Vaccination

Vaccination Programme in Finland

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Vaccination by Mind Map: Vaccination

1. Children

1.1. 5 IN 1 dTAP-IPV-Hib

1.1.1. Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Hib diseases, such as meningitis, epiglottitis and sepsis

1.1.1.1. Diphtheria Infectious disease caused by bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheria. Signs: sore throat, low fever and swollen glands in the neck. In severe cases, cause myocarditis or peripheral neuropathy, difficulties in breathing and swallowing. Pertussis is highly contagious disease of the respiratory tract caused by Bordetella pertussis: coughing and sneezing, runny nose and mild fever Tetanus also known as lockjaw, is a bacterial infection characterized by muscle spasms: Stiffness of the neck, jaw, and other muscles, often accompanied by a sneering, grinning expression, difficulty swallowing, Signs: fever, sweating, uncontrollable spasms of the jaw, called lockjaw, and neck muscles, painful, involuntary contraction of other muscles. Polio is a contagious viral illness that in its most severe form causes nerve injury leading to paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death. Signs: Fever , sore throat, headache, vomiting, fatigue, back pain or stiffness , neck pain or stiffness, pain or stiffness in the arms or legs, muscle weakness or tenderness Haemophilus influenzae type B, a bacterium responsible for severe pneumonia, meningitis and other invasive diseases. Signs: headache, stiff neck, and vomiting symptoms of meningitis coughing and breathing difficulty symptoms of pneumonia sore throat, drooling, and breathing difficulty symptoms of epiglottitis

1.1.2. Age: 3 moths, 5 months , 12 months

1.2. dtap

1.2.1. Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough)

1.2.2. Diphtheria

1.2.2.1. Age: 14 to 15 years

1.3. Rotavirus Vaccine

1.3.1. Rotavirus are the most common cause of severe diarrheal disease in young children

1.3.1.1. Indications: fever, dehydration, abdominal pain, diarrhea

1.3.1.2. Age: 2 months,3 months,

1.4. PCV

1.4.1. Pneumococcal Disease a bacterium that is the cause of a number of common diseases, ranging from serious diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis and ear infection.

1.4.1.1. Indication:fever.chills and shaking. chest pain when breathing in or out. shortness of breath.cough. blood-stained or 'rusty' sputum (phlegm) drowsiness (excessive sleepiness)

1.4.1.2. Age: 3 months, 5 months, 12 months

1.5. MMR

1.5.1. Measles, mumps, rubella

1.5.1.1. Measles is the most common infection caused by a virus, which can cause severe ailments. The primary symptoms are high fever, rhinitis and redness of the eyes. Signs: As the disease progresses, a rash develops on the face, spreading throughout the body and lasting up to 7 days. Mumps infection caused by a virus and spread human-to-human via direct contact or by airborne droplets. It is sometimes called infectious parotitis, and it primarily affects the salivary glands Signs: non-specific, such as headache, malaise and fever, followed within a day by the characteristic swelling of the parotid (salivary) glands. Rubella is typically a mild disease with few complications, and infections go unrecognised or are asymptomatic. Signs: For adults- of fever, malaise, headache and arthralgia For children- have few or no constitutional symptoms Rubella is transmitted by direct contact or droplet.

1.5.1.1.1. Age: 12 to 18 months ,6 years

1.6. Influenza

1.6.1. Seasonal Influenza(annually)

1.6.1.1. an infectious disease of the respiratory tract caused by an influenza virus and spread efficiently from person to person.

1.6.1.1.1. Fever over (38 C),Aching muscles,Chills and sweats,Headache.Dry, persistent cough.Fatigue and weakness.Nasal congestion.Sore throat.

1.7. Chickenpox

1.7.1. Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV).

1.7.1.1. Flu-like symptoms such as fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, body aches, and headache.The classic symptom of chickenpox is a rash that turns into itchy, fluid-filled blisters that eventually turn into scabs.

1.7.1.1.1. Age: 1,5 months- 12 years ,6 or 12 years

1.8. HPV

1.8.1. Human papillomavirus causes cervical cancer, which is the fourth most common cancer in women.

1.8.1.1. There are over a hundred different types of papilloma virus (HPV). At least 14 of these types are called high-risk because they are linked to cervical cancer and some other cancers. HPV 16 and HPV 18 cause 70% of all cases of cervical cancer. Most other types of virus carry a negligible risk of developing cervical cancer. In addition, HPV 6 and HPV 11 cause genital warts. Genital infections of HPV types that are carcinogenic are asymptomatic. Papillomavirus spreads through sexual contact and even intimate contact with the genital area. Using a condom reduces the risk but does not completely protect against infection.

1.8.1.2. Age: Girls ages 11-12 years old

1.9. 4 in 1 Vaccine

1.9.1. Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio

1.9.1.1. Age: 4 years

2. Children in Risk Groups

2.1. BCG

2.1.1. Tuberculosis (TB) bacterium responsible for TB, called Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), is transmitted by people infected with pulmonary (lung) TB who release Mtb into the air through coughing, sneezing or spitting.

2.1.1.1. persistent cough.Constant fatigue.Weight loss.Loss of appetite.Fever.Coughing up blood.Night sweats.

2.1.1.1.1. Tuberculosis vaccine is only provided for children who are at an elevated risk of contracting tuberculosis, according to the indications defined by the National Institute for Health and Welfare.

2.2. Flu shots (Seasonal Influenza)

2.2.1. Children for whose health influenza poses a substantial threat are offered a seasonal influenza vaccination annually.

2.3. PCV

2.3.1. The children who qualify for these free vaccinations are those who because of their illness are at particularly high risk of contracting a serious pneumococcal disease or sequela.

2.4. TBE vaccine

2.4.1. Children who spends more than 4 weeks outdoors in the natural environment

2.5. Hepatitis B Vaccine

2.5.1. a viral infection that attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic disease. It is a major global health problem, and the most serious type of viral hepatitis.

2.5.1.1. Your skin or the whites of the eyes turn yellow, and your pee turns brown or orange. Fever, Light-colored poop, Fatigue that persists for weeks or months. Stomach trouble like loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting, and Belly pain. - 2, 3, or 4 shots to over 1 to 6 months old. -less than 19 years old can still get the vaccine

2.5.1.1.1. Children who because of their life circumstances are at an elevated risk of catching hepatitis A or hepatitis B are offered hepatitis vaccinations.

2.6. Vaccinations for patients receiving stem cell transplants

2.6.1. After stem cell transplants, patients are more vulnerable than usual to a number of diseases preventable by vaccination.

3. Adults

3.1. Dtap

3.1.1. Persons who have received the basic series are given a booster at 25 years of age.

3.2. Dt (Diptheria and Tetanus)

3.2.1. Persons who have received the basic series are given a booster at 45 and 65 years of age and after that every 10 years

3.3. MMR

3.3.1. In order to ensure coverage, every adult must be protected against measles, mumps and rubella, either by having had the diseases or by having had two doses of MMR vaccine. If an adult has insufficient MMR vaccination coverage, it will be augmented

3.4. IPV

3.4.1. The basic series generally requires no boosters in adult age. A booster is recommended for persons arriving from or departing for at-risk areas and for their families.

3.5. Influenza

3.5.1. For persons aged 65+

4. Adults in Risk Groups

4.1. Vaccinations for patients receiving stem cell transplants

4.1.1. After stem cell transplants, patients are more vulnerable than usual to a number of diseases preventable by vaccination. Therefore their vaccination protection must be rebuilt. Vaccinations under the national vaccination programme are free of charge for stem cell transplant recipients. Certain other vaccinations are also recommended for them.

4.2. Tick-borne encephalitis TBE vaccine

4.2.1. are resident on Åland, in Parainen or in Simo, or spend at least 4 weeks outdoors in the natural environment in Parainen or Simo in summer.

4.2.2. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain.

4.2.2.1. a virus that is spread by ticks small parasites that survive by sucking blood from animals – including humans.

4.2.2.1.1. a high temperature nausea. vomiting. changes in mental state, such as confusion. drowsiness or disorientation. seizures (fits) aversion to bright lights (photophobia)

4.3. Hepatitis B Vaccine

4.3.1. Hepatitis B is a viral infection of the liver that can cause both acute and long-term (chronic) disease.

4.3.1.1. Persons who because of their life circumstances are at an elevated risk of catching hepatitis A or hepatitis B are offered hepatitis vaccinations