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1. Part of an integrated model of tourism

2. Definition of tourist attraction

2.1. What?

2.1.1. A permanently established excursion destination, to allow public access for entertainment, interest and education. It is open to public without booking needed and should be capable of attracting day visitors or tourist (British Tourist Authority, 2002 In Summary, Tourist attracts are single units, individual sites or clearly defined small-scale geographical areas that are accessible and motivate large numbers of people to travel some distance from their home, usually in their leisure time, to visit them for a short limited period.

2.1.2. A name site with a specific human or natural feature which is the focal point of visitor management and attention (Pearce, 1991 Natural Locations Able to attract tourist and local residents Man-Made constructions

2.2. Characteristics?

2.2.1. - Rapidly changing as consumer expectation changes - Temporary attractions - Sporting Venues

2.3. How to classify tourist attractions

2.3.1. Natural Environment Niagara Fall

2.3.2. Human-made buildings and structures for other purpose than attracting visitors Religious Worship - Primary reason is not for tourist attraction

2.3.3. Human-made buildings and structures for attracting visitors Theme Park -Built with the purpose to accommodate their needs and wants

2.3.4. Special Events Sports Game, Festival

3. Type of Tourist Attractions

3.1. 1. Heritage Site 2. Museum 3. Historical Site 4. Zoo 5. Aquarium 6. Park 7. Preserve 8. Amusement Park 9. Theme Park 10. Beach 11. Cave 12. River and Lake 13. Performance 14. Fair 15. Event 16. Gallery 17. Farm 18. Theater 19. Religious Site: Cathedral, Church, Temple 20. Garden 21. Hiking Trail 22. Forest 23. Reservoirs

4. Scope of Attractions

4.1. St. Peter Basilica in Vatican It was not designed to be a tourist attraction but almost four million pilgrims visited the Vatican in 2016 - Catholic hearld, 2016. It needs to accommodate modern tourist with pilgrims and offers museums to visitors

4.2. Banff National Park in Alberta It was established as Canada's first National Park in 1885. It is a natural environment but it is one of must visit in Canada

4.3. Mass Rapid Transit, MRT it is functional method of transport and ranked 14th of Top Attraction

4.4. King's Cross Station, London One of the most legendary Harry Potter locations. It plays home to the iconic platform 9 and 3/4.


5.1. Visitor Attractions

5.1.1. Tourist Visitors who stay in the country visited for least 24 hours for business or other reasons - Visitor on a two-week vacation

5.1.2. Traveler Any person on a trip between two or more countries or between two or more localities within his/her country of usual residence

5.1.3. Visitor All Types of Travelers engaged in tourism - International Visitors - Internal Visitors - Same-day Visitors International Visitors: Visitors who travel for a period not exceeding 12 months to a country other than the one in which they generally reside and whose main purpose is other than the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited Internal Visitors: persons who travel to a destination within their own country, which is outside their usual environment for a period not exceeding 12 months Same-day Visitors: visitors who do not spend the night in a collective or private accommodation in the country visited (e.g. Malaysian visitor spending a few hours in Singapore

5.2. Tourist Attractions

5.2.1. The Term "tourist attractions" can be a bit restrict in using the term. Most visitors to attractions are not "tourist". They could be day-visitors who come from the region where the attraction is located, rather than staying visitors such as international or domestic tourist. In general, visitor attraction would be more accurate to use than tourist attraction

5.3. Attractions and Destination

5.3.1. Attractions are generally single units, individual sites or very small easily delimited geographical areas based on a single key feature Example: Balcony of Europe, Spain

5.3.2. Destinations are larger areas that include a number of individual attractions together with the support services required by tourists Example: Costa del Sol, Spain

5.4. Support Service and Facilities

5.4.1. Attractions are different from support service and tourism facilities Example: Hotel, Restaurant, Transportation System An oversimplification for two reasons. 1. Attractions are developing service such as catering and accommodation 2. Attractions own their support services and tourism facilities Restaurant and hotel can be attraction. Example: Resort Complexes such as Disneyland

5.5. Activities

5.5.1. Attractions are a resource that provides the raw material on which the activity depends Example: Attraction: Waterfront Promenade Activity: Scenic Walking Attraction Esplanade

6. Classification of Visitors Attractions

6.1. Ownership

6.1.1. Public Government, local authorities, nationalized industries Main Types of attractions owned: Museum, Gallery, Ancient Monument, historic building

6.1.2. Private Commercial Organizations Theme Park, Zoo, Marina, Entertainment Complex, Lesiure Shopping

6.1.3. Voluntary Trusts and charities Historic Building, Heritage center

6.2. Primary and Secondary attractions

6.2.1. Primary attractions: Those which are the main reason for taking a trip. Visitors spend most of the time either because the site is vital resource for a preferred activity or it is necessary to spend several hours at least on the site to enjoy all its elements and to obtain value for money.

6.2.2. Secondary attractions: Those places visited on the way to and from the primary attraction. The role is to break a long journey, to provide an opportunity for eating and drinking or to give the trip some variety

6.3. Target Markets

6.3.1. A particular group of consumers at which a product or service is aimed. How to divide into subgroups? Age, Gender, stages in the family life cycle, social class, geographical area, type of travel, individual transportation, season personality and lifestyle

6.4. Benefits sought

6.4.1. Those visitors expect from visiting the tourist attractions How to identify Status, Nostalgia, Learning something new and unique, economy and value for money, good service, a variety