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Covid 19 by Mind Map: Covid 19

1. The mystery of why the coronavirus kills some young people

2. https://www.gannett-cdn.com/experiments/usatoday/gifs/tool/924-size.png

3. Herd Immunity Epidemiologist: Coronavirus could be ‘exterminated’ if lockdowns were lifted | The College Fix

4. Fresh air can help rid coronavirus droplets These findings heighten the dangers for those caring for COVID-19 patients. Without sufficient air circulation to disperse the cloud, its concentrated payload of droplets can linger in hospitals and homes. “Drops are trapped in the cloud for quite some time and they can remain locally concentrated,” says Bourouiba. The best defenses are the outdoors and open windows which dissipate the clouds or droplets. “When one is outside, with air circulation or wind, the cloud and its payload is easily dispersed and less concentrated. Making sure that indoor spaces are aired frequently also reduces the concentration,” Bourouiba says. Coronavirus might spread much farther than 6 feet in the air. CDC says wear a mask in public.

5. Education to stop spread

6. What does the coronavirus do to your body? Everything to know about the infection process

7. Virus

7.1. Relapse

7.2. Behavior

7.2.1. Coronavirus can travel 27 feet, stay in air for hours, says MIT researcher Read more At: https://www.aninews.in/news/health/coronavirus-can-travel-27-feet-stay-in-air-for-hours-says-mit-researcher20200402133058/

7.2.2. The results showed that SARS coronavirus in the testing condition could survive in serum, 1:20 diluted sputum and feces for at least 96 h, whereas it could remain alive in urine for at least 72 h with a low level of infectivity. The survival abilities on the surfaces of eight different materials and in water were quite comparable, revealing reduction of infectivity after 72 to 96 h exposure. Viruses stayed stable at 4 degrees C, at room temperature (20 degrees C) and at 37 degrees C for at least 2 h without remarkable change in the infectious ability in cells, but were converted to be non-infectious after 90-, 60- and 30-min exposure at 56 degrees C, at 67 degrees C and at 75 degrees C, respectively. Irradiation of UV for 60 min on the virus in culture medium resulted in the destruction of viral infectivity at an undetectable level. Stability of SARS coronavirus in human specimens and environment and its sensitivity to heating and UV irradiation. - PubMed - NCBI

7.2.3. Virus’ rate of decay depends on surface https://www.gannett-cdn.com/presto/2020/03/25/USAT/a54a499d-b3ab-4add-b141-4d2a52ec9007-032520-Half-Life10.jpg

8. Prevention

8.1. Hygiene

8.1.1. https://www.gannett-cdn.com/experiments/usatoday/gifs/tool/922-Sneeze-notes.mp4

8.2. PPE

8.2.1. Doctors / Healthcare Workers

8.2.1.1. PIPES

8.2.2. Face Masks

8.2.2.1. Coronavirus might spread much farther than 6 feet in the air. CDC says wear a mask in public.

8.2.2.2. UV light booth Amid a shortage of personal protective equipment and masks, doctors across the country are contracting the infection while treating coronavirus patients. To deal with this, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology (SCTIMST), an autonomous institute under DST in Thiruvananthapuram, has developed a UV light booth. Modelled on a telephone booth, this technology can be used to examine patients without doctors coming in direct contact with patients. The glass chamber booth has a small opening on one side for the doctor to use a stethoscope. The doctor can also see the patient through the glass. Once the patient vacates the chamber after examination, UV lights will be turned on for three minutes to disinfect it. The booth will be placed in hospitals. “Providing the highest level of safeguards while interacting with carriers of highly contagious virus is priority. This booth will protect them (doctors/healthcare personnel) in treating patients. It will be placed in hospitals treating coronavirus patients,” said Ashutosh Sharma, secretary, DST. UV light booth, nasal gel & other innovations India’s working on to battle Covid-19

8.2.2.3. https://www.gannett-cdn.com/experiments/usatoday/gifs/tool/915-moist-air.png

8.2.3. https://www.gannett-cdn.com/experiments/usatoday/gifs/tool/918-speed.png

8.2.4. Nasal gel IIT Bombay is working on a gel that can be applied around the nasal passage, a common entry point for the coronavirus. The nasal gel will have biological molecules to deactivate the trapped virus in a manner similar to that of detergents. The research team is led by professors Kiran Kondabagil and Ritni Banerjee. “This nasal gel will provide a strong extra layer of defence in protecting our front line fight against coronavirus. Our department is funding IIT Bombay for this project,” said Sharma. IIT Kanpur is also developing a different kind of nasal gel with DST funding, he added. UV light booth, nasal gel & other innovations India’s working on to battle Covid-19

8.2.5. Anti-virus coating Bengaluru’s Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), an autonomous institute under the science and technology ministry, is developing an anti-microbial coating which can be used on surfaces, gloves, masks and clothes. This coating can be used on plastic, PVC products and textiles. It has been developed by professor Jayanta Haldar’s team at JNCASR. “This coating has been 100 per cent successful in influenza virus, killing them within 30 minutes of contact. It disrupts the membranes of pathogens. It will get effective in destroying Covid-19,” said Haldar. UV light booth, nasal gel & other innovations India’s working on to battle Covid-19

8.2.6. Nasal Gel

8.2.7. Anti-Virus coatings

8.2.8. 3D Face Sheild

8.2.8.1. 3D face shield The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)’s Central Electrochemical Research Institute, located in Tamil Nadu’s Karaikudi, is developing the shield to protect the face from coronavirus. The mask will be reusable, and also have disinfectants inside it. Bengaluru-based Lycan 3D is developing this, said DST’s Sharma.

8.3. Fumigation Chambers

8.3.1. Fumigation chambers The science and technology ministry has approved the development of fumigation chambers, which will use hydrogen peroxide gas to disinfect people. The chamber will be five-feet wide and seven-feet tall, and have sensors to detect the entry of a person. The disinfection will last a quick five seconds. The gas will be used under World Health Organization’s permissible limits. “Tubes will emit puffs of hydrogen peroxide. It will not have a harmful effect on the person, it will disinfect them from other viruses also within five seconds,” SCTIMST director Asha Kishore said. Developed by SCTIMST, the product will be commercially manufactured by HLL Infratech Service Ltd., a government undertaking. It will be used at commercial places like malls, metro entry points and educational institutes. “This will be very useful in disinfecting people at such points where there is heavy load, like malls, hospitals, metro gates. This will secure them from virus, add extra protection,” said Sharma. UV light booth, nasal gel & other innovations India’s working on to battle Covid-19

8.4. Social Distancing

8.5. Golden Milk- Half tea spoon Haldi (turmeric) powder in 150 ml hot milk - once or twice a day . Ministry of Ayush - https://drive.google.com/open?id=1S7RoUtlaFgIuzBmRSObMVNsuOjljz6Ic

8.6. Vaccines

8.7. Immune boosing

8.7.1. Foods

8.7.1.1. Nasal application - Apply sesame oil / coconut oil or Ghee in both the nostrils (Pratimarsh Nasya) in morning and evening.

8.7.2. Drugs

9. Diagnostics

9.1. Thermal Scanning

9.1.1. IR Gun

9.1.2. Thermometers

9.2. Analyse Symptoms

9.3. Swab Tests

9.4. Blood Tests ?

9.5. Data Mining

9.5.1. hydroxychloroquine

9.5.2. Contact Tracing

9.5.2.1. Apps

9.5.2.1.1. Indian Government launches Aarogya Setu app to track Coronavirus infections

9.6. Loss of Senses

9.6.1. Inablility to Smell

9.7. Rapid Test Kits

9.7.1. Speedy diagnostic kits Startup FastSense Diagnostics has developed two test kits for Covid-19 with DST funding. The company is in the process of rolling out both, said Sharma. The first product is a modified polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based detection kit for confirmatory analysis. The test is designed to give results in lesser time than existing methods. This will mean approximately 50 samples can be tested in an hour. The second is a portable chip-based module with sensing technology that will provide on the spot results in less than 15 minutes. The sample size for confirmatory tests can also be increased to 100 samples per hour in the future. The company has filed a patent for these tests. UV light booth, nasal gel & other innovations India’s working on to battle Covid-19

10. Treatment

10.1. Allopathy

10.2. http://covexit.com/professor-didier-raoult-releases-the-results-of-a-new-hydroxychloroquine-treatment-study-on-1061-patients

10.3. Natural

10.3.1. https://amp.cnn.com/cnn/2020/04/14/health/coronavirus-prone-positioning/index.html?__twitter_impression=true

11. Management

12. Post Covid Situation

13. What does the coronavirus do to your body? Everything to know about the infection process A visual guide of coronavirus infection, symptoms of COVID-19 and the effects of the virus inside the body, in graphics Javier Zarracina, and Adrianna Rodriguez, USA TODAY Updated 10:30 p.m. IST Mar. 16, 2020

13.1. Pneumonia is characterized by shortness of breath combined with a cough and affects tiny air sacs in the lungs, called alveoli, Viscidi said. The alveoli are where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged. When pneumonia occurs, the thin layer of alveolar cells is damaged by the virus. The body reacts by sending immune cells to the lung to fight it off. "And that results in the linings becoming thicker than normal," he said. "As they thicken more and more, they essentially choke off the little air pocket, which is what you need to get the oxygen to your blood."

13.2. “So it’s basically a war between the host response and the virus,” Hirsch said. “Depending who wins this war we have either good outcomes where patients recover or bad outcomes where they don’t.” Restricting oxygen to the bloodstream deprives other major organs of oxygen including the liver, kidney and brain. In a small number of severe cases that can develop into acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which requires a patient be placed on a ventilator to supply oxygen. However, if too much of the lung is damaged and not enough oxygen is supplied to the rest of the body, respiratory failure could lead to organ failure and death.