Healthcare System in Singapore

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Healthcare System in Singapore by Mind Map: Healthcare System in Singapore

1. Key Components of a Well - Functioning Healthcare System

1.1. Common Outcome Indicators

1.1.1. Mortality Rate

1.1.2. Morbidity Rate

1.1.3. Life Expectancy (LE)

1.1.4. Health Life Expectancy (HALE)

1.2. Health System Performance

1.2.1. Performance Indicators Health Responsiveness Fair Financial Contribution

1.2.2. Efficiency Achievement relative to resources

1.3. Performance Management by KPI

1.3.1. National Level

1.3.2. Strategic Level

1.3.3. Operational Level

1.4. Joint Commission International (JCI)

1.4.1. Functions Accredited by JCI

1.4.2. Standards Broad Narrow

1.5. Silver Industry Standards Committee

1.5.1. Standards Guidelines on Nutrition & Food Services for Older Adults Standard Day Care, Eldercare & Day Rehabilitation Centres Guide for Age - Friendly homes

1.6. Research & Development (R&D

1.6.1. Type of Innovations Product Innovation Process Innovation Marketing Innovation Organisational Innovation

2. Integrated Care & Level of Healthcare Services

2.1. 4 Levels of Care

2.1.1. Primary Care GP Clinics, Polyclinis Development Community Health Centre (CHC) GP Partnership Family Medicine Clinics

2.1.2. Secondary Care Hospital (A&E Department

2.1.3. Tertiary Care Hospital - Specialized Care

2.1.4. Community Care Nursing Homes Community Hospitals Dimensions of Services Home Based Centre Based Residential Based

2.2. Three - Cluster System

2.2.1. Central Region National Healthcare Group (NHG)

2.2.2. Eastern Region Singapore Health Services (SingHealth)

2.2.3. Western Region National University Health System (NUHS)

3. Performance of Healthcare Systems

3.1. Health Informatics

3.1.1. One Patient, One Health Record

3.1.2. Personal Health Record (PHR)

3.2. Health Workforce

3.2.1. Current Issue: Manpower Crunch Medical Staff Nursing & Allied Health Staff MOH Strategy Salary Increase Medical Schools Buy services from Private Hospitals

3.3. Health System Governance

3.3.1. Ministry of Health (MOH) Health Sciences Authority (HSA) Healthcare Institutions

3.4. Healthcare Financing

3.4.1. Revenue Collection Social Health Insurance Government Taxation Private Insurance Out-of-Pocket Payment Medical Saving Account

3.4.2. Health Service Purchasing Mechanisms Fee for Service Global Budget Line item Budgets Capitation Diagnostic related Payment

3.4.3. Finance Mix of Singapore Health System Multi - Pillared System Government Subsidies Medisave Medishield Life Medifund Eldershield Out - of - pocket

3.4.4. Managed Care Corporate Fee - for Service System Fee Caps System Agent System Health Maintenance Organisation (HMO) System

4. Demographic Profile & Disease Trend

4.1. Global Burden of Disease

4.1.1. Communicable Disease

4.1.2. Non - Communicable Disease

4.2. Disability-Adjusted-Life-Year (DALY)

4.2.1. Calculation: DALY = YLL + YLD YLL: Years of Life Lost YLD: Years Lost due to Disability

4.3. Globalization & Urbanization

4.3.1. Globalization Increase spread of communicable diseases Higher risk of non - communicable diseases

4.3.2. Urbanization Can promote or hinder spread of diseases

4.4. Care Integration

4.4.1. Types Organisational Integration Functional Integration Service Integration Clinical Integration Normative Integration Systemic Integration

4.4.2. Levels Macro (Systems) Meso Integrated Care Pathway (ICP) Micro