Enlightenemnet: education

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Enlightenemnet: education by Mind Map: Enlightenemnet: education

1. aim

1.1. liberate the human mind from dogmas

1.2. encourage scepticism, tolerance, and critical thinking

2. different views=freedom of thought

2.1. importance of shaping young minds early

2.2. a rising demand for a more universal approach to education

2.3. associationism

2.4. most schools and unis were bastions of traditionalism and were not hospitable to the Enlightenment

3. contrast with the ancient times

3.1. not the mind of rhetoric, but first of all the mind of knowledge, intelligence and science

3.2. not a dialogue of opinions , but scientific experience and experiment

3.3. knowledge not immersed in the element of speech and action, but becomes with the help of science the knowledge of things ‘per se’, i.e. the objective knowledge

4. literacy

4.1. education, literacy and learning” gradually provided to “rich and poor alike”

4.2. the increase in literacy rate more likely due to religious influence

4.3. emphasis on reading

5. printed sources

5.1. religious books - around 50% of all

5.2. scientific literature

5.3. contemporary literature

5.4. change in the languages: less in Latin, more in French and other languages

5.5. public libraries and museums

6. education for girls

6.1. the 17th century,- a number of schools dedicated to girls, but the cultural norm was for girls to be informally educated at home. the 18th century- shift. but! the schools themselves did not challenge the social status quo. Women were excluded from learning subjects such as science and politics. The main issue about female education relates to the traditional view of women's weakness being due to nature. However, there were people, such as John Locke and d’Épinay, who argue that women's weakness was due to faulty education.