energy and industry

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1. Energy

1.1. types

1.1.1. electricity, oil and gas- late 19th century

1.1.2. coal 19th century

1.1.3. nuclear energy 20th century

1.1.4. wind, solar and wave power 1973

1.2. how they are

1.2.1. renewable definition those that can recover naturally types hydroelectric wind biomass solar geotermal advantages and drawbacks advantages drawbacks

1.2.2. non-renewable definition exist in limited amounts and can not easily be replaced types oil and natural gas coal nuclear energy

1.3. where are they found

1.3.1. primary obtained from nature coal uranium and renewable energies

1.3.2. secondary produced from a primary source electricity and petrol

2. Industry

2.1. definition

2.1.1. trasformation of raw materials into manufactured goods

2.2. required conditions

2.2.1. machines and energy

2.2.2. work is carried out in factories

2.2.3. large quantities of goods are produced

2.3. types of industry

2.3.1. destination basic raw materials into semi-finished products capital goods uses semi finished products to make products for other companies consumer goods make consumer products

2.3.2. development mature textiles iron and steel advanced biotechnology microelectronics

2.4. characteristics of modern industry

2.4.1. the new industrial model based on new technologies and industries

2.4.2. the key role of research new materials technology

2.4.3. the desentralization of production globalisation differents phases of production subcontracts coperation agreements

2.4.4. automation and industrial tertiarization fewer workers are required demand for technicians and professionals

2.4.5. the growth of multinational industries

2.5. the industrial powers

2.5.1. traditional USA second place Japan third place Europe Germany, Italy, France, UK

2.5.2. emerging BRICS Brazil Russia India China South Africa