Infectious Diseases (Fungal Infections)

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Infectious Diseases (Fungal Infections) by Mind Map: Infectious Diseases  (Fungal Infections)

1. Oral Candidiasis, Caused by Candida albicans Diagnosed by Clinical, Microscopic, Therapeutic Progonosis is Good Treatment is antifungal therapy

1.1. Pseudomembranous Candidiasis

1.1.1. description underlying mucosa is red, patient may feel a burning sensation and complain of a metallic taste

1.2. Erythematous Candidiasis

1.2.1. description may be localized or generalized in the oral mucosa. Irregular patchy depapillation of the tongue

1.3. Denture Stomatitis

1.3.1. description Red mucosa where the full or partial denture covers it. May appear petechiae-like or granular, it is usually asymptomatic

1.4. Chronic Hyperplastic Candidiasis

1.4.1. description White lesion that does not wipe off the mucosa but responds to antifungal meds

1.5. Angular Cheilitis

1.5.1. description redness and fissuring of the labial commisures

1.6. Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis

1.6.1. description It may appear as pseudomembranous, erythematous, or hyperplastic candidiasis, and angular cheilitis. The skin lesions usually involve the nails and skinfolds

1.7. Median Rhomboid Glossitis

1.7.1. description red, flat to raised lesion on the midline of the posterior dorsal tongue

2. Deep fungal infections, Caused by Histoplasma Capsulatum, Coccidiodes unnutus, Blastomyces dermatitidis, Cryptococcus neoformans Diagnosed by Microscopic Prognosis is Good Treatment is appropriate antifungal agent

2.1. Histoplasmosis

2.1.1. widespread int he midwestern United States

2.2. Coccidioidomycosis

2.2.1. more prevalent in parts of the western U.S.

2.3. Blastomycosis

2.3.1. Common in the Ohio and Mississippi River basin area

2.4. Cryptococcosis

2.4.1. Transmitted through inhalation of organisms contained in dust from bird droppings