Eating desorders

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Eating desorders by Mind Map: Eating desorders

1. bulimia nervosa

1.1. Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder in which the person repeatedly eats too much and then takes drastic steps to compensate for that binge eating.

1.2. Bulimia primarily affects adolescent girls and young adult women. Here's what clinicians look for when diagnosing bulimia nervosa.

1.3. Diagnosis

1.3.1. -Repeated episodes of binge eating.

1.3.1.1. An episode of binge eating is defined as eating "an amount of food that is definitely larger than most people would eat"

1.3.2. Use of inappropriate behaviors to avoid weight gain or to compensate for the binge eating.

1.3.3. Binge eating and compensatory behaviors occur at least once a week for three months.

1.3.4. The person's weight and/or body shape must have a significant impact on the way the person views himself or herself.

1.4. Consecuences

1.4.1. Constant sore throat or swollen salivary glands.

1.4.2. Bad teeth and dehydration.

1.4.3. Severe bulimia can cause a heart attack when essential minerals, such as calcium and sodium, become unbalanced due to the bingeing and purging cycles.

2. Anorexia nervosa

2.1. Anorexia nervosa is a psychological condition and eating disorder in which the individual loses more weight than is healthy for their height and age.

2.2. A person with anorexia will intentionally restrict their food intake, generally due to a fear of being or becoming fat, they may also practice excessive exercise, use laxatives, and vomit to reduce weight, but to a lesser extent than those diagnosed with bulimia.

2.3. Physical symptoms

2.3.1. loss of menstrual period in females post-puberty (or delayed first period)

2.3.2. downy hair all over the body (called lanugo), which is the body's effort to conserve heat

2.3.3. pale, dry skin

2.3.4. sensitivity to cold

2.3.5. extreme weight loss

2.3.6. brittle bones (osteoporosis)

2.3.7. muscle loss and weakness

2.3.8. low blood pressure and heart rate

2.4. Behavioral Symptoms

2.4.1. talks or thinks about food, weight, calories, and dieting so much it gets in the way of regular conversation

2.4.2. talks about fears of gaining weight or being fat even when losing weight

2.4.3. strange eating habits or food rituals, such as an insistence on using specific utensils

2.4.4. weighs themselves often, frequently looks in the mirror, or checks the size of certain body parts

2.4.5. desperate to exercise even when inappropriate, such as running in inclement weather or missing other commitments in order to exercise (in kids might look like hyperactivity)

2.5. Emotional symptoms

2.5.1. determines self-esteem, worth, or attractiveness by appearance and weight

2.5.2. strong need for approval

2.5.3. extremely self-critical

2.5.4. anxiety

2.5.5. depression

2.6. Emotional symptoms