# Physics

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Physics

## 1. Mechanics

### 1.1. Physical Units

1.1.1. Vector Operations

1.1.1.1. Resolution into components

1.1.1.1.1. Calculation of polar form

1.1.1.2. Scalar product

1.1.1.2.1. Work

1.1.1.3. Vector Product

1.1.1.3.1. Torque

### 1.2. Velocity and Acceleration

1.2.1. Newton's Laws

1.2.1.1. Mass

1.2.1.2. Forces

1.2.1.2.1. Gravity

1.2.1.3. Work, Energy and Power

1.2.1.3.1. Work-Energy Priciple

### 1.3. Conservation Laws

1.3.1. Conservation of Energy

1.3.2. Conservation of Angular Momentum

1.3.3. Conservation of Momentum

### 1.4. Circular Motion

1.4.1. Orbits

1.4.1.1. Rotation

1.4.1.1.1. Torques

### 1.5. Solids

1.5.1. Fluids

1.5.1.1. Pressure

1.5.1.1.1. Kinetic Energy

1.5.1.2. Pascal's Principle

1.5.1.2.1. Static Fluid Pressure

1.5.1.2.2. Buoyancy

1.5.1.3. Poiseuille's Law

1.5.1.3.1. Blood Flow Examples

1.5.1.4. Internal Energy

1.5.1.4.1. Diffusion

1.5.1.5. Wall Tension

1.5.1.5.1. Laplace's Law

1.5.1.6. Fluid Friction

1.5.1.6.1. Viscosity

## 2. Electromagnetic

### 2.1. Electric Circuit

2.1.1. Voltage Law

2.1.1.1. Current Law

2.1.1.1.1. Ohm's Law

2.1.2. DC Circuits

2.1.2.1. AC Circuits

2.1.2.1.1. Household Wiring

2.1.2.2. Electric Power

### 2.2. Circuit Elements

2.2.1. Resistor

2.2.1.1. Capacitor

2.2.1.1.1. Inductor

### 2.3. Electric Charge

2.3.1. Coulomb's Law

2.3.1.1. Gauss's Law

2.3.1.2. Electric Field

2.3.1.2.1. Voltage

### 2.4. Magnetic Field

2.4.1. Ampere's Law

2.4.1.1. Biot-Savart Law

### 2.5. Lorentz Force Law

2.5.1. Maxwell's Equations

2.5.1.1. EM Waves

2.5.1.2. Integral form

2.5.1.2.1. Gauss' law for electricity

2.5.1.2.2. Gauss' law for magnetism

2.5.1.2.4. Ampere's law

2.5.1.3. Differential form

2.5.1.3.1. Gauss' law for electricity

2.5.1.3.2. Gauss' law for magnetism

## 3. Optics

### 3.1. Color

3.1.1. Color Vision

### 3.2. Light Intensity

3.2.1. Photometry

### 3.3. Propagation of Light

3.3.1. Refraction

3.3.1.1. Snell's Law

3.3.1.1.1. Index of Refraction

3.3.1.2. Lenses

3.3.1.2.1. Prisms

3.3.2. Reflection

3.3.2.1. Mirrors

3.3.2.1.1. Mirror Instruments

3.3.3. Interfererence

3.3.3.1. Thin Films

3.3.3.1.1. Double Slit

3.3.4. Diffraction

3.3.4.1. Fraunhofer

3.3.4.1.1. Fresnel

### 3.4. Quantum Properties

3.4.1. Lasers

3.4.1.1. Holography

3.4.1.1.1. Fourier Optics

### 3.5. Polarization

3.5.1. Scattering

## 4. Thermodynamics

### 4.1. Internal Energy

4.1.1. Heat

4.1.1.1. System Work

4.1.1.1.1. First Law of Thermodynamics

### 4.2. Temperature

4.2.1. Temperature Scales

4.2.1.1. Thermal Expansion

### 4.3. Specific Heat

4.3.1. Enthalpy

4.3.1.1. Phase Changes

4.3.1.1.1. Thermal Equilibrium

### 4.4. Heat Transfer

4.4.1. Conduction

4.4.1.1. Convection

### 4.5. Heat Engines

4.5.1. Isothermal

4.5.1.1.1. Constant Volume

4.5.2. Second Law of Thermodynamics

4.5.2.1. Entropy

### 4.6. Kinetic Theory

4.6.1. Ideal Gas Law

4.6.1.1. Equipatition of Energy

4.6.1.1.1. Boltzmann Ditribution

## 5. Quantum

### 5.1. Failures of Classical Physics

5.1.1. Planck Hypothesis

5.1.1.1. Wave-Particle Duality

5.1.1.1.1. Uncertainty Principle

### 5.2. Photoelectric Effect

5.2.1.1.1. Wien Displacemant Law

5.2.2. Compton Scattering

### 5.3. Bohr Theory

5.3.1. Quantum Numbers

5.3.1.1. Hydrogen Energies

5.3.1.1.1. Hydrogen Spectrum

5.3.1.1.2. Atomic Properties

### 5.4. Wave function

5.4.1. Schrodinger Equation

5.4.1.1. Particles

5.4.1.1.1. Forces

## 6. Relativistic

### 6.1. Ideas of Special Relativity

6.1.1. Galilean Transformation

6.1.1.1. Length Contraction

6.1.1.1.1. Time Dilation

### 6.2. Experiments of Special Relativity

6.2.1. Michelson Morley Experiment

6.2.1.1. Aberration of Starlight

6.2.1.1.1. Muon Experiment

### 6.3. Doppler Shift

6.3.1.1.1. Nuclear Binding Energy

### 6.4. Ideas of General Relativity

6.4.1. Principle of Equivalence

6.4.1.1. Advance of Perihelion of Mercury

6.4.1.1.1. Gravitational Time Dilation

### 6.5. Relativistic Mechanical Quantities

6.5.1. Relativistic Energy

6.5.1.1. Mass

6.5.1.2. Momentum

6.5.1.2.1. Kinetic Energy

6.5.1.2.2. Momentum of Photon

6.5.1.3. Energy Momentum Relationship

6.5.1.3.1. Quantity PC

6.5.1.3.2. Four-vector Form

6.5.2. Lenght

6.5.3. Time

6.5.3.1. Particle Range

6.5.4. Relative Velocity

## 7. Sound and Hearing

### 7.1. Hearing

7.1.1. Pitch

7.1.1.1. Loudness

7.1.1.1.1. Timbre

7.2.1. Decibels

7.2.1.1. Phons

7.2.1.1.1. dB

### 7.3. Periodic Motion

7.3.1. Traveling Waves

7.3.1.1. Doppler Effect

### 7.4. Sound Propagation

7.4.1. Auditorium Acoustics

7.4.1.1. Inverse Square Law

7.4.1.1.1. Reverberation

7.4.2. Reflection

7.4.2.1. Interference

7.4.2.1.1. Refraction

7.4.2.1.2. Beats

### 7.5. Resonance

7.5.1. Standing Waves

### 7.6. Musical Instruments

7.6.1. Strings

7.6.1.1. Air Columns

7.6.1.1.1. Musical Scales

## 8. Astrophysics

### 8.2. Cosmology

8.2.1. Weinberg's First Tree Minutes

8.2.2. Expanding Universe

8.2.2.1. Density Parameter

8.2.2.2. 3K Background

8.2.2.2.1. H-He Abundance

8.2.2.3. Distance Measurement

### 8.3. Other Galaxies

8.3.1. Seyfert Galaxies

8.3.1.1. B L Lacertae Objects

8.3.1.1.1. Quasars

### 8.4. Milky Way Galaxy

8.4.1. Stars

8.4.1.1. Celestial Measurement

8.4.2. Gravitational Contraction

8.4.2.1. Main Sequance

8.4.2.1.1. Red Giant

8.4.2.1.2. Red Supergiant

## 9. Nuclear

### 9.1. Nuclear Particles

9.1.1. Nuclear Notation

9.1.1.1. Rutherford Scattering

9.1.1.1.1. Nuclear Forces

9.1.1.1.2. Nuclear Size

9.1.1.1.3. Nuclear Scale Model

9.1.2. Isotopes

9.2.1. Half Life

9.2.2. Alpha

9.2.2.1. Beta

9.2.2.1.1. Gamma

9.2.3. Decay Paths

### 9.3. Nuclear Structure

9.3.1. Nuclear Spectra

9.3.1.1. Particle Physics

### 9.4. Nuclear Reactions

9.4.1. Nuclear Binding Energy

9.4.1.1. Nuclear Fission

9.4.1.1.1. Nuclear Fusion

### 9.5. Nuclear Energy

9.5.1. Light Water Reactors

9.5.1.1. Fast Breeder

9.5.1.1.1. Fusion Reactors

9.5.2. Nuclear Weapons

## 10. Matter

### 10.1. Semiconductor Properties

10.1.1. Solid State Electronics

### 10.2. Crystal Lacttice

10.2.1. Lattice Vibrations

10.2.1.1. Specific Heat

### 10.3. Metals

10.3.1. Fermi Energy

10.3.1.1. Electron Density

### 10.4. Electrical Properties

10.4.1. Superconductivity

10.4.2. Band Theory of Solids

10.4.2.1. Dielectric Media

10.4.2.2. Piezoelectric Effect

### 10.5. Magnetic Properties

10.5.1. Ferromagnetism

10.5.1.1. Paramagnetism

10.5.1.1.1. Diamagnetism