Vacination in Finland

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Vacination in Finland by Mind Map: Vacination in Finland

1. Adult

1.1. Polio vaccine, IPV

1.1.1. To: recommended for persons arriving from or departing for at-risk areas and for their families.

1.2. Diphteria and tetanus vaccine, dT

1.2.1. Persons who have received the basic series are given a booster at 45 and 65 years of age and after that every 10 years

1.3. Diphteria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine, dtap

1.3.1. Persons who have received the basic series are given a booster at 25 years of age.

1.4. Measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, MMR

1.4.1. every adult must be protected

1.5. Influenza vaccine

1.5.1. For persons aged 65+

1.6. Vaccinating adults in at-risk groups

1.6.1. Seasonal influenza vaccinations

1.6.2. Tick-borne encephalitis vaccine (TBE)

1.6.3. Hepatitis vaccines

1.6.4. Vaccinations for patients receiving stem cell transplants

2. Children and adolescents

2.1. Rotavirus

2.1.1. Rotavirus diarrhoea (contagious virus)

2.1.2. Schedule: 2 months & 5 months

2.1.3. Symptoms: severe watery diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain

2.1.4. Complication: dehydration and die

2.2. Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV)

2.2.1. all children younger than 2 years old (3,5 & 12months); all adults 65 years or older; people 2 through 64 years old with certain medical conditions

2.2.2. Pneumococcal Disease by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria

2.2.3. Symptoms: Pneumococcal pneumonia (lung infection) : Fever and chills Cough Rapid breathing or difficulty breathing Chest pain Pneumococcal meningitis: Stiff neck Fever Headache Photophobia (eyes being more sensitive to light) Confusion Pneumococcal bacteremia: Fever Chills & Low alertness

2.2.4. Complication: deadly or result in long-term problems, such as brain damage or hearing loss.

2.3. MMR

2.3.1. Measles, mumps, rubella Measles: high fever, a runny nose, bloodshot eyes, and tiny white spots on the inside of the mouth => ash develops, starting on the face and upper neck and gradually spreading downwards Complication: blindness, encephalitis (an infection that causes brain swelling), severe diarrhoea and related dehydration, and severe respiratory infections such as pneumonia. Mumps: typically non-specific, such as headache, malaise and fever, followed within a day by the characteristic swelling of the parotid (salivary) glands. Complication: meningitis, orchitis and deafness. Very rarely, mumps can cause encephalitis and permanent neurological damage. Rubella: rash, low fever (<39°C), nausea and mild conjunctivitis. may develop arthritis and painful joints that usually last from 3–10 days Compication: hearing impairments, eye and heart defects and other lifelong disabilities, including autism, diabetes mellitus and thyroid dysfunction – many of which require costly therapy, surgeries and other expensive care.

2.3.2. Children (3,5 & 12 months) & young people,

2.4. Influenza

2.4.1. headaches, runny nose, cough and muscle pain can make people confuse it with a heavy cold

2.4.2. To: young children (6 months - 6 years), older people, pregnant women, or people who have vulnerable immune systems => annually

2.4.3. Complication: viral or bacterial pneumonia, dehydration, and ear infections and sinus infections, especially in children

2.5. Chickenpox**

2.5.1. Schedule: children (1,5-11 & 6-12 years old).

2.5.2. Chickenpox

2.5.3. red spots, with fluid and become blisters. The blisters may burst. They might spread or stay in a small area. More blisters might appear while others scab over

2.5.4. Complication: Bacterial infections of the skin and soft tissues in children; Infection of the lungs & brain, Bleeding problems, Bloodstream infections & dehydration

2.6. 4-in-1 vaccine DTaP-IPV

2.6.1. Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio Polio:flu-like symptoms ( sore throat a high temperature (fever) of 38°C (100.4°F) or above, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, constipation Complication: Paralysis( temporary or permanent muscle paralysis); Pulmonary oedema; Aspiration pneumonia; Myocarditis; Depression

2.6.2. Schedule: Children 4 years old.

2.7. HPV

2.7.1. sexually transmitted infection

2.7.2. Girl aged from 11-12 years old & everyone through 26 years old.

2.7.3. cause cervical cancer and other cancers: vulva, vagina, penis, or anus; back of the throat

2.8. Dtap

2.8.1. Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) Diphtheria: Weakness Sore throat Fever Swollen glands in the neck Complication: breathing problems, paralysis, and heart failure Tetanus: Jaw cramping Sudden, involuntary muscle tightening — often in the stomach Painful muscle stiffness all over the body Trouble swallowing Jerking or staring ;Headache; Fever and sweating ; Changes in blood pressure and heart rate Complication: Broken bones, pulmonary embolism, Pneumonia, a lung infection, Breathing difficulty, possibly leading to death Pertussis: (Fist stage)Runny nose, Low-grade fever, Mild, occasional cough, Apnea => Paroxysms ,Vomiting , Exhaustion Complication: pneumonia, convulsions, apnea & death

2.8.2. Schedule: 14-15 years old

2.9. 5-in-1 vaccine (DTaP-IPV-Hib)

2.9.1. Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Hib diseases, such as meningitis, epiglottitis and sepsis Hib: symptoms depend on the part of the body that is infected. Pneumonia: Fever and chills, Cough, Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, Sweating, Chest pain Headache, Muscle pain or aches, Excessive tiredness; Bacteremia: Fever and chills Excessive tiredness Pain in the belly Nausea with or without vomiting Diarrhea Anxiety Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing Altered mental status (confusion); Meningitis: Fever Headache Stiff neck Nausea with or without vomiting Photophobia (eyes being more sensitive to light) Altered mental status (confusion) Complication: long-term problems or death: blood infections, brain damage or hearing loss

2.9.2. Schedule: 3 months, 5 months & 12months

2.10. children and adolescents in at-risk groups

2.10.1. BCG vaccine Tuberculosis symptoms: a bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer pain in the chest coughing up blood or sputum

2.10.2. Seasonal influenza vaccinations

2.10.3. Pneumococcal vaccines (PCV and PPV)

2.10.4. Tick-borne encephalitis vaccine (TBE) All residents of Åland aged 3 and above, anyone aged 3 or over who lives in Parainen or Simo or who spends more than 4 weeks outdoors in the natural environment in those municipalities

2.10.5. Hepatitis vaccines (A + B)

2.10.6. Vaccinations for patients receiving stem cell transplants