Students' health issues

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Students' health issues by Mind Map: Students' health issues

1. Mental health

1.1. High perceived stress

1.2. Depression

1.3. General anxiety

1.4. Burnout, loss of meaning

1.5. Adjustment, adaptation problems

1.6. Panic attack

2. Nutrition

2.1. Poor selection of food choices

2.1.1. Underweight

2.1.2. less attention to healthy food

2.2. Eating disorders

2.2.1. distorted body images

2.2.2. Overweight

3. Health risk behaviors

3.1. Smoking

3.2. Alcohol consumption

3.3. Illegal substances e.g. marijuana, cocaine

4. Physical health

4.1. 10% of participants reported consumption of drugs (1)

4.2. Physical pain

4.2.1. body aches e.g. back pain, headache

4.3. Sleeping problems

5. Physical activity

6. Interpersonal

6.1. Relationship problems

6.2. Family problems

7. Academic

7.1. Presentism/Absenteeism

7.2. Poor time management, Procrastination

7.3. Violation of academic honesty e.g. homework copying, cheating

8. References: 1. Helmer SM, Krämer A, Mikolajczyk RT. Health-related locus of control and health behaviour among university students in North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. BMC research notes. 2012;5(1):703. 2. Schlarb AA, Claßen M, Grünwald J, Vögele C. Sleep disturbances and mental strain in university students: results from an online survey in Luxembourg and Germany. International journal of mental health systems. 2017;11(1):24. 3. Chan JK, Farrer LM, Gulliver A, Bennett K, Griffiths KM. University students’ views on the perceived benefits and drawbacks of seeking help for mental health problems on the Internet: a qualitative study. JMIR human factors. 2016;3(1):e3. 4. Grobe TG, Steinmann S, Szecsenyi J. Arztreport 2018 Schriftenreihe zur Gesundheitsanalyse [Internet]. Barmer; 2018 [cited 2019 Oct 22]. Available from: https://www.barmer.de/blob/144368/08f7b513fdb6f06703c6e9765ee9375f/data/dl-barmer-arztreport-2018.pdf 5. Grove J.Procrastination and Bogus Excuses [Internet]. Inside Higher Ed 2015 [cited 2019 Oct 22]. Available from: https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/06/26/study-links-procrastination-and-bogus-excuses-german-university-students 6. Grützmacher J, Gusy B, Lesener T, Sudheimer S, Willige J. Gesundheit Studierender in Deutschland 2017. Ein Kooperationsprojekt zwischen dem Deutschen Zentrum für Hochschul-und Wissenschaftsforschung, der Freien Universität Berlin und der Techniker Krankenkasse. Hannover. 2018.

9. Subjective social status

9.1. Perceived lower status in the society

10. 75% of interviewed students admitted to different kinds of academic dishonesty over the past 6 months (5)

11. 42.7% of participants reported being distracted from students (Female > Male) (6)

12. 40% exercised less than once per week (1); only 26.7% reported being physically active acc. to WHO guidelines (6)

13. At least half participants reported shoulder, back or neck pain; 37.2% reported headaches (>1 times/month) (6)

14. 32.5% of participants perceived themselves on the lower places of social ladder (6)

15. 31.1% reported binge drinking >=1 time/ month (more common among male students) (6)

16. 18.5% of interviewed students smoked (6)

17. 24.4% reported initial symptom of exhaustion/fatigue; 22.9% reported a loss of meaning in terms of their study (6)

18. 37.1% females & 46% males did not have a stable relationship/marriage with a partner (6)

19. Female students generally reported more depressive/anxiety related symptoms (2;6)

20. 17.5% of participants were overweight; 5 % were underweight; students with low locus of control had problems in food selection (1,3)

21. Students experience changes in their educational system(4)

22. Insurance report documented 13.7% of in-patient treatment due to mental disorders; increased diagnosed rate for mental disorders e.g. depression, affective disorders in 2016 (a double of that in 2005) (4)

23. 42.8% had impaired sleep quality; other sleep problems e.g. intermittent sleep, insomnia, sleepiness during daytime (2)

24. 22.1% of the students were current smokers (1)

25. 25.5% reported elevated depression, 13.3% had social phobia symptoms and 45% indicated elevated stress levels (2)

26. Group members: Nesma Sayed, Emelia Yeboah, Lukas Moebus, On Ki Chong