7.1.3 compare and contrast diverse social and economic structures within the societies of Aborigi...

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7.1.3 compare and contrast diverse social and economic structures within the societies of Aboriginal, French and British peoples in pre-Confederation Canada by exploring and reflecting upon the following questions and issues: by Mind Map: 7.1.3 compare and contrast diverse social and economic structures within the societies of Aboriginal, French and British peoples in pre-Confederation Canada by exploring and reflecting upon the following questions and issues:

1. • What were the different ways in which Aboriginal societies were structured (i.e., Iroquois 
Confederacy, Ojibwa, Mi’kmaq)?

1.1. The Iroquois had several groups within them, and each group had a chief and clan mother

1.2. The Mi'kmaq split their territory into districts, and each district had and government and chief who made decisions.

1.3. The Ojibwa was split into 7 different clans, which each had a certain responsibility.

1.3.1. The Loon and Crane Clans had positions of

1.3.2. The Fish Clan were teachers and scholars

1.3.3. The Bear Clan were the defenders of the village, or enforcers

1.3.4. The Martin Clan were the hunters and warriors

1.3.5. The Hoof Clan were healers

1.3.6. The Bird Clan were the spiritual leaders, essentially religious leaders

1.4. The had some of the same principles, such as all genders are equal, and that everyone should have their opinion heard. So they all believed in consensus.

2. • What were the social and economic factors of European imperialism?

2.1. Curiosity

2.1.1. They wanted to discover and explore new places

2.2. Compeitition

2.2.1. Most European countries were at war with each other

2.3. Religion

2.3.1. Europeans wanted to spread their religion to other countries

2.4. Resource War

2.4.1. By having more resources, the home country could have more money

3. • In what ways did European imperialism impact the social and economic structures of 
Aboriginal societies?

3.1. Imperialism demanded resources, which meant that the Europeans also wanted to take the First Nations resources. That also meant killing off all their food

3.2. They also brought in diseases from their homeland, which killed many First Nations who didn't have immunity to the diseases.

3.3. They wanted to expand into their territory, so the Europeans forced them out of their homes. The children had to go to residential schools, and the others lived in First Nations reserves.

3.4. Now that they had guns, they didn't need to by proficient stalkers, rather they could just shoot it. Which removed an important part of their society, the bow and arrow.

3.5. With the Blackfoot, they over hunted the buffalo, since Blackfoot had an easier way to hunt their prey, they got more meat. But an important part of their life, the buffalo, began to decline.

4. • How was European imperialism responsible for the development of Acadia, New France and 
British settlements?

4.1. The Europeans wanted to expand their empires in order to increase their countries power.

4.2. They sought to build these settlements in order to expand their empires. By building settlements, they take that areas resources to increase their own countries power.

4.3. They believed that the Native Americans were inferior to them, so they sought to take advantage against the "savages" as they so called them.

4.3.1. By trading to them alcohol, and firearms, they wanted to sow chaos throughout the First Nations, and eradicate them.

4.3.2. Alcohol, metal objects, firearms, etc. were something new to the First Nations, so by trading to the First Nations common objects by European standards, they got more out of it.

4.4. By building these settlements, they could trade with the First Nations all year round, and therefore earn more by exporting more goods out of the colonies.

4.5. Many conflicts held were partially because that England was Protestant, and France was Catholic. Which resulted in many wars and competition, including the race to build colonies, and the race to spread religion.

5. • Who were the key figures in the French exploration and settlement of North America?

5.1. Samuel de Champlain - the explorer who was considered the founder of New France

5.2. Jacques Cartier - claimed land on the St. Lawrence River for France

5.3. René Robert Cavelier de la Salle - he explored the Great Lakes, the Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico

5.4. Pierre de Monts - along with Samuel de Champlain, helped establish New France

5.5. Pierre Radisson - a coureur de bois who worked on behalf on the HBC, and he explored Alberta and Saskatchewan

5.6. King Louis XIV - funded many expeditions to explore and colonize North America

5.7. King Henry VIII

6. • What roles did the Royal Government and the Catholic Church play in the social structure of 
New France (i.e., governor, intendant, Jesuits, religious congregations)?

6.1. The Church held major positions within the Sovereign Council, such as the Bishop of New France, who held plenty of power

6.1.1. The Bishop of New France was in charge of religious matters within New France

6.2. They had enough power in order influence the Sovereign Council's decisions, and they imposed certain restrictions upon trading

6.3. The Royal Government was in charge of the Sovereign Council, since it answered to them

6.4. France held close ties with the Roman Catholic Church, so naturally the religious majority in France was Catholicism.

7. • Who were the key figures in the British exploration and settlement of North America?

7.1. John Cabot - who claimed Newfoundland for England

7.2. Henry Kelsey - who helped establish the HBC

7.3. Anthony Henday - An explorer who worked for the HBC, and explored Alberta and Saskatchewan

7.4. Walter Raleigh - who tried to colonize the Thirteen Colonies

7.5. Henry Hudson - led a failed expedition to find the Northwest Passage

7.6. John Guy - who established a colony in Newfoundland

7.7. King Charles II - allowed and granted land to colonists to establish new colonies, and he allowed them to govern themselves.

8. • What role did the British government play in the settlement of North America?

8.1. The British government wanted to compete with France in colonizing North America, so they invested much more money.

8.2. The British tried to convince people to move to the Thirteen Colonies, by giving them more freedoms and privileges.

8.3. With the British settling, the other European colonies felt threatened, the result from this was less people wanted to come to New France, since there was the prospect of been attacked by the British

8.4. Many people came to the Thirteen Colonies to escape religious prosecution, so the British Parliament allowed the colonies to govern themselves.

8.5. The creation of the HBC lead to the establishment of several trading posts, the HBC was funded by the British Parliament, and these trading posts would soon become the foundations for many settlements

9. • How did the structures of Aboriginal societies affect decision making in each society 
(i.e., role and status of women, consensus building)?

9.1. Consensus was used in decision making, so no one's opinions wouldn't be considered or ignored.

9.2. Women were equal in all of the First Nations groups. In fact, they valued the advice of both genders, and older people were considered important.

9.3. Most of them used chieftains who had important decisions

9.4. The Iroquois had clan mothers, who chose the chief for their clan

9.5. The Ojibwa had a caste system, so each group was assigned to various aspects of their society, such a certain group would be the leaders

10. Question: How did the seigneurial system equally benefit both participants? How was it ensured that both participants required each other?