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Shakespeare by Mind Map: Shakespeare

1. Elizabethan Age

1.1. Queen E. ruled over 50 years

1.1.1. her reign was marked by prosperity, achievements in arts and conflicts (Spain and France)

1.1.2. "Golden Age": relative stability, economic growth, flowering of theatre, music, arts

1.2. for different types of humours (blood, phlegm, yellow, black)

1.2.1. Humorism: the four humours have to be balanced to be healthy

1.2.2. blood (sanguine) = happy, optimistic and extrovert

1.2.3. phlegm (phlegmatic) = passive, slow and lazy

1.2.4. yellow (choleric) = nervous, short-tempered and thin

1.2.5. black (melancholic) = sad, tend to worry a lot and thin

1.3. Very superstitious

1.3.1. Great Chain of Being

1.3.1.1. people believe that God set up an order for everything in the universe

1.3.1.2. includes everything from God and angels to humans, animals and rocks

1.3.1.3. every existing thing in the universe had its own place and function within a planned hierarchical order

1.3.2. supernatural power (witches and ghosts)

2. Shakespeare's language

2.1. has given many words to the language

2.2. used his own language

2.2.1. thou= you (used for children/friends), thy= your, hence= away

3. Sonnets

3.1. Structure

3.2. 14 line poem, iambic pentameter, three quatrains and one couplet

3.3. quatrain

3.3.1. rhyme scheme: ababcdcdefef

3.3.2. establishes theme/problem

3.4. couplet

3.4.1. rhyme scheme: gg

3.4.2. resolves the theme/ problem

3.4.3. provides basic thesis

3.5. topics

3.5.1. forms of love (romantic, platonic, unrequited

3.5.2. beauty

3.5.3. infidelity

3.5.4. jealousy

3.5.5. the passage of time

3.5.6. death/mortality

3.5.7. transcience

3.6. adressees

3.6.1. Fair Youth (1-126)

3.6.2. Dark Lady (127-154)

4. Biography

4.1. born in April 1564 (Stratford)

4.2. 1592: became a person of interest

4.3. well established in the London theatre world as an actor, playwright and poet

4.4. 1593: first publications

5. Works

5.1. 154 sonnets

5.2. 38 plays

5.2.1. Comedies (Midsummer Night's Dream, Measure for Measure)

5.2.1.1. with humor and happy endings

5.2.2. Tragedies (Romeo and Juliet, Othello, Macbeth)

5.2.2.1. with sad endings

5.2.3. Histories (Pericles, King John)

5.2.3.1. based on historical personalities or events