seller in the north. It shocked thousands of people who had been unconcerned with slavery before reading the book.

8. The Kansas-Nebraska act

8.1. 1854

8.2. The Kansas-Nebraska act

8.3. Senator Stephen dougles pushed through the act in 1854 which led the nation closer to slavery he wanted to see a railroad built from Illinois through the Nebraska territory to the pacific coast. He suggested creating two new territories the Kansas territory and the Nebraska. To win southern support, he suggested that the issue of slavery be resolved by popular sovernty. This would undo the Missouri compromise.

9. Bleeding Kansas

9.1. 1855

9.2. Bleeding kansas

9.3. Both pro & anti slavery settlers flooded to Kansas to try and win the majority. Thousands of people from Missouri entered Kansas in march of 1855 to vote illegally in the election of a territorial legislature. Kansas had 3000 voters but almost 8000 people voted.

10. Bloodshed in the senate

10.1. 1855

10.2. Bloodshed in the senate

10.3. Charles summer of Massachusetts was the leading abolitionist senator and made fiery speeches denouncing the proslavery legislature in Kansas. In one of the speeches he single out Andrew who was an elderly senator from South Carolina who was not present when he gave his speech.

11. Republican Party

11.1. 1854

11.2. Republican Party

11.3. The Whig party spilt in 1854 and many northern Whig formed a new political party called the republican party.

12. Election of 1856

12.1. 1856

12.2. Election of 1856

12.3. The first republican John c. Fremont waged a strong antislavery campaign and won 11 of the 16 free states. Democrats James banchanan won the election.

13. Dred Scott vs. Sanford case

13.1. 1856

13.2. Dred Scott vs. Sanford case

13.3. Dred Scott was an enslaved person who had once been owned by a u.s. army doctor.

14. The Lincoln and Douglas debates

14.1. 1858

14.2. The Lincoln and Douglas debates

14.3. Lincoln was chosen as the Whigs candidate for senate against senator Stephen dougles in 1858. Lincoln and dougles was political and personal rivals . Both dated marry Todd and she married Lincoln. Lincoln challenged dougles to a series of public debate. Thousands gathered to hear them speak . Newspaper reported what each man said throughout the nation. Dougles defended speak and said each state had the right to decide for or against slavery.

15. John brown attacks harpers ferry

15.1. 1859

15.2. John brown attacks harpers ferry

15.3. John brown was driven out Kansas after the pottanatomie creek massacre and returned to New England. He begin a plot to free people in the south that were enslaved. In1859, brown and a small group of supporters attracted the town of Harper ferry, verging. His goel to take control of the guns that the u.s. army had stored there. He thought that enslaved African American will support him. He would give them weapons and led a evolution.

16. Political parties divide

16.1. 1860

16.2. Political parties divide

16.3. The Republican Party split into two parties during the election of 1860 because northern democrats refused to support slavery in the territories. Some southerners wanted to fix the problems between the north and the south and formed the constitution union party. They wanted to protect slavery and keep the nation together.

17. Election of 1860

17.1. 1860

17.2. Election of 1860

17.3. Republicans chose Abraham Lincoln to run for president in 1860. Northern democrats nominated Stephen douglal as their candidate. Southern democrats chose Vice President John Breckinridge of Kentucky. The constitutional union nominated John bell of Tennessee. The election showed just had fragment the nation had became. Lincoln won Kentucky , Tennessee , and Virginia. Dougles won Missouri.

18. Southern states secede

18.1. 1860

18.2. Southern states secede

18.3. Lincoln election made the south feel that they no longer had a voice in the national government. They believed that the president and congress were against there interest, especially slavery. South California seceded first when news of Lincoln election reached the state. They called for a special convection.

19. The confederate states of America

19.1. 1861

19.2. The confederate states of America

19.3. In February 1861, the leaders of the seven states that left the union met in Montgomery , Alabama to form a new nation that they called the confedert states of america. By the time Lincoln took office in march, they had written a constitution and named former senator Jefferson Davis as president.

20. The crittenden plan

20.1. 1861

20.2. The crittenden plan

20.3. A plan devolved by senator John j. Crittenden of Kentucky to the compromise with the south for one last time. It was presented to congress in late febuary, 1861 while the south was forming its new government but it did not pass.