compare and contrast diverse social and economic structures within the societies of Aboriginal, F...

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compare and contrast diverse social and economic structures within the societies of Aboriginal, French and British peoples in pre-Confederation Canada by exploring and reflecting upon the following questions and issues: by Mind Map: compare and contrast diverse social and economic structures within the societies of Aboriginal, French and British peoples in pre-Confederation Canada by exploring and reflecting upon the following questions and issues:

1. • How did the structures of Aboriginal societies affect decision making in each society 
(i.e., role and status of women, consensus building)?

1.1. They would all have equal share in the decision make but not in roles.

1.1.1. Mi'kmaq The Council included Elders, Band or Village Chiefs, and other distinguished members of the community. The council consisted of men and women. No major decision was made without the district chief and the councils full participation. Decision-making was done by in two councils (one for civil matters, the other for war). The councils only consisted of men.

1.1.2. Ojibwa They would have a discussion until they have come to a consensus and agree on one thing. The leaders are chosen by the creator of the topic for their strengths in a certain topic. Elders and warriors were highly regarded.

1.1.3. Iroquois The village council would view the opinions of the tribe or clan. The village council will report to the council of nations, then they would report to the grand council/confederacy

1.2. An assignment we have done:

2. • What were the social and economic factors of European imperialism?

2.1. The four C's Curiosity, Christianity, Competition, and Cash. For curiosity they wanted to see what land across the was was like and harvest there resources. For Christianity they thought that Christianity was the only religion and that everybody across the world should believe in god. So setting up churches across the world would help spread their religion. For competition they empires were competing with each other to become more powerful, have more money, and have more land. And for cash or economy it would put more money in the empires hands, they would have much more resources, and it would help their economy greatly.

3. • In what ways did European imperialism impact the social and economic structures of 
Aboriginal societies?

3.1. They were impacted because the imperialism implied a threat to all of the aboriginals. Some were alined with one of the colonist and enemies with the others. It would impact them because they would have to train more hunters or warriors to fight the colonists. Their land would be slowly taken away from them. They would also have to fight a lot and find safe heavens from their enemies. Also the colonist were trying to force the aboriginals to be part of their religion.

4. • Who were the key figures in the French exploration and settlement of North America?

4.1. Jacques Cartier: He was sent to America to find a secret passage from America to Asia. But during his journey he stole Donnacona.

4.2. Pierre de Monts: He was a french noble, he received a monopoly to set up a colony in America. The colony he set up was on the bay of Fundy. It was meant for a small trade post and fishing colony. His colony enlarged to become Quebec the capitol of modern day Canada.

4.3. Samuel de Champlain: He was the founder of Quebec and is considered the founder of new France. Him and Pierre de Monts are considered the founders of Quebec and new France. Pierre and him self sailed to Port Royal to set up a colony for trading and fishing.

4.4. Louis the XIV: He was the king of France during New France.

4.5. Rene Robert Cavalier: He explored the great lakes of Canada and America. He studied jesuits and he became a priest. On his first voyage he sailed down to Kentucky, but the falls their allowed him to go no further.

4.6. Pierre Radisson: He was tortured and escaped two times. He also helped with Hudson bay. When he was captured by the Mohawks, he learned their language and fought in wars with them.

5. • What roles did the Royal Government and the Catholic Church play in the social structure of 
New France (i.e., governor, intendant, Jesuits, religious congregations)?

5.1. Governor

5.1.1. The most powerful person below the royal King and the government of france. They were usually an army officer or a noble. He was in charge of the defence of the colony.

5.2. Intendant

5.2.1. The second most powerful person. He was in charge of the day-to-day affairs like roads building maybe theft. And managed the economy of the colony. An assignment we did showing this:

5.3. Religious Stature

5.3.1. They were in charge of the church and the upkeep of it. They also had a very important role in politics. They had the most important building in the colony and had a lot of power of the people but not in the council.

6. • Who were the key figures in the British exploration and settlement of North America?

6.1. John Cabot: He sailed to the waters near newfoundland and saw how plentiful the fishing was. Later he told other people and they came and started a fishing colony. When he came he cut off the Beothuk's coast where they fish, afraid of the newcomers they avoided them. When the fishers went back to Britain the Beothuk would raid the fishing stations. When the British returned they were hostile towards each other. So the British hunted them down until 1828 when there was only one left in an english family. She told the people about her old way of life.

6.2. Henry Hudson: He made two attempts to find for the english merchants a passage to china for trading. He explored modern day New York when trying to find the passage to Asia.

6.3. John Guy: He was an English merchant adventurer, colonist and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1621 to 1624. He was the first Proprietary Governor of Newfoundland and led the first attempt to establish a colony on the island.

6.4. Anne Hyde/Queen Anne: She was the queen during the founding of new england or the 13 colonies. he helped fund some of the voyages.

6.5. Walter Raleigh: He was an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, and explorer. He is also well known for popularizing tobacco.

6.6. King Charles II: He was the king of the time of new England. He helped fund voyages to new England.

6.7. Henry Kelsey: He was and explorer and a fur trader. He was responsible for helping found hudson bay company. He was also the first recored European to travel into modern Saskatchewan, He has gotten a school named after him.

6.8. Anthony Henday: He was the first white man to explore the interior of northeast Canada. He found fairly safe "roads" to trade across canada. Some of the roads now a day are named after him.

7. • What role did the British government play in the settlement of North America?

7.1. The government played a big role in the settlement of North America. The government payed for most of the voyages to the new colony, and also payed for the colonist to go to the new colonies. With out them they people probably wouldn't have made a settlement in North America. The also made the mercantilism system to make the colony survive and thrive. The reason the King helped pay for the voyages and settlement was because he wanted his empire to rule over the others, to have more money, land, resources, and to spread their religion.

8. • What were the different ways in which Aboriginal societies were structured (i.e., Iroquois 
Confederacy, Ojibwa, Mi’kmaq)?

8.1. Mi'kmaq

8.1.1. The Mi'kmaq's society was structure into districts. The districts would share resources and live in harmony with each other. Each district would have it's own independent government, but it still was part of the larger grand council.

8.2. Ojibwa

8.2.1. They structured their society by separating the people and putting them in the clan with the same strengths as him or herself. The clan would be represented by a animal with similar strengths.

8.3. Iroquois Confederacy

8.3.1. The Iroquois society structure was very open to the people of the clan. Every person has the right to talk to the clan mother and the chiefs. Nobody was left out of the decision making.

8.4. An assignment I have done:

9. • How was European imperialism responsible for the development of Acadia, New France and 
British settlements?

9.1. They were responsible because the first settlement they made on the coast eventually turned into Acadia. With out the fighting new colonies might not have spread out as far as they did, they might have just spread out a little. With out the constant tension between the two fighting for the land, separated small colonies would have happened so they wouldn't have enough resources. Lastly with out people there wanting land there would have been no Acadia.

9.2. British Settlements:

9.3. French Settlement (some of it is):

9.4. Acadia was on Port-Royal on the bay of Fundy. Acadia was meant to be just a fishing colony but it grew to become even larger. The main city of Acadia was modern Quebec. The reason it was in Quebec was because it was at the end of the river so trading was very easy.