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NEW ZEALAND by Mind Map: NEW ZEALAND

1. ENVIRONMENT

1.1. Geographical

1.1.1. Two principal islands + multiple little islands

1.1.1.1. North Island

1.1.1.1.1. Name: Te Ika-a-Māui

1.1.1.1.2. Volcanism

1.1.1.1.3. Geothermal activity

1.1.1.1.4. Highest point is: Ruapehu (2793 meters)

1.1.1.2. South Island

1.1.1.2.1. Name: Te Waipounamu

1.1.1.2.2. Biggest island

1.1.1.2.3. 18 mounts that are more than 3000 meters high

1.1.1.3. five large inhabited islands

1.1.1.3.1. Stewart Island,

1.1.1.3.2. Chatham Island,

1.1.1.3.3. Great Barrier Island,

1.1.1.3.4. D'Urville Island,

1.1.1.3.5. Waiheke Island

1.1.1.4. Other small islands

1.1.2. Superficie : 268 680 km2

1.1.3. Highest point : mount cook / Aoraki (3724 meters)

1.1.4. Isolated geographically : Closest neighbor is australia : 2000 km in the north east

1.2. Climate

1.2.1. predominantly temperate maritime

1.2.2. Historical maxima : 42.4 °C (108.32 °F)

1.2.3. Historical minima: −25.6 °C (−14.08 °F)

1.3. Biodiversity

1.3.1. Estimated 80,000 endemic species

1.3.2. unique flora and fauna development due to:

1.3.2.1. diverse geography and climate

1.3.2.2. Long isolation from other land masses

2. CULTURE

2.1. Holidays

2.1.1. National holiday :

2.1.1.1. 6 of february

2.1.1.2. Celebrate their nation

2.1.1.3. Since 1840

2.1.2. Christmas :

2.1.2.1. Summer Season

2.1.2.2. Traditional dinner : ham leg with fries, sweet potatoes and salad

2.1.2.3. Traditional desert : pavlova

2.1.3. Queen’s birthday :

2.1.3.1. 1st of june

2.2. Art

2.2.1. Maori carvings and paintings

2.2.1.1. carvings feature human figures,

2.2.1.1.1. generally with three fingers

2.2.1.1.2. natural-looking, detailed head or a grotesque head.

2.2.1.2. Surface patterns to decorate the carvings

2.2.1.2.1. Spirals

2.2.1.2.2. Ridges

2.2.1.2.3. Notches

2.2.1.2.4. Fish scales

2.2.2. Maori architecture

2.2.2.1. carved meeting houses (wharenui)

2.2.2.2. decorations: symbolic carvings and illustrations

2.2.2.3. buildings originally designed to be constantly rebuilt

2.3. Litterature

2.3.1. 1950s : New Zealand literature started to become widely known

2.3.2. Content of writings

2.3.2.1. writing as a means of sharing ideas

2.3.2.2. oral stories and poems were converted to the written form

2.3.2.3. develop stories increasingly focused on their experiences in New Zealand

2.3.3. Inspiration and mouvement

2.3.3.1. Events (the Great Depression)

2.3.3.2. Modernism

2.4. Media & Entertainment

2.4.1. Cinema

2.4.1.1. New Zealand Film Commission

2.4.1.2. Most reknown NZ movies

2.4.1.2.1. Hunt for the Wilderpeople

2.4.1.2.2. Boy

2.4.1.2.3. The World's Fastest Indian

2.4.1.2.4. Once Were Warriors

2.4.1.2.5. Whale Rider

2.4.1.3. International films recorded in the NZ landscape

2.4.1.3.1. The Lord of the Rings

2.4.1.3.2. The Hobbit film trilogies

2.4.1.3.3. Avatar

2.4.1.3.4. The Last Samurai

2.4.1.3.5. The Chronicles of Narnia

2.4.1.3.6. King Kong

2.4.2. Music

2.4.2.1. Inspiration

2.4.2.1.1. blues

2.4.2.1.2. jazz

2.4.2.1.3. country

2.4.2.1.4. rock & roll

2.4.2.1.5. hip hop

2.4.2.2. Traditional

2.4.2.2.1. traditional chants and songs from their ancient Southeast Asian origins

2.4.2.2.2. created a unique "monotonous" and "doleful" sound.

2.4.2.2.3. tradition-based art of kapa haka

2.4.2.3. Instruments

2.4.2.3.1. Flutes

2.4.2.3.2. Trumpets

2.4.2.3.3. brass bands

2.4.2.3.4. choral music

2.4.2.3.5. Pipe bands

2.5. Sports

2.5.1. British origins

2.5.2. National sport

2.5.2.1. Rugby union

2.5.3. Popular sports

2.5.3.1. Adults

2.5.3.1.1. Golf

2.5.3.1.2. Netball

2.5.3.1.3. Tennis

2.5.3.1.4. Cricket

2.5.3.2. Young people

2.5.3.2.1. Rugby union

2.5.3.2.2. Football/Soccer

2.5.4. International sports teams

2.5.4.1. Rugby union

2.5.4.1.1. Haka

2.5.4.2. Rugby league

2.5.4.2.1. All Blacks

2.5.4.3. Netball

2.5.4.4. Cricket

2.5.4.5. Softball

2.5.4.6. Sailing

2.5.5. "Rugby, Racing and Beer" culture

2.5.5.1. Rugby

2.5.5.2. Beer

2.5.5.3. Horseracing

2.6. Cuisine

2.6.1. native Māori cuisine

2.6.2. diverse culinary traditions

2.6.3. traditional ingredients

3. HISTORY

3.1. First to arrive were ancestors of Māori. The first settlers probably arrived from Polynesia between 1200 and 1300 AD.

3.2. The first European to arrive in New Zealand was the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642.

3.3. By the 1830s, the British government was being pressured to curb lawlessness in the country and also to pre-empt the French who were considering New Zealand as a potential colony.

3.4. Māori came under increasing pressure from European settlers to sell their land for settlement. This led to conflict and, in the 1860s, war broke out in the North Island. Much Māori land was confiscated or bought during or after 20 years of war.

3.5. During WWI and WWII, a lot of troops were sent from New Zealand (and Australia) to Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.

3.6. New Zealand became an independent 'dominion' in 26 September 1907 1907.

4. ECONOMY

4.1. Tourism (main income)

4.1.1. $12.9 billion (or 5.6%) to New Zealand's total GDP

4.1.2. supporting 7.5% of the total workforce in 2016

4.1.3. International visitor arrivals are expected to increase at a rate of 5.4% annually up to 2022.

4.2. currency

4.2.1. New Zealand dollar

4.3. GDP per capita of US$36,254

4.4. Trade

4.4.1. dependent on international trade

4.4.2. Exports account for 24% of its output

4.4.3. Food products made up 55% of the value of all the country's exports in 2014

4.4.4. dairy products accounted for 17.7% ($14.1 billion) of total exports

4.4.5. Main trading partners

4.4.5.1. China (NZ$27.8b)

4.4.5.1.1. New Zealand–China Free Trade Agreement

4.4.5.2. Australia ($26.2b)

4.4.5.3. The European Union ($22.9b)

4.4.5.4. The United States ($17.6b)

4.4.5.5. Japan ($8.4b)

4.4.6. Goods

4.4.6.1. meat (8.8%)

4.4.6.2. wood and wood products (6.2%)

4.4.6.3. fruit (3.6%)

4.4.6.4. machinery (2.2%)

4.4.6.5. wine (2.1%)

4.5. Structure

4.5.1. mixed economy

4.5.2. operates on free market principles

4.5.3. sizeable manufacturing service sectors complementing a highly efficient agricultural sector

4.5.4. Exports of goods and services account for around one third of real expenditure GDP.

4.6. Infrastructure

4.6.1. renewable energy, primarily geothermal and hydroelectric power, generated 40.1% of New Zealand's gross energy supply.

4.6.2. Geothermal power alone accounted for 22% of New Zealand's energy in 2015.

4.6.3. provision of water supply and sanitation is generally of good quality

4.6.4. New Zealand's transport network comprises 94,000 kilometres

4.6.4.1. ]4,128 kilometres (2,565 mi) of railway lines

4.6.4.2. 199 kilometres (124 mi) of motorways

4.6.5. United Nations International Telecommunication Union ranks New Zealand 13th in the development of information and communications infrastructure

5. DEMOGRAPHY

5.1. Religions

5.1.1. 40% Christians

5.1.2. 50% Athiests

5.1.3. 3% Hinduism

5.1.4. 1,5% Islam

5.1.5. 1% Buddhism

5.1.6. 0.5% Sikhism

5.1.7. 4% other

5.1.8. most secular socities in the world

5.2. Languages

5.2.1. Official languages

5.2.1.1. 96.1% English

5.2.1.2. 0.5% New Zealand Sign Language

5.2.1.3. 3.7% Maori

5.2.2. Unofficial languages

5.2.2.1. 2,2% Samoan

5.2.2.2. 1.7% Hindi

5.2.2.3. 1.3% Northern Chinese

5.2.2.4. 1.2% French

5.3. Cities

5.3.1. Capital : Wellington

5.3.2. Largest City : Auckland

5.4. Education

5.4.1. Primary and secondary schooling is compulsory for children aged 6 to 16

5.4.2. 13 school years

5.4.3. state (public) schools are free to New Zealand citizens and permanent residents

5.4.4. Level of education in the country

5.4.4.1. half of the population aged 15 to 29 hold a tertiary qualification

5.4.4.2. adult literacy rate of 99%

5.4.4.3. 14.2% have a bachelor's degree or higher

5.4.4.4. 30.4% have some form of secondary qualification

5.4.4.5. 22.4% have no formal qualification

5.4.4.6. OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment ranks New Zealand's education system as the seventh best in the world

5.4.4.6.1. Students performing well in

5.4.5. Institutions and establishments

5.4.5.1. private training establishments

5.4.5.2. types of government-owned tertiary institutions

5.4.5.2.1. Universities

5.4.5.2.2. Colleges of education

5.4.5.2.3. Polytechnics

5.4.5.2.4. Specialist colleges

5.4.5.2.5. Wānanga

5.5. Etnicity and immigration

5.5.1. Etnicity

5.5.1.1. 74.0% Europeans

5.5.1.2. 14,9% Maoris

5.5.1.3. 11.8% Asians

5.5.1.4. 7.4% Pacific people

5.5.2. Immigration

5.5.2.1. Maori were the first to come to New Zealand

5.5.2.2. Immigrants were predominantly from Britain, Ireland and Australia

5.5.2.3. Significant Dutch, Dalmatian, German, and Italian immigration

5.5.2.4. migration increased after the Second World War

5.5.2.5. China, India, Australia, South Africa, Fiji and Samoa

6. GOVERNMENT & POLITICS

6.1. Local government

6.1.1. Parliamentary system

6.1.1.1. legislative power

6.1.1.2. Queen + House of representatives

6.1.1.2.1. House of Representatives

6.1.1.2.2. Queen = Elizabeth II

6.1.2. Constitutional monarchy

6.1.2.1. Prime Minister : Jacinda Ardern

6.1.2.2. Governor general : Pasty Reddy

6.1.2.3. Elizabeth II is the Queen of New Zealand

6.1.3. constitution is not codified.

6.1.4. Government is formed from the party or coalition with the majority of seats

6.2. Foreign Relations and military