Urban Planning in Singapore

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Urban Planning in Singapore by Mind Map: Urban Planning in Singapore

1. Planning for a City-State Zone

1.1. Physical development of Singapore

1.1.1. From fishing village to trading port

1.1.2. Singapore is both a city and a country

1.1.3. There are needs for defence and water security

1.1.4. Land constraints

1.2. Tools used overtime

1.2.1. Community and Heritage spaces The use and activation of public spaces fosters community building. Heritage buildings enhance local character and sense of identity

1.2.2. Water Stability and Defence Requirements Reservoirs help to collect water. Land is set aside for military training grounds

1.2.3. Recreation Facilities Experience nature around Singapore

1.2.4. Commercial and Industry Uses Commercial activities are planned near homes and pollutive industries are located far from residential areas.

1.2.5. Transport Infrastructure Transportation around Singapore is convenient and accessible. The airport and seaport allows for expansion and sustained development.

2. Consultation and Participation

2.1. Different Stakeholders

2.1.1. SRO, Club Street Association and One Kampong Gelam organise weekend car-free zones

2.1.2. Little India Shopkeepers & Heritage Association & Chinatown Business Association organise festive and cultural activities that add life and vibrancy to their precincts

3. How Our City Works

3.1. City's hidden urban systems

3.1.1. Going underground District Cooling System The centralised cooling system saves energy and frees up roof space Pedestrian Networks Tunnels connect buildings and the public to shop or visit other amenities while protecting them busy streets and harsh weather Sewerage System The deep water reclamation plans frees up land space Roads and Rails Allows for mass transit underground thus saving land space Storage Caverns Allows for saving of land space as they are situated within strong rocks Utilises Lines No more digging and repair works above land

3.2. How Singapore optimises land and resources

3.2.1. Bringing jobs closer to home In Jurong lake district, residents can live. work and play

3.2.2. Building ahead of demand The container ports free up prime land

3.2.3. Expanding the CBD Seamlessly

3.2.4. Creating a Gateway to the world

4. What Makes Our City Work?

4.1. Innovative solutions to optimise limited land

4.1.1. Going Bigger Land reclamation

4.1.2. Going Underground To enhance connectivity and accessibility in Urban areas

4.1.3. Going up, Doubling up Adding community facilities in buildings saves land while promoting a convenient lifestyle One-Stop Centres for services Homes, Offices and Shops Dual-use of land and sea- Marina Barrage for recreational activities

5. Urban Systems for a Sustainable City

5.1. Water

5.1.1. Water reclamation plant

5.1.2. Desalination plant

5.1.3. Deep Tunnel Sewerage System

5.1.4. Newater

5.1.5. Reservoirs

5.1.6. Water treatment plant

5.2. Waste

5.2.1. Semakau landfill is expected to run out of space by 2035. Higher recylcing rate of 70% Make-use-recycle. reduce the consumption of resources and generation fo waste. Minimise food waste by segregating from other waste and treated separately from 2024

5.3. Energy

5.3.1. Moving towards cleaner and less energy use. Reduce emissions intensity by 36% from 2005-2030 Solar panels at Tengeh Reservoir [email protected] Buildings cab be environmentally friendly throughout their lifecycle

5.4. Transport

5.4.1. New rail lines and stations in the future

5.4.2. Bus connectivity will see a boost with more integrated transport hubs

5.4.3. Well-connected networks for walking and cycling

5.4.4. Car-lite precincts Reduced parking provision Hub parking

5.5. Green

5.5.1. Good connections to green spaces such as parks

5.5.2. Park hopping

5.5.3. Productive garden plots with urban farming technologies on unused rooftops and indoor spaces

5.5.4. Programmes such a Community in Bloom & Community in Nature

5.5.5. Planning for sufficient green spaces by integrating greenery into buildings and urban landscape

6. Keeping the Memories Alive

6.1. Principles and criteria for conservation to provide a unique place identitity

6.1.1. Through conservation, important reminders of the tolls and struggles and the achievements of our forefather are kept

6.1.2. Gives the young nation an identity, character and a sense of history.

6.1.3. Make neighbourhoods more charming by adding contrasts in scale, colour and texture