Access to Health Services

Horinek, A HSCI 402S: Access to Health Services Concept Map

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Access to Health Services by Mind Map: Access to Health Services

1. Importance

1.1. Access (or lack thereof) to healthcare services impacts physical, social, and emotional health.

1.2. Access to healthcare services can help promote and maintain good health, prevent and manage disease and premature death, and help achieve overall health equity (Office of Disease Prevention and Promotion, 2018).

2. Meaning

2.1. According to the Office of Disease Prevention and Promotion (2018), access to health services is "the timely use of personal health services to achieve the best health outcomes."

2.2. According to Gulliford & Figueroa (2002), access to health services is "the concept of access described the ‘degree of fit’ between clients and the health system."

2.3. To summarize, access to health services is ensuring that patients get quality, speedy healthcare service so that they may get healthy or continue to improve on their health based on how the medical system can aide with care.

3. Barriers to care

3.1. How barriers to care impact patients

3.1.1. High cost of treatment, lack of insurance, and lack of availability (Office of Disease Prevention and Promotion, 2018) can lead to patients being less likely to seek out medical care, financial strain, hospitalizations that could have been prevented due to long delays to receive preventative or needed care.

3.2. How barriers to care impacts my professional career

3.2.1. As a future healthcare professional, I should be aware of the barriers that my patients face when trying to get access to health services. Being able to know that there are barriers, try to empathize with my patients as to why they may not seek medical services, and attempt to come up with solutions to help my patients get quality care is my goal. I hope to achieve this goal through my role as a healthcare manager or as a government employee that focuses on health-related topics.

4. Three steps (Office of Disease Prevention and Promotion, 2018)

4.1. Entry into the healthcare system (usually through insurance) (Wall Street Journal, 2018).

4.2. Accessing healthcare services locations (transportation, geographically, and availability) (Wall Street Journal, 2018).

4.3. Establishing trust with a healthcare provider (open patient-provider communication) (Office of Disease Prevention and Promotion, 2018).

5. Three Components

5.1. Insurance coverage

5.1.1. Insurance helps patients afford needed healthcare services

5.2. Health services

5.2.1. Preventative services, such as vaccinations, screening, health and wellness, and counseling

5.2.2. Primary care visits encourage healthy patient-provider communication and relationships, hopefully ensuring that patients will receive quality care

5.2.3. Emergency services, such as basic and advanced life support

5.3. Timeliness of care

5.3.1. Sprightly care given to the patients so that he or she does not feel neglected when left in a waiting room or when booking an appointment

6. References

6.1. Gulliford, M., & Figueroa, J. (2002, August 1). What does 'access to health care' mean? Retrieved from'access_to_health_care'_mean

6.2. Office of Disease Prevention and Promotion. (2018). Access to health services. Retrieved from

6.3. Wall Street Journal. (2018, February 22). Health care in America: Insurance gaps and medical deserts [Video file]. Retrieved from