Purposes of Criminal Sanctions.

Purposes of Criminal Sanctions. Year 11 Legal Studies

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Purposes of Criminal Sanctions. by Mind Map: Purposes of Criminal Sanctions.

1. Deterrence

1.1. Home Detention

1.1.1. Advantages The confinement of home detention may dissuade the offender and the general public from committing a crime.

1.1.2. Disadvantages Some people may view staying at home as a victory and a way to not work and sit around all day.

1.1.3. Efectiveness I disagree that home detention will deter offenders from recommitting if they're sentenced to their safety and comfortablity of their home instead of being in jail where it is strict. I believe however if you did not see sitting around all day at home a good thing then home detention would be the way to go.

1.2. Community Correction Order (CCO)

1.2.1. Advantages It aims to stop criminals from re-offending by making them give back to the community for their crimes.

1.2.2. Disadvantages This may not stop them re-offending as some Community Correction Orders are only based around cleaning rubbish or cleaning graffiti. The offenders may just re-offend because they weren't punished enough to show them its wrong.

1.2.3. Effectiveness I believe that Community Correction Orders are always effective to deter criminals from re-offending just because they may think they were let off easy so it is easier for them to commit the act again.

1.3. Imprisonment

1.3.1. Advantages the normal law-abiding citizen is likely to fear the possibility of being caught and imprisoned

1.3.2. Disadvantages A person who is a habitual offender is less likely to be deterred from committing a crime by the though of possibly being caught and imprisoned

1.3.3. Effectiveness I disagree that imprisonment is a deterrence from committing a crime because we see that the same types of crimes are still being committed when they know their outcome.

2. Rehabilitation

2.1. Imprisonment

2.1.1. Advantages Some rehabilitation programs operate in prisons, aiming to turn prisoners into capable contributors to society.

2.1.2. Disadvantages A person who is habitual offender is less likely to be rehabilitated to be a contributing member of society.

2.1.3. Effectiveness I agree that imprisonment would be effective for rehabilitation as they can do VCAL or further their education with multiple jobs within the prison to do.

2.2. Community Correction Order (CCO)

2.2.1. Advantages Compulsory community work and education programs aim to help the offender to become a valuable member of society, and to change their mindset so that he or she will not want to re-offend.

2.2.2. Disadvantages The offender is not learning the required skill that she or he does not have in order to function in as a valuable member to society.

2.2.3. Effectiveness I believe that having compulsory programs help deter the criminal from re-offending. By having a set amount of hours, hopefully over time, changes the mindset of the offender so they don't want to go out and re-offend.

3. Denunciation

3.1. Fines

3.1.1. Advantages Putting a monetary value on crime shows that its is the wrong way to act

3.1.2. Disadvantages While denouncing the offender, this does not take into account the offender's financial insecurities, thus potent leading into lack of access to further dispute cases.

3.1.3. Effectiveness Fines role within denunciation can be identified as moderately effective due to its equal but inequitable treatment per offender.

3.2. Imprisonment

3.2.1. Advantages Restriction of an offenders liberty is a form of justified punishment.

3.2.2. Disadvantages When dealing with hardcore offenders, the denunciation of the act will lack access.

3.2.3. Effectiveness I agree that imprisonment under denunciation will provide the community with the knowledge of what the offender has done and will show other upcoming offenders not to do that as you will be publicly shamed, harming your reputation, making it harder for you to fit into society.

4. Punishment

4.1. Home Detention

4.1.1. Advantages Home detention restricts the physical freedom of the offender. If the offender has a mental or physical injury or impairment, Home Detention would provide more comfortable and safer environment.

4.1.2. Disadvantages The offender will have the comfortability of being at home with all of his belongings with the allowance to leave under certain circumstances.

4.1.3. Effectiveness I disagree that the Home Detention method is providing a punishment for the actions of the offender as they've got their home to live in and will always have something to do within their home to keep them occupied. They are not restricted to a jail cell and don't have to work. However, when it comes to people that are ill or old it may be a good idea.

4.2. Fines

4.2.1. Advantages Offenders are punished because they must forfeit a monetary sum: Offenders may be dissuaded from re-offending due to the threat of paying more money.

4.2.2. Disadvantages Would not be seen as an effective punishment as it does not treat all offenders specially to their own case, thus not taking in consideration the offenders finance.

4.2.3. Effectiveness Not exactly effective as it does not give specialized sanctions to each offender- but is generally used for summary offences containing smaller sums of monetary value.

4.3. Community Correction Orders (CCO)

4.3.1. Advantages Community Correction Orders aim to change the mindset of offenders so he or she will not re-offend. This falls under punishment as the offender will be serving a just sentence leading to disciplinary improvement.

4.3.2. Disadvantages A disadvantage could be that the community believes that the punishment isn't just and that the offender hasn't been given the right form of punishment.

4.3.3. Effectiveness I believe Community Correction Orders are good for minor crimes and should be given out as a punishment for crimes that are small. This form of punishment shouldn't be given to those who've committed a more serious act.

4.4. Imprisonment

4.4.1. Advantages Restriction of an offender's liberty is a form of punishment.

4.4.2. Disadvantages Offenders often find it difficult to return to society after completion of punishment, causing offenders to commit a crime and go back because they do not have bills to pay and so on. In reference to scientific studies, it is clarified that within the jail system surrounding women, during there sentence, 1.7% identify a mental illness.

4.4.3. Effectiveness I agree imprisonment will provide a sufficient punishment for offenders to attempt to remove their liberty and make them realise what they did was wrong.

5. Community Protection

5.1. Imprisonment

5.1.1. Advantages When a person is in prison, he or she cannot harm the community

5.1.2. Disadvantages While imprisonment aims to dissuade the offender and potentials, rates of recidivism remain high. (Ineffective psychologically)

5.1.3. Effectiveness I agree that imprisonment will protect the community as there will be no harmful offenders running around the street, providing a safe community and allowing the community to feel safe.

5.2. Home Detention

5.2.1. Advantages The offender is closely monitored and can only join society in certain, specific circumstances.

5.2.2. Disadvantages The offender still has access to the internet and social media to contact their fellow offenders and or to plan to recommit a crime. The offender could invite their fellow offenders to their home.

5.2.3. Effectiveness I agree that the home detention sanction will provide community protection as the offender is closely monitored and can only join society in certain, specific circumstances.