Laughter Out of Place

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Laughter Out of Place by Mind Map: Laughter Out of Place

1. Police corruption

1.1. Police brutality and violence

1.2. Police works with gang members

1.2.1. Police profit from working with Gangs

2. Upper class treat the working class differently

2.1. The upper class abuse and exploit the working class

2.1.1. Love/ Hate Relationships

3. Gloria laughing after hearing about Zeca's death

4. Different socioeconomic groups

5. Poverty and wealth

6. Carnivals are an important part of the culture

7. Introduction: "Hard Laughter". Goldstein begins the book with a powerful quote by Mark Twain, and it states, "The secret source of humor is not joy but sorrow. There is no humor in heaven." I believe this quote sets the tone for the rest of the book. Goldstein challenges the reader to dig deep and see the harsh reality of what is like to live in Brazil in the Favela. I realized that one of the major underlying themes of this book is incorporating humor to hard situations that are in fact, not humorous at all. Humor is often used as a coping mechanism.

8. Chapter.1 Laughter "Out of Place". The beginning of the book is about Goldstein's return to Brazil. She moves in with Gloria (they have been friends for a long time) and her family to study about their culture and their way of life. Goldstein see's Gloria's struggles and everyday hardships. It is surprising to Goldstein to see how Gloria can still manage to laugh after going through so much pain. Once again, bringing back the theme of humor into the story. Goldstein writes about poverty and ethnography. And at the end of the chapter she gives a brief history of Brazil.

9. Dark Humor to cope with pain

10. Gender roles

11. Oppressed Women

12. Poverty

13. The story takes place in Shanty Towns of Brazil

14. Chapter 2:The Aesthetics of Domination

14.1. Class, Culture, and The Lives of Domestic Workers

14.1.1. Letter from Dona Beth's daugther Dona Beth would like to keep her daughter close to her, however, her daughter wants to be more independent Gloria wants to see her kids become more independent Gloria and Sonceca laugh at the letter Dona Beth received from her daughter.

15. The struggle to survive while getting paid minimum wage

15.1. A lot of time away from family to be able to earn a living

15.1.1. Working class earns only $6 a day Gloria earns 5 minimum wage payments

15.2. Long periods of work hours

15.2.1. A lot of Poverty in Brazil The economy is bad in Brazil

16. Chapter 3:Color-Blind Erotic Democracies, Black Consciousness Politics, and the Black Cinderellas of Felicidade Eterna

16.1. Discrimination between the races black/white is still very real in Brazil

16.2. White people are conisred superior than black people

16.2.1. White people are wealthier and have more political stance

17. Cinderellas of Felicidad Eterna

17.1. The governor's daughter was assaulted for making a white middle class women wait

17.1.1. Many forms of racial segregation

17.2. This incident brought light to the racial injustices in Brazil

18. The Treasure Chest Coup

18.1. Brazilian women fantasize about seducing men with money

18.1.1. Seen as an opportunity for Brazilian women to have a "better" and more comfortable lifestyle Usually seen has a way out of poverty Empowering for Brazilian women

18.2. The women are beautiful and young, while the man are older and with money

19. Chapter 4: No Time for Childhood

19.1. Young children of poor families are out in the streets working trying to survive financially

19.1.1. Children are forced to grow up fast because of their financial situation

19.2. Children of the age 8 and younger are forced to work to be able to eat.

19.2.1. Street violence is a common thing

20. Funabem and Febem

20.1. Institution for orphans and poor kids

20.1.1. Children are victims of physical, emotional, and sexual abuse Children go through a lot of hardships and struggles

20.2. Institution is dirty and not kept clean

20.2.1. Institution is overcrowded

21. A visit with Pedro Paulo at Ilha Grande Prison

21.1. Also known as the Devil's Cauldron

21.1.1. Gloria and Goldstein visit Pedro in prison

21.2. Pedro is serving a 15 year sentence for armed robbery

21.2.1. Gloria considered him to be one of her smartetst children

22. Chapter 5: State Terror, Gangs, and Everyday Violence in Rio de Janeiro

22.1. Violence and Crime is everywhere

22.2. Gangs rule the streets in Rio de Janeiro

22.3. Young men see gangs as an opportunity to grow and be "successful"

22.3.1. Power trip for young men Seen as a way to escape poverty

23. Fear and terror rule the streets in Rio de Janeiro

23.1. Drug substance abuse is common

23.2. Gangs are in charge of distributing drugs

23.2.1. Violence against women and different races

24. Chapter 6 and 7

24.1. Sexuality

24.1.1. Women sexually tease men Women sexuality is used to get higher on society

24.2. Machismo is part of the brazialian culture

24.2.1. Men rule the world

24.3. Women dont have a voice

24.4. Women are objectify by men

24.5. Men take advantage of women

24.5.1. Gloria believe men are animals

24.6. Children are abused by men

24.7. Rape happens a lot in brazil

24.7.1. Two men raped Anita and Claudia in Gloria's house

24.8. Men are more finiancially well of than women

24.8.1. Women use men for their financial success To get higher up in the social ladder

24.9. Humor is used to cope with pain/ embarrassment

24.10. There are a lot of class differences