Responding to the Great Depression

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Responding to the Great Depression by Mind Map: Responding to the Great Depression

1. Bennett's New Deal

1.1. Roosevelt's New Deal

1.1.1. Created new deal for the US supporting the unemployed and farmers Introduced the Social Security Act which included assistance programs Old age pension Unemployment insurance Financial assistance for mothers and children Did not get out of depression but helped millions Pushed towards brighter future

1.2. Prior to the 1935 election, Bennett proposed his own plan on the Radio

1.2.1. Reluctant to spend money on relief but shocked everyone with his announcement on his radio Fair tax payments Insurance to support workers Min. Wage, regulated work hours, and better working conditions Pension to support workers over 65 Agriculture support programs to manage wheat prices Many saw this as a desperation act in order to gain votes and questioned his ability to go through with his plan To late

1.3. People thought he was doing this to get votes

1.3.1. to little to late for him lost the election to King's liberals

2. The Governments Response

2.1. Prime Minister Mackenzie King

2.1.1. Unprepared for the Great Depression Believed it was temporarily The economy would recover back but just take some time

2.1.2. Did not support the provincial government Stated that he would not give, "a five-cent piece" Gave the opposition(conservatives) more power

2.1.3. Told Canadians to go to the municipal and provincial government for financial help The financial struggle had bankrupt many municipalities

2.2. Richard Bedford Bennett

2.2.1. Won election against Mackenzie King Majority government

2.2.2. The On-To-Ottawa Trek More than a thousand men left relief camp to protest In Vancouver they gathered to gather and held rallies and collected money for food Demand higher pay Camp Conditions The Relief Camp workers Union men decided to take complaints to the Prime Minister Supported by donations of food and supplies Regina, Saskatchewan

2.2.3. Bennett's Response Called RCMP ino stop them Ordered to clear the Trekkers from stadium Attacked the leaders as communist radicals and troublemakers Created a network of camps to help them during the depression Closed relief camps in 1936

2.2.4. Introduced numerous measures Unemployment Relief Act Gave the province $20 million for creation programs Raised Tarrifs by more than 50 percent Protecting the Canadian Companies The Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Act in 1935 To help farmers build irritations and reservoirs

3. Federal and Provincial Tension

3.1. Rowell-Sirios Report

3.1.1. Recommended that the federal government be responsible for unemployment insurance and other social benefits

3.1.2. Recommended that the Federal Government give grants to the poorer provinces "Equalization Payments"

3.2. But the economy was turning good and people were finding jobs

3.2.1. So the commission never really got into affect immediately After WORLD WAR 2

3.3. The rich provinces did not like the idea of their tax money going to other provinces

3.3.1. believed that they will lose their power

3.3.2. This created conflict in where the tax dollars should go

4. Provincial Solutions and Change in Federal Government

4.1. Voters made their voices heard by electing new governments

4.1.1. In Ontario the liberals were elected for the first time in 29 years

4.1.2. BC also elected the liberal

5. Political Shift in Canada

5.1. Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF)

5.1.1. Founded by the prairie provinces in 1932

5.1.2. First socialist party in Canada

5.1.3. Advocated that government should control economy so all Canadians would be equal

5.1.4. Formed the opposition in BC and Sask.

5.2. The Social Credit Party

5.2.1. Political Party from Western Canada Believed Capitalism was a wasteful economic system Leader was William "Bible Bill" Aberhart Promised Citizens a dividend of $25 a month Won 17 seats with 50% popularity in Alberta Believed government should release money into economy so people could spend it

5.3. Union Nationale

5.3.1. Party from Quebec which supported Quebec Nationalism Led by Maurice Duplessis Blamed Quebec's Problems on English Minority Remained Premier until 1959 Fought for improved working conditions and more social equality Did not fully implement their policies and broke many promises